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Theorem phisum 15419
Description: The divisor sum identity of the totient function. Theorem 2.2 in [ApostolNT] p. 26. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 12-Sep-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
phisum (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → Σ𝑑 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (ϕ‘𝑑) = 𝑁)
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑁,𝑑

Proof of Theorem phisum
Dummy variables 𝑧 𝑦 𝑤 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 breq1 4616 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝑥𝑁𝑦𝑁))
21elrab 3346 . . . . 5 (𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ↔ (𝑦 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑦𝑁))
3 hashgcdeq 15418 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℕ) → (#‘{𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦}) = if(𝑦𝑁, (ϕ‘(𝑁 / 𝑦)), 0))
43adantrr 752 . . . . . 6 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑦𝑁)) → (#‘{𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦}) = if(𝑦𝑁, (ϕ‘(𝑁 / 𝑦)), 0))
5 iftrue 4064 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦𝑁 → if(𝑦𝑁, (ϕ‘(𝑁 / 𝑦)), 0) = (ϕ‘(𝑁 / 𝑦)))
65ad2antll 764 . . . . . 6 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑦𝑁)) → if(𝑦𝑁, (ϕ‘(𝑁 / 𝑦)), 0) = (ϕ‘(𝑁 / 𝑦)))
74, 6eqtrd 2655 . . . . 5 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑦𝑁)) → (#‘{𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦}) = (ϕ‘(𝑁 / 𝑦)))
82, 7sylan2b 492 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}) → (#‘{𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦}) = (ϕ‘(𝑁 / 𝑦)))
98sumeq2dv 14367 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → Σ𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (#‘{𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦}) = Σ𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (ϕ‘(𝑁 / 𝑦)))
10 fzfi 12711 . . . . 5 (1...𝑁) ∈ Fin
11 dvdsssfz1 14964 . . . . 5 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ⊆ (1...𝑁))
12 ssfi 8124 . . . . 5 (((1...𝑁) ∈ Fin ∧ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ⊆ (1...𝑁)) → {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ∈ Fin)
1310, 11, 12sylancr 694 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ∈ Fin)
14 fzofi 12713 . . . . . 6 (0..^𝑁) ∈ Fin
15 ssrab2 3666 . . . . . 6 {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} ⊆ (0..^𝑁)
16 ssfi 8124 . . . . . 6 (((0..^𝑁) ∈ Fin ∧ {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} ⊆ (0..^𝑁)) → {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} ∈ Fin)
1714, 15, 16mp2an 707 . . . . 5 {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} ∈ Fin
1817a1i 11 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}) → {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} ∈ Fin)
19 oveq1 6611 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑧 = 𝑤 → (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = (𝑤 gcd 𝑁))
2019eqeq1d 2623 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑧 = 𝑤 → ((𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦 ↔ (𝑤 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦))
2120elrab 3346 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑤 ∈ {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} ↔ (𝑤 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∧ (𝑤 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦))
2221simprbi 480 . . . . . . 7 (𝑤 ∈ {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} → (𝑤 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦)
2322rgen 2917 . . . . . 6 𝑤 ∈ {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} (𝑤 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦
2423rgenw 2919 . . . . 5 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}∀𝑤 ∈ {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} (𝑤 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦
25 invdisj 4601 . . . . 5 (∀𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}∀𝑤 ∈ {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} (𝑤 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦Disj 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦})
2624, 25mp1i 13 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → Disj 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦})
2713, 18, 26hashiun 14481 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (#‘ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦}) = Σ𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (#‘{𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦}))
