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Theorem uni0b 4434
Description: The union of a set is empty iff the set is included in the singleton of the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 12-Sep-2004.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
uni0b ( 𝐴 = ∅ ↔ 𝐴 ⊆ {∅})

Proof of Theorem uni0b
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 velsn 4169 . . 3 (𝑥 ∈ {∅} ↔ 𝑥 = ∅)
21ralbii 2979 . 2 (∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 ∈ {∅} ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 = ∅)
3 dfss3 3578 . 2 (𝐴 ⊆ {∅} ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 ∈ {∅})
4 neq0 3911 . . . 4 𝐴 = ∅ ↔ ∃𝑦 𝑦 𝐴)
5 rexcom4 3216 . . . . 5 (∃𝑥𝐴𝑦 𝑦𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑦𝑥𝐴 𝑦𝑥)
6 neq0 3911 . . . . . 6 𝑥 = ∅ ↔ ∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥)
76rexbii 3039 . . . . 5 (∃𝑥𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = ∅ ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦 𝑦𝑥)
8 eluni2 4411 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 𝐴 ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴 𝑦𝑥)
98exbii 1772 . . . . 5 (∃𝑦 𝑦 𝐴 ↔ ∃𝑦𝑥𝐴 𝑦𝑥)
105, 7, 93bitr4ri 293 . . . 4 (∃𝑦 𝑦 𝐴 ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = ∅)
11 rexnal 2994 . . . 4 (∃𝑥𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 = ∅ ↔ ¬ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 = ∅)
124, 10, 113bitri 286 . . 3 𝐴 = ∅ ↔ ¬ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 = ∅)
1312con4bii 311 . 2 ( 𝐴 = ∅ ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 = ∅)
142, 3, 133bitr4ri 293 1 ( 𝐴 = ∅ ↔ 𝐴 ⊆ {∅})
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wb 196   = wceq 1480  wex 1701  wcel 1992  wral 2912  wrex 2913  wss 3560  c0 3896  {csn 4153   cuni 4407
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1719  ax-4 1734  ax-5 1841  ax-6 1890  ax-7 1937  ax-9 2001  ax-10 2021  ax-11 2036  ax-12 2049  ax-13 2250  ax-ext 2606
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-tru 1483  df-ex 1702  df-nf 1707  df-sb 1883  df-clab 2613  df-cleq 2619  df-clel 2622  df-nfc 2756  df-ral 2917  df-rex 2918  df-v 3193  df-dif 3563  df-in 3567  df-ss 3574  df-nul 3897  df-sn 4154  df-uni 4408
This theorem is referenced by:  uni0c  4435  uni0  4436  fin1a2lem11  9177  zornn0g  9272  0top  20693  filconn  21592  alexsubALTlem2  21757  ordcmp  32080  unisn0  38693
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