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Theorem rlimrege0 14247
 Description: The limit of a sequence of complex numbers with nonnegative real part has nonnegative real part. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-May-2016.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
rlimcld2.1 (𝜑 → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = +∞)
rlimcld2.2 (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ⇝𝑟 𝐶)
rlimrege0.4 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℂ)
rlimrege0.5 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵))
Assertion
Ref Expression
rlimrege0 (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑥,𝐴   𝑥,𝐶   𝜑,𝑥
Allowed substitution hint:   𝐵(𝑥)

Proof of Theorem rlimrege0
Dummy variables 𝑦 𝑧 𝑤 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 rlimcld2.1 . . 3 (𝜑 → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = +∞)
2 rlimcld2.2 . . 3 (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ⇝𝑟 𝐶)
3 ssrab2 3668 . . . 4 {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ⊆ ℂ
43a1i 11 . . 3 (𝜑 → {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ⊆ ℂ)
5 eldifi 3712 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
65adantl 482 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
76recld 13871 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → (ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
87renegcld 10404 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
9 fveq2 6150 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑤 = 𝑦 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝑦))
109breq2d 4627 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑤 = 𝑦 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
1110notbid 308 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑤 = 𝑦 → (¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
12 notrab 3882 . . . . . . . . 9 (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) = {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}
1311, 12elrab2 3349 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) ↔ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
1413simprbi 480 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦))
1514adantl 482 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦))
16 0re 9987 . . . . . . 7 0 ∈ ℝ
17 ltnle 10064 . . . . . . 7 (((ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ∈ ℝ) → ((ℜ‘𝑦) < 0 ↔ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
187, 16, 17sylancl 693 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → ((ℜ‘𝑦) < 0 ↔ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
1915, 18mpbird 247 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → (ℜ‘𝑦) < 0)
207lt0neg1d 10544 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → ((ℜ‘𝑦) < 0 ↔ 0 < -(ℜ‘𝑦)))
2119, 20mpbid 222 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → 0 < -(ℜ‘𝑦))
228, 21elrpd 11816 . . 3 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ+)
238adantr 481 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
24 elrabi 3343 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} → 𝑧 ∈ ℂ)
2524adantl 482 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 𝑧 ∈ ℂ)
266adantr 481 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
2725, 26subcld 10339 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (𝑧𝑦) ∈ ℂ)
2827recld 13871 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)) ∈ ℝ)
2927abscld 14112 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (abs‘(𝑧𝑦)) ∈ ℝ)
30 0red 9988 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 0 ∈ ℝ)
3125recld 13871 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘𝑧) ∈ ℝ)
3226recld 13871 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
33 fveq2 6150 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑤 = 𝑧 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝑧))
3433breq2d 4627 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑤 = 𝑧 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧)))
3534elrab 3347 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ↔ (𝑧 ∈ ℂ ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧)))
3635simprbi 480 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧))
3736adantl 482 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧))