28 fveq2 6148 . . . 4 (𝑑 = (𝑁 / 𝑦) → (ϕ‘𝑑) = (ϕ‘(𝑁 / 𝑦)))
29 eqid 2621 . . . . 5 {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} = {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}
30 eqid 2621 . . . . 5 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ↦ (𝑁 / 𝑧)) = (𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ↦ (𝑁 / 𝑧))
3129, 30dvdsflip 14963 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ↦ (𝑁 / 𝑧)):{𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}–1-1-onto→{𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁})
32 oveq2 6612 . . . . . 6 (𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑁 / 𝑧) = (𝑁 / 𝑦))
33 ovex 6632 . . . . . 6 (𝑁 / 𝑦) ∈ V
3432, 30, 33fvmpt 6239 . . . . 5 (𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} → ((𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ↦ (𝑁 / 𝑧))‘𝑦) = (𝑁 / 𝑦))
3534adantl 482 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}) → ((𝑧 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ↦ (𝑁 / 𝑧))‘𝑦) = (𝑁 / 𝑦))
36 elrabi 3342 . . . . . . 7 (𝑑 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} → 𝑑 ∈ ℕ)
3736adantl 482 . . . . . 6 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑑 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}) → 𝑑 ∈ ℕ)
3837phicld 15401 . . . . 5 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑑 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}) → (ϕ‘𝑑) ∈ ℕ)
3938nncnd 10980 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑑 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}) → (ϕ‘𝑑) ∈ ℂ)
4028, 13, 31, 35, 39fsumf1o 14387 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → Σ𝑑 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (ϕ‘𝑑) = Σ𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (ϕ‘(𝑁 / 𝑦)))
419, 27, 403eqtr4rd 2666 . 2 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → Σ𝑑 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (ϕ‘𝑑) = (#‘ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦}))
42 elfzoelz 12411 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) → 𝑧 ∈ ℤ)
4342adantl 482 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁)) → 𝑧 ∈ ℤ)
44 nnz 11343 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝑁 ∈ ℤ)
4544adantr 481 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁)) → 𝑁 ∈ ℤ)
46 nnne0 10997 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝑁 ≠ 0)
4746neneqd 2795 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → ¬ 𝑁 = 0)
4847intnand 961 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → ¬ (𝑧 = 0 ∧ 𝑁 = 0))
4948adantr 481 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁)) → ¬ (𝑧 = 0 ∧ 𝑁 = 0))
50 gcdn0cl 15148 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑧 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑧 = 0 ∧ 𝑁 = 0)) → (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∈ ℕ)
5143, 45, 49, 50syl21anc 1322 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁)) → (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∈ ℕ)
52 gcddvds 15149 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑧 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∥ 𝑧 ∧ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∥ 𝑁))
5343, 45, 52syl2anc 692 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁)) → ((𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∥ 𝑧 ∧ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∥ 𝑁))
5453simprd 479 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁)) → (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∥ 𝑁)
55 breq1 4616 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) → (𝑥𝑁 ↔ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∥ 𝑁))
5655elrab 3346 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ↔ ((𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∥ 𝑁))
5751, 54, 56sylanbrc 697 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁)) → (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁})
58 risset 3055 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}𝑦 = (𝑧 gcd 𝑁))
59 eqcom 2628 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑦 = (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ↔ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦)
6059rexbii 3034 . . . . . . . . 9 (∃𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁}𝑦 = (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦)
6158, 60bitri 264 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑧 gcd 𝑁) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦)
