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Theorem negeu 10256
 Description: Existential uniqueness of negatives. Theorem I.2 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
negeu ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵)
Distinct variable groups:   𝑥,𝐴   𝑥,𝐵

Proof of Theorem negeu
Dummy variable 𝑦 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 cnegex 10202 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)
21adantr 481 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)
3 simpl 473 . . . 4 ((𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
4 simpr 477 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → 𝐵 ∈ ℂ)
5 addcl 10003 . . . 4 ((𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝑦 + 𝐵) ∈ ℂ)
63, 4, 5syl2anr 495 . . 3 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) → (𝑦 + 𝐵) ∈ ℂ)
7 simplrr 800 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)
87oveq1d 6650 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝑦) + 𝐵) = (0 + 𝐵))
9 simplll 797 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → 𝐴 ∈ ℂ)
10 simplrl 799 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
11 simpllr 798 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → 𝐵 ∈ ℂ)
129, 10, 11addassd 10047 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝑦) + 𝐵) = (𝐴 + (𝑦 + 𝐵)))
1311addid2d 10222 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → (0 + 𝐵) = 𝐵)
148, 12, 133eqtr3rd 2663 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → 𝐵 = (𝐴 + (𝑦 + 𝐵)))
1514eqeq2d 2630 . . . . 5 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = (𝐴 + (𝑦 + 𝐵))))
16 simpr 477 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → 𝑥 ∈ ℂ)
1710, 11addcld 10044 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → (𝑦 + 𝐵) ∈ ℂ)
189, 16, 17addcand 10224 . . . . 5 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝑥) = (𝐴 + (𝑦 + 𝐵)) ↔ 𝑥 = (𝑦 + 𝐵)))
1915, 18bitrd 268 . . . 4 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵𝑥 = (𝑦 + 𝐵)))
2019ralrimiva 2963 . . 3 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) → ∀𝑥 ∈ ℂ ((𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵𝑥 = (𝑦 + 𝐵)))
21 reu6i 3391 . . 3 (((𝑦 + 𝐵) ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℂ ((𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵𝑥 = (𝑦 + 𝐵))) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵)
226, 20, 21syl2anc 692 . 2 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵)
232, 22rexlimddv 3031 1 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵)
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ↔ wb 196   ∧ wa 384   = wceq 1481   ∈ wcel 1988  ∀wral 2909  ∃wrex 2910  ∃!wreu 2911  (class class class)co 6635  ℂcc 9919  0cc0 9921   + caddc 9924 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1720  ax-4 1735  ax-5 1837  ax-6 1886  ax-7 1933  ax-8 1990  ax-9 1997  ax-10 2017  ax-11 2032  ax-12 2045  ax-13 2244  ax-ext 2600  ax-sep 4772  ax-nul 4780  ax-pow 4834  ax-pr 4897  ax-un 6934  ax-resscn 9978  ax-1cn 9979  ax-icn 9980  ax-addcl 9981  ax-addrcl 9982  ax-mulcl 9983  ax-mulrcl 9984  ax-mulcom 9985  ax-addass 9986  ax-mulass 9987  ax-distr 9988  ax-i2m1 9989  ax-1ne0 9990  ax-1rid 9991  ax-rnegex 9992  ax-rrecex 9993  ax-cnre 9994  ax-pre-lttri 9995  ax-pre-lttrn 9996  ax-pre-ltadd 9997 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-3or 1037  df-3an 1038  df-tru 1484  df-ex 1703  df-nf 1708  df-sb 1879  df-eu 2472  df-mo 2473  df-clab 2607  df-cleq 2613  df-clel 2616  df-nfc 2751  df-ne 2792  df-nel 2895  df-ral 2914  df-rex 2915  df-reu 2916  df-rab 2918  df-v 3197  df-sbc 3430  df-csb 3527  df-dif 3570  df-un 3572  df-in 3574  df-ss 3581  df-nul 3908  df-if 4078  df-pw 4151  df-sn 4169  df-pr 4171  df-op 4175  df-uni 4428  df-br 4645  df-opab 4704  df-mpt 4721  df-id 5014  df-po 5025  df-so 5026  df-xp 5110  df-rel 5111  df-cnv 5112  df-co 5113  df-dm 5114  df-rn 5115  df-res 5116  df-ima 5117  df-iota 5839  df-fun 5878  df-fn 5879  df-f 5880  df-f1 5881  df-fo 5882  df-f1o 5883  df-fv 5884  df-ov 6638  df-er 7727  df-en 7941  df-dom 7942  df-sdom 7943  df-pnf 10061  df-mnf 10062  df-ltxr 10064 This theorem is referenced by:  subcl  10265  subadd  10269
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