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Theorem rlim 14023
Description: Express the predicate: The limit of complex number function 𝐹 is 𝐶, or 𝐹 converges to 𝐶, in the real sense. This means that for any real 𝑥, no matter how small, there always exists a number 𝑦 such that the absolute difference of any number in the function beyond 𝑦 and the limit is less than 𝑥. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Sep-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
rlim.1 (𝜑𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ)
rlim.2 (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ ℝ)
rlim.4 ((𝜑𝑧𝐴) → (𝐹𝑧) = 𝐵)
Assertion
Ref Expression
rlim (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑟 𝐶 ↔ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧𝐴 (𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘(𝐵𝐶)) < 𝑥))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑧,𝐴   𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝐶   𝑥,𝐹,𝑦,𝑧   𝜑,𝑥,𝑦,𝑧
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐴(𝑥,𝑦)   𝐵(𝑥,𝑦,𝑧)

Proof of Theorem rlim
Dummy variables 𝑤 𝑓 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 rlimrel 14021 . . . . 5 Rel ⇝𝑟
21brrelex2i 5073 . . . 4 (𝐹𝑟 𝐶𝐶 ∈ V)
32a1i 11 . . 3 (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑟 𝐶𝐶 ∈ V))
4 elex 3184 . . . . 5 (𝐶 ∈ ℂ → 𝐶 ∈ V)
54ad2antrl 759 . . . 4 ((𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥))) → 𝐶 ∈ V)
65a1i 11 . . 3 (𝜑 → ((𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥))) → 𝐶 ∈ V))
7 rlim.1 . . . . 5 (𝜑𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ)
8 rlim.2 . . . . 5 (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ ℝ)
9 cnex 9874 . . . . . 6 ℂ ∈ V
10 reex 9884 . . . . . 6 ℝ ∈ V
11 elpm2r 7739 . . . . . 6 (((ℂ ∈ V ∧ ℝ ∈ V) ∧ (𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ⊆ ℝ)) → 𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ))
129, 10, 11mpanl12 713 . . . . 5 ((𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ⊆ ℝ) → 𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ))
137, 8, 12syl2anc 690 . . . 4 (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ))
14 eleq1 2675 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → (𝑓 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ↔ 𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ)))
15 eleq1 2675 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑤 = 𝐶 → (𝑤 ∈ ℂ ↔ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ))
1614, 15bi2anan9 912 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑤 = 𝐶) → ((𝑓 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ ℂ) ↔ (𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ)))
17 simpl 471 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑤 = 𝐶) → 𝑓 = 𝐹)
1817dmeqd 5235 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑤 = 𝐶) → dom 𝑓 = dom 𝐹)
19 fveq1 6087 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → (𝑓𝑧) = (𝐹𝑧))
20 oveq12 6536 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((𝑓𝑧) = (𝐹𝑧) ∧ 𝑤 = 𝐶) → ((𝑓𝑧) − 𝑤) = ((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶))
2119, 20sylan 486 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑤 = 𝐶) → ((𝑓𝑧) − 𝑤) = ((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶))
2221fveq2d 6092 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑤 = 𝐶) → (abs‘((𝑓𝑧) − 𝑤)) = (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)))
2322breq1d 4587 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑤 = 𝐶) → ((abs‘((𝑓𝑧) − 𝑤)) < 𝑥 ↔ (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥))
2423imbi2d 328 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑤 = 𝐶) → ((𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝑓𝑧) − 𝑤)) < 𝑥) ↔ (𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥)))
2518, 24raleqbidv 3128 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑤 = 𝐶) → (∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝑓𝑧) − 𝑤)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥)))
2625rexbidv 3033 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑤 = 𝐶) → (∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝑓𝑧) − 𝑤)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥)))
2726ralbidv 2968 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑤 = 𝐶) → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝑓𝑧) − 𝑤)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥)))
2816, 27anbi12d 742 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑤 = 𝐶) → (((𝑓 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ ℂ) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝑓𝑧) − 𝑤)) < 𝑥)) ↔ ((𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥))))
