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Theorem tfi 6826
Description: The Principle of Transfinite Induction. Theorem 7.17 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 39. This principle states that if 𝐴 is a class of ordinal numbers with the property that every ordinal number included in 𝐴 also belongs to 𝐴, then every ordinal number is in 𝐴.

See theorem tfindes 6835 or tfinds 6832 for the version involving basis and induction hypotheses. (Contributed by NM, 18-Feb-2004.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
tfi ((𝐴 ⊆ On ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ On (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴)) → 𝐴 = On)
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝐴

Proof of Theorem tfi
StepHypRef Expression
1 eldifn 3599 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴) → ¬ 𝑥𝐴)
21adantl 480 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝑥 ∈ On → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴)) → ¬ 𝑥𝐴)
3 eldifi 3598 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴) → 𝑥 ∈ On)
4 onss 6763 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑥 ∈ On → 𝑥 ⊆ On)
5 difin0ss 3803 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅ → (𝑥 ⊆ On → 𝑥𝐴))
64, 5syl5com 31 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑥 ∈ On → (((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅ → 𝑥𝐴))
76imim1d 79 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑥 ∈ On → ((𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴) → (((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅ → 𝑥𝐴)))
87a2i 14 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑥 ∈ On → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴)) → (𝑥 ∈ On → (((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅ → 𝑥𝐴)))
93, 8syl5 33 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑥 ∈ On → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴)) → (𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴) → (((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅ → 𝑥𝐴)))
109imp 443 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝑥 ∈ On → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴)) → (((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅ → 𝑥𝐴))
112, 10mtod 187 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑥 ∈ On → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴)) → ¬ ((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅)
1211ex 448 . . . . . 6 ((𝑥 ∈ On → (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴)) → (𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴) → ¬ ((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅))
1312ralimi2 2837 . . . . 5 (∀𝑥 ∈ On (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴) → ∀𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴) ¬ ((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅)
14 ralnex 2879 . . . . 5 (∀𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴) ¬ ((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅ ↔ ¬ ∃𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴)((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅)
1513, 14sylib 206 . . . 4 (∀𝑥 ∈ On (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴) → ¬ ∃𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴)((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅)
16 ssdif0 3799 . . . . . 6 (On ⊆ 𝐴 ↔ (On ∖ 𝐴) = ∅)
1716necon3bbii 2733 . . . . 5 (¬ On ⊆ 𝐴 ↔ (On ∖ 𝐴) ≠ ∅)
18 ordon 6755 . . . . . 6 Ord On
19 difss 3603 . . . . . 6 (On ∖ 𝐴) ⊆ On
20 tz7.5 5551 . . . . . 6 ((Ord On ∧ (On ∖ 𝐴) ⊆ On ∧ (On ∖ 𝐴) ≠ ∅) → ∃𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴)((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅)
2118, 19, 20mp3an12 1405 . . . . 5 ((On ∖ 𝐴) ≠ ∅ → ∃𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴)((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅)
2217, 21sylbi 205 . . . 4 (¬ On ⊆ 𝐴 → ∃𝑥 ∈ (On ∖ 𝐴)((On ∖ 𝐴) ∩ 𝑥) = ∅)
2315, 22nsyl2 140 . . 3 (∀𝑥 ∈ On (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴) → On ⊆ 𝐴)
2423anim2i 590 . 2 ((𝐴 ⊆ On ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ On (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴)) → (𝐴 ⊆ On ∧ On ⊆ 𝐴))
25 eqss 3487 . 2 (𝐴 = On ↔ (𝐴 ⊆ On ∧ On ⊆ 𝐴))
2624, 25sylibr 222 1 ((𝐴 ⊆ On ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ On (𝑥𝐴𝑥𝐴)) → 𝐴 = On)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 382   = wceq 1474  wcel 1938  wne 2684  wral 2800  wrex 2801  cdif 3441  cin 3443  wss 3444  c0 3777  Ord word 5529  Oncon0 5530
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1700  ax-4 1713  ax-5 1793  ax-6 1838  ax-7 1885  ax-8 1940  ax-9 1947  ax-10 1966  ax-11 1971  ax-12 1983  ax-13 2137  ax-ext 2494  ax-sep 4607  ax-nul 4616  ax-pr 4732  ax-un 6728
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 195  df-or 383  df-an 384  df-3or 1031  df-3an 1032  df-tru 1477  df-ex 1695  df-nf 1699  df-sb 1831  df-eu 2366  df-mo 2367  df-clab 2501  df-cleq 2507  df-clel 2510  df-nfc 2644  df-ne 2686  df-ral 2805  df-rex 2806  df-rab 2809  df-v 3079  df-sbc 3307  df-dif 3447  df-un 3449  df-in 3451  df-ss 3458  df-pss 3460  df-nul 3778  df-if 3940  df-sn 4029  df-pr 4031  df-tp 4033  df-op 4035  df-uni 4271  df-br 4482  df-opab 4542  df-tr 4579  df-eprel 4843  df-po 4853  df-so 4854  df-fr 4891  df-we 4893  df-ord 5533  df-on 5534
This theorem is referenced by:  tfis  6827  tfisg  30796
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