6257, 61sylib 208 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁)) → ∃𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦)
6362ralrimiva 2960 . . . . . 6 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → ∀𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁)∃𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦)
64 rabid2 3107 . . . . . 6 ((0..^𝑁) = {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} ↔ ∀𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁)∃𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦)
6563, 64sylibr 224 . . . . 5 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (0..^𝑁) = {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦})
66 iunrab 4533 . . . . 5 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} = {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦}
6765, 66syl6reqr 2674 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦} = (0..^𝑁))
6867fveq2d 6152 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (#‘ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦}) = (#‘(0..^𝑁)))
69 nnnn0 11243 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
70 hashfzo0 13157 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (#‘(0..^𝑁)) = 𝑁)
7169, 70syl 17 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (#‘(0..^𝑁)) = 𝑁)
7268, 71eqtrd 2655 . 2 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (#‘ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} {𝑧 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∣ (𝑧 gcd 𝑁) = 𝑦}) = 𝑁)
7341, 72eqtrd 2655 1 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → Σ𝑑 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ 𝑥𝑁} (ϕ‘𝑑) = 𝑁)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 384   = wceq 1480  wcel 1987  wral 2907  wrex 2908  {crab 2911  wss 3555  ifcif 4058   ciun 4485  Disj wdisj 4583   class class class wbr 4613  cmpt 4673  cfv 5847  (class class class)co 6604  Fincfn 7899  0cc0 9880  1c1 9881   / cdiv 10628  cn 10964  0cn0 11236  cz 11321  ...cfz 12268  ..^cfzo 12406  #chash 13057  Σcsu 14350  cdvds 14907   gcd cgcd 15140  ϕcphi 15393
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1719  ax-4 1734  ax-5 1836  ax-6 1885  ax-7 1932  ax-8 1989  ax-9 1996  ax-10 2016  ax-11 2031  ax-12 2044  ax-13 2245  ax-ext 2601  ax-rep 4731  ax-sep 4741  ax-nul 4749  ax-pow 4803  ax-pr 4867  ax-un 6902  ax-inf2 8482  ax-cnex 9936  ax-resscn 9937  ax-1cn 9938  ax-icn 9939  ax-addcl 9940  ax-addrcl 9941  ax-mulcl 9942  ax-mulrcl 9943  ax-mulcom 9944  ax-addass 9945  ax-mulass 9946  ax-distr 9947  ax-i2m1 9948  ax-1ne0 9949  ax-1rid 9950  ax-rnegex 9951  ax-rrecex 9952  ax-cnre 9953  ax-pre-lttri 9954  ax-pre-lttrn 9955  ax-pre-ltadd 9956  ax-pre-mulgt0 9957  ax-pre-sup 9958
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-3or 1037  df-3an 1038  df-tru 1483  df-fal 1486  df-ex 1702  df-nf 1707  df-sb 1878  df-eu 2473  df-mo 2474  df-clab 2608  df-cleq 2614  df-clel 2617  df-nfc 2750  df-ne 2791  df-nel 2894  df-ral 2912  df-rex 2913  df-reu 2914  df-rmo 2915  df-rab 2916  df-v 3188  df-sbc 3418  df-csb 3515  df-dif 3558  df-un 3560  df-in 3562  df-ss 3569  df-pss 3571  df-nul 3892  df-if 4059  df-pw 4132  df-sn 4149  df-pr 4151  df-tp 4153  df-op 4155  df-uni 4403  df-int 4441  df-iun 4487  df-disj 4584  df-br 4614  df-opab 4674  df-mpt 4675  df-tr 4713  df-eprel 4985  df-id 4989  df-po 4995  df-so 4996  df-fr 5033  df-se 5034  df-we 5035  df-xp 5080  df-rel 5081  df-cnv 5082  df-co 5083  df-dm 5084  df-rn 5085  df-res 5086  df-ima 5087  df-pred 5639  df-ord 5685  df-on 5686  df-lim 5687  df-suc 5688  df-iota 5810  df-fun 5849  df-fn 5850  df-f 5851  df-f1 5852  df-fo 5853  df-f1o 5854  df-fv 5855  df-isom 5856  df-riota 6565  df-ov 6607  df-oprab 6608  df-mpt2 6609  df-om 7013  df-1st 7113  df-2nd 7114  df-wrecs 7352  df-recs 7413  df-rdg 7451  df-1o 7505  df-oadd 7509  df-er 7687  df-en 7900  df-dom 7901  df-sdom 7902  df-fin 7903  df-sup 8292  df-inf 8293  df-oi 8359  df-card 8709  df-pnf 10020  df-mnf 10021  df-xr 10022  df-ltxr 10023  df-le 10024  df-sub 10212  df-neg 10213  df-div 10629  df-nn 10965  df-2 11023  df-3 11024  df-n0 11237  df-xnn0 11308  df-z 11322  df-uz 11632  df-rp 11777  df-fz 12269  df-fzo 12407  df-fl 12533  df-mod 12609  df-seq 12742  df-exp 12801  df-hash 13058  df-cj 13773  df-re 13774  df-im 13775  df-sqrt 13909  df-abs 13910  df-clim 14153  df-sum 14351  df-dvds 14908  df-gcd 15141  df-phi 15395
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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