3830, 31, 32, 37lesub1dd 10590 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (0 − (ℜ‘𝑦)) ≤ ((ℜ‘𝑧) − (ℜ‘𝑦)))
39 df-neg 10216 . . . . . 6 -(ℜ‘𝑦) = (0 − (ℜ‘𝑦))
4039a1i 11 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) = (0 − (ℜ‘𝑦)))
4125, 26resubd 13893 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)) = ((ℜ‘𝑧) − (ℜ‘𝑦)))
4238, 40, 413brtr4d 4647 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ≤ (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)))
4327releabsd 14127 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)) ≤ (abs‘(𝑧𝑦)))
4423, 28, 29, 42, 43letrd 10141 . . 3 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ≤ (abs‘(𝑧𝑦)))
45 rlimrege0.4 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℂ)
46 rlimrege0.5 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵))
47 fveq2 6150 . . . . . 6 (𝑤 = 𝐵 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝐵))
4847breq2d 4627 . . . . 5 (𝑤 = 𝐵 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵)))
4948elrab 3347 . . . 4 (𝐵 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ↔ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵)))
5045, 46, 49sylanbrc 697 . . 3 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})
511, 2, 4, 22, 44, 50rlimcld2 14246 . 2 (𝜑𝐶 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})
52 fveq2 6150 . . . . 5 (𝑤 = 𝐶 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝐶))
5352breq2d 4627 . . . 4 (𝑤 = 𝐶 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶)))
5453elrab 3347 . . 3 (𝐶 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ↔ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶)))
5554simprbi 480 . 2 (𝐶 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶))
5651, 55syl 17 1 (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3   → wi 4   ↔ wb 196   ∧ wa 384   = wceq 1480   ∈ wcel 1987  {crab 2911   ∖ cdif 3553   ⊆ wss 3556   class class class wbr 4615   ↦ cmpt 4675  ‘cfv 5849  (class class class)co 6607  supcsup 8293  ℂcc 9881  ℝcr 9882  0cc0 9883  +∞cpnf 10018  ℝ*cxr 10020   < clt 10021   ≤ cle 10022   − cmin 10213  -cneg 10214  ℜcre 13774  abscabs 13911   ⇝𝑟 crli 14153 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1719  ax-4 1734  ax-5 1836  ax-6 1885  ax-7 1932  ax-8 1989  ax-9 1996  ax-10 2016  ax-11 2031  ax-12 2044  ax-13 2245  ax-ext 2601  ax-sep 4743  ax-nul 4751  ax-pow 4805  ax-pr 4869  ax-un 6905  ax-cnex 9939  ax-resscn 9940  ax-1cn 9941  ax-icn 9942  ax-addcl 9943  ax-addrcl 9944  ax-mulcl 9945  ax-mulrcl 9946  ax-mulcom 9947  ax-addass 9948  ax-mulass 9949  ax-distr 9950  ax-i2m1 9951  ax-1ne0 9952  ax-1rid 9953  ax-rnegex 9954  ax-rrecex 9955  ax-cnre 9956  ax-pre-lttri 9957  ax-pre-lttrn 9958  ax-pre-ltadd 9959  ax-pre-mulgt0 9960  ax-pre-sup 9961 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-3or 1037  df-3an 1038  df-tru 1483  df-ex 1702  df-nf 1707  df-sb 1878  df-eu 2473  df-mo 2474  df-clab 2608  df-cleq 2614  df-clel 2617  df-nfc 2750  df-ne 2791  df-nel 2894  df-ral 2912  df-rex 2913  df-reu 2914  df-rmo 2915  df-rab 2916  df-v 3188  df-sbc 3419  df-csb 3516  df-dif 3559  df-un 3561  df-in 3563  df-ss 3570  df-pss 3572  df-nul 3894  df-if 4061  df-pw 4134  df-sn 4151  df-pr 4153  df-tp 4155  df-op 4157  df-uni 4405  df-iun 4489  df-br 4616  df-opab 4676  df-mpt 4677  df-tr 4715  df-eprel 4987  df-id 4991  df-po 4997  df-so 4998  df-fr 5035  df-we 5037  df-xp 5082  df-rel 5083  df-cnv 5084  df-co 5085  df-dm 5086  df-rn 5087  df-res 5088  df-ima 5089  df-pred 5641  df-ord 5687  df-on 5688  df-lim 5689  df-suc 5690  df-iota 5812  df-fun 5851  df-fn 5852  df-f 5853  df-f1 5854  df-fo 5855  df-f1o 5856  df-fv 5857  df-riota 6568  df-ov 6610  df-oprab 6611  df-mpt2 6612  df-om 7016  df-2nd 7117  df-wrecs 7355  df-recs 7416  df-rdg 7454  df-er 7690  df-pm 7808  df-en 7903  df-dom 7904  df-sdom 7905  df-sup 8295  df-pnf 10023  df-mnf 10024  df-xr 10025  df-ltxr 10026  df-le 10027  df-sub 10215  df-neg 10216  df-div 10632  df-nn 10968  df-2 11026  df-3 11027  df-n0 11240  df-z 11325  df-uz 11635  df-rp 11780  df-seq 12745  df-exp 12804  df-cj 13776  df-re 13777  df-im 13778  df-sqrt 13912  df-abs 13913  df-rlim 14157 This theorem is referenced by:  rlimge0  14249
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