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Theorem serge0 12795
 Description: A finite sum of nonnegative terms is nonnegative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
serge0.1 (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))
serge0.2 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)
serge0.3 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → 0 ≤ (𝐹𝑘))
Assertion
Ref Expression
serge0 (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑘,𝐹   𝑘,𝑀   𝑘,𝑁   𝜑,𝑘

Proof of Theorem serge0
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 serge0.1 . . 3 (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))
2 serge0.2 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)
3 serge0.3 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → 0 ≤ (𝐹𝑘))
4 breq2 4617 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = (𝐹𝑘) → (0 ≤ 𝑥 ↔ 0 ≤ (𝐹𝑘)))
54elrab 3346 . . . 4 ((𝐹𝑘) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥} ↔ ((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ (𝐹𝑘)))
62, 3, 5sylanbrc 697 . . 3 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥})
7 breq2 4617 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝑘 → (0 ≤ 𝑥 ↔ 0 ≤ 𝑘))
87elrab 3346 . . . . 5 (𝑘 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥} ↔ (𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑘))
9 breq2 4617 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (0 ≤ 𝑥 ↔ 0 ≤ 𝑦))
109elrab 3346 . . . . 5 (𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥} ↔ (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑦))
11 readdcl 9963 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ) → (𝑘 + 𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
1211ad2ant2r 782 . . . . . 6 (((𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑘) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑦)) → (𝑘 + 𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
13 addge0 10461 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ) ∧ (0 ≤ 𝑘 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑦)) → 0 ≤ (𝑘 + 𝑦))
1413an4s 868 . . . . . 6 (((𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑘) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑦)) → 0 ≤ (𝑘 + 𝑦))
15 breq2 4617 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = (𝑘 + 𝑦) → (0 ≤ 𝑥 ↔ 0 ≤ (𝑘 + 𝑦)))
1615elrab 3346 . . . . . 6 ((𝑘 + 𝑦) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥} ↔ ((𝑘 + 𝑦) ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ (𝑘 + 𝑦)))
1712, 14, 16sylanbrc 697 . . . . 5 (((𝑘 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑘) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑦)) → (𝑘 + 𝑦) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥})
188, 10, 17syl2anb 496 . . . 4 ((𝑘 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥} ∧ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥}) → (𝑘 + 𝑦) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥})
1918adantl 482 . . 3 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑘 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥} ∧ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥})) → (𝑘 + 𝑦) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥})
201, 6, 19seqcl 12761 . 2 (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥})
21 breq2 4617 . . . 4 (𝑥 = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) → (0 ≤ 𝑥 ↔ 0 ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)))
2221elrab 3346 . . 3 ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥} ↔ ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)))
2322simprbi 480 . 2 ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥} → 0 ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁))
2420, 23syl 17 1 (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ∧ wa 384   ∈ wcel 1987  {crab 2911   class class class wbr 4613  ‘cfv 5847  (class class class)co 6604  ℝcr 9879  0cc0 9880   + caddc 9883   ≤ cle 10019  ℤ≥cuz 11631  ...cfz 12268  seqcseq 12741 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1719  ax-4 1734  ax-5 1836  ax-6 1885  ax-7 1932  ax-8 1989  ax-9 1996  ax-10 2016  ax-11 2031  ax-12 2044  ax-13 2245  ax-ext 2601  ax-sep 4741  ax-nul 4749  ax-pow 4803  ax-pr 4867  ax-un 6902  ax-cnex 9936  ax-resscn 9937  ax-1cn 9938  ax-icn 9939  ax-addcl 9940  ax-addrcl 9941  ax-mulcl 9942  ax-mulrcl 9943  ax-mulcom 9944  ax-addass 9945  ax-mulass 9946  ax-distr 9947  ax-i2m1 9948  ax-1ne0 9949  ax-1rid 9950  ax-rnegex 9951  ax-rrecex 9952  ax-cnre 9953  ax-pre-lttri 9954  ax-pre-lttrn 9955  ax-pre-ltadd 9956  ax-pre-mulgt0 9957 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-3or 1037  df-3an 1038  df-tru 1483  df-ex 1702  df-nf 1707  df-sb 1878  df-eu 2473  df-mo 2474  df-clab 2608  df-cleq 2614  df-clel 2617  df-nfc 2750  df-ne 2791  df-nel 2894  df-ral 2912  df-rex 2913  df-reu 2914  df-rab 2916  df-v 3188  df-sbc 3418  df-csb 3515  df-dif 3558  df-un 3560  df-in 3562  df-ss 3569  df-pss 3571  df-nul 3892  df-if 4059  df-pw 4132  df-sn 4149  df-pr 4151  df-tp 4153  df-op 4155  df-uni 4403  df-iun 4487  df-br 4614  df-opab 4674  df-mpt 4675  df-tr 4713  df-eprel 4985  df-id 4989  df-po 4995  df-so 4996  df-fr 5033  df-we 5035  df-xp 5080  df-rel 5081  df-cnv 5082  df-co 5083  df-dm 5084  df-rn 5085  df-res 5086  df-ima 5087  df-pred 5639  df-ord 5685  df-on 5686  df-lim 5687  df-suc 5688  df-iota 5810  df-fun 5849  df-fn 5850  df-f 5851  df-f1 5852  df-fo 5853  df-f1o 5854  df-fv 5855  df-riota 6565  df-ov 6607  df-oprab 6608  df-mpt2 6609  df-om 7013  df-1st 7113  df-2nd 7114  df-wrecs 7352  df-recs 7413  df-rdg 7451  df-er 7687  df-en 7900  df-dom 7901  df-sdom 7902  df-pnf 10020  df-mnf 10021  df-xr 10022  df-ltxr 10023  df-le 10024  df-sub 10212  df-neg 10213  df-nn 10965  df-n0 11237  df-z 11322  df-uz 11632  df-fz 12269  df-seq 12742 This theorem is referenced by:  serle  12796
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