29 df-rlim 14017 . . . . . . 7 𝑟 = {⟨𝑓, 𝑤⟩ ∣ ((𝑓 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ ℂ) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝑓𝑧) − 𝑤)) < 𝑥))}
3028, 29brabga 4904 . . . . . 6 ((𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ V) → (𝐹𝑟 𝐶 ↔ ((𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥))))
31 anass 678 . . . . . 6 (((𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥)) ↔ (𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥))))
3230, 31syl6bb 274 . . . . 5 ((𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ V) → (𝐹𝑟 𝐶 ↔ (𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥)))))
3332ex 448 . . . 4 (𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) → (𝐶 ∈ V → (𝐹𝑟 𝐶 ↔ (𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥))))))
3413, 33syl 17 . . 3 (𝜑 → (𝐶 ∈ V → (𝐹𝑟 𝐶 ↔ (𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥))))))
353, 6, 34pm5.21ndd 367 . 2 (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑟 𝐶 ↔ (𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥)))))
3613biantrurd 527 . 2 (𝜑 → ((𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥)) ↔ (𝐹 ∈ (ℂ ↑pm ℝ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥)))))
37 fdm 5950 . . . . . . . 8 (𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ → dom 𝐹 = 𝐴)
387, 37syl 17 . . . . . . 7 (𝜑 → dom 𝐹 = 𝐴)
3938raleqdv 3120 . . . . . 6 (𝜑 → (∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑧𝐴 (𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥)))
40 rlim.4 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝜑𝑧𝐴) → (𝐹𝑧) = 𝐵)
4140oveq1d 6542 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝜑𝑧𝐴) → ((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶) = (𝐵𝐶))
4241fveq2d 6092 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝜑𝑧𝐴) → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) = (abs‘(𝐵𝐶)))
4342breq1d 4587 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝜑𝑧𝐴) → ((abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥 ↔ (abs‘(𝐵𝐶)) < 𝑥))
4443imbi2d 328 . . . . . . 7 ((𝜑𝑧𝐴) → ((𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥) ↔ (𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘(𝐵𝐶)) < 𝑥)))
4544ralbidva 2967 . . . . . 6 (𝜑 → (∀𝑧𝐴 (𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑧𝐴 (𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘(𝐵𝐶)) < 𝑥)))
4639, 45bitrd 266 . . . . 5 (𝜑 → (∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑧𝐴 (𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘(𝐵𝐶)) < 𝑥)))
4746rexbidv 3033 . . . 4 (𝜑 → (∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧𝐴 (𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘(𝐵𝐶)) < 𝑥)))
4847ralbidv 2968 . . 3 (𝜑 → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧𝐴 (𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘(𝐵𝐶)) < 𝑥)))
4948anbi2d 735 . 2 (𝜑 → ((𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧 ∈ dom 𝐹(𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑧) − 𝐶)) < 𝑥)) ↔ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧𝐴 (𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘(𝐵𝐶)) < 𝑥))))
5035, 36, 493bitr2d 294 1 (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑟 𝐶 ↔ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑧𝐴 (𝑦𝑧 → (abs‘(𝐵𝐶)) < 𝑥))))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 194  wa 382   = wceq 1474  wcel 1976  wral 2895  wrex 2896  Vcvv 3172  wss 3539   class class class wbr 4577  dom cdm 5028  wf 5786  cfv 5790  (class class class)co 6527  pm cpm 7723  cc 9791  cr 9792   < clt 9931  cle 9932  cmin 10118  +crp 11667  abscabs 13771  𝑟 crli 14013
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1712  ax-4 1727  ax-5 1826  ax-6 1874  ax-7 1921  ax-8 1978  ax-9 1985  ax-10 2005  ax-11 2020  ax-12 2033  ax-13 2233  ax-ext 2589  ax-sep 4703  ax-nul 4712  ax-pow 4764  ax-pr 4828  ax-un 6825  ax-cnex 9849  ax-resscn 9850
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 195  df-or 383  df-an 384  df-3an 1032  df-tru 1477  df-ex 1695  df-nf 1700  df-sb 1867  df-eu 2461  df-mo 2462  df-clab 2596  df-cleq 2602  df-clel 2605  df-nfc 2739  df-ne 2781  df-ral 2900  df-rex 2901  df-rab 2904  df-v 3174  df-sbc 3402  df-dif 3542  df-un 3544  df-in 3546  df-ss 3553  df-nul 3874  df-if 4036  df-pw 4109  df-sn 4125  df-pr 4127  df-op 4131  df-uni 4367  df-br 4578  df-opab 4638  df-id 4943  df-xp 5034  df-rel 5035  df-cnv 5036  df-co 5037  df-dm 5038  df-rn 5039  df-iota 5754  df-fun 5792  df-fn 5793  df-f 5794  df-fv 5798  df-ov 6530  df-oprab 6531  df-mpt2 6532  df-pm 7725  df-rlim 14017
This theorem is referenced by:  rlim2  14024  rlimcl  14031  rlimclim  14074  rlimres  14086  caurcvgr  14201
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