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Theorem ialgcvg 11308
Description: One way to prove that an algorithm halts is to construct a countdown function  C : S --> NN0 whose value is guaranteed to decrease for each iteration of  F until it reaches  0. That is, if  X  e.  S is not a fixed point of  F, then  ( C `  ( F `  X ) )  <  ( C `
 X ).

If  C is a countdown function for algorithm  F, the sequence  ( C `  ( R `  k ) ) reaches  0 after at most  N steps, where  N is the value of  C for the initial state  A. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 22-Jun-2011.)

Hypotheses
Ref Expression
algcvg.1  |-  F : S
--> S
algcvg.2  |-  R  =  seq 0 ( ( F  o.  1st ) ,  ( NN0  X.  { A } ) ,  S )
algcvg.3  |-  C : S
--> NN0
algcvg.4  |-  ( z  e.  S  ->  (
( C `  ( F `  z )
)  =/=  0  -> 
( C `  ( F `  z )
)  <  ( C `  z ) ) )
algcvg.5  |-  N  =  ( C `  A
)
ialgcvg.s  |-  S  e.  V
Assertion
Ref Expression
ialgcvg  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  ( C `  ( R `  N ) )  =  0 )
Distinct variable groups:    z, C    z, F    z, R    z, S
Allowed substitution hints:    A( z)    N( z)    V( z)

Proof of Theorem ialgcvg
Dummy variable  k is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 nn0uz 9053 . . . 4  |-  NN0  =  ( ZZ>= `  0 )
2 algcvg.2 . . . 4  |-  R  =  seq 0 ( ( F  o.  1st ) ,  ( NN0  X.  { A } ) ,  S )
3 0zd 8762 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  0  e.  ZZ )
4 id 19 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  A  e.  S )
5 algcvg.1 . . . . 5  |-  F : S
--> S
65a1i 9 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  F : S --> S )
7 ialgcvg.s . . . . 5  |-  S  e.  V
87a1i 9 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  S  e.  V )
91, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8ialgrf 11305 . . 3  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  R : NN0 --> S )
10 algcvg.5 . . . 4  |-  N  =  ( C `  A
)
11 algcvg.3 . . . . 5  |-  C : S
--> NN0
1211ffvelrni 5433 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  ( C `  A )  e.  NN0 )
1310, 12syl5eqel 2174 . . 3  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  N  e.  NN0 )
14 fvco3 5375 . . 3  |-  ( ( R : NN0 --> S  /\  N  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( C  o.  R ) `  N
)  =  ( C `
 ( R `  N ) ) )
159, 13, 14syl2anc 403 . 2  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  (
( C  o.  R
) `  N )  =  ( C `  ( R `  N ) ) )
16 fco 5176 . . . 4  |-  ( ( C : S --> NN0  /\  R : NN0 --> S )  ->  ( C  o.  R ) : NN0 --> NN0 )
1711, 9, 16sylancr 405 . . 3  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  ( C  o.  R ) : NN0 --> NN0 )
18 0nn0 8688 . . . . . 6  |-  0  e.  NN0
19 fvco3 5375 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( R : NN0 --> S  /\  0  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( C  o.  R ) `  0
)  =  ( C `
 ( R ` 
0 ) ) )
209, 18, 19sylancl 404 . . . . 5  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  (
( C  o.  R
) `  0 )  =  ( C `  ( R `  0 ) ) )
211, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8ialgr0 11304 . . . . . 6  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  ( R `  0 )  =  A )
2221fveq2d 5309 . . . . 5  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  ( C `  ( R `  0 ) )  =  ( C `  A ) )
2320, 22eqtrd 2120 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  (
( C  o.  R
) `  0 )  =  ( C `  A ) )
2423, 10syl6reqr 2139 . . 3  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  N  =  ( ( C  o.  R ) ` 
0 ) )
259ffvelrnda 5434 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( A  e.  S  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( R `  k
)  e.  S )
26 fveq2 5305 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( z  =  ( R `  k )  ->  ( F `  z )  =  ( F `  ( R `  k ) ) )
2726fveq2d 5309 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( z  =  ( R `  k )  ->  ( C `  ( F `  z ) )  =  ( C `  ( F `  ( R `  k ) ) ) )
2827neeq1d 2273 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( z  =  ( R `  k )  ->  (
( C `  ( F `  z )
)  =/=  0  <->  ( C `  ( F `  ( R `  k
) ) )  =/=  0 ) )
29 fveq2 5305 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( z  =  ( R `  k )  ->  ( C `  z )  =  ( C `  ( R `  k ) ) )
3027, 29breq12d 3858 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( z  =  ( R `  k )  ->  (
( C `  ( F `  z )
)  <  ( C `  z )  <->  ( C `  ( F `  ( R `  k )
) )  <  ( C `  ( R `  k ) ) ) )
3128, 30imbi12d 232 . . . . . 6  |-  ( z  =  ( R `  k )  ->  (
( ( C `  ( F `  z ) )  =/=  0  -> 
( C `  ( F `  z )
)  <  ( C `  z ) )  <->  ( ( C `  ( F `  ( R `  k
) ) )  =/=  0  ->  ( C `  ( F `  ( R `  k )
) )  <  ( C `  ( R `  k ) ) ) ) )
32 algcvg.4 . . . . . 6  |-  ( z  e.  S  ->  (
( C `  ( F `  z )
)  =/=  0  -> 
( C `  ( F `  z )
)  <  ( C `  z ) ) )
3331, 32vtoclga 2685 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( R `  k )  e.  S  ->  (
( C `  ( F `  ( R `  k ) ) )  =/=  0  ->  ( C `  ( F `  ( R `  k
) ) )  < 
( C `  ( R `  k )
) ) )
3425, 33syl 14 . . . 4  |-  ( ( A  e.  S  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( C `  ( F `  ( R `
 k ) ) )  =/=  0  -> 
( C `  ( F `  ( R `  k ) ) )  <  ( C `  ( R `  k ) ) ) )
35 peano2nn0 8713 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( k  e.  NN0  ->  ( k  +  1 )  e. 
NN0 )
36 fvco3 5375 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( R : NN0 --> S  /\  ( k  +  1 )  e.  NN0 )  ->  ( ( C  o.  R ) `  (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( C `
 ( R `  ( k  +  1 ) ) ) )
379, 35, 36syl2an 283 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  e.  S  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( C  o.  R ) `  (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( C `
 ( R `  ( k  +  1 ) ) ) )
381, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8ialgrp1 11306 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  S  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( R `  (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( F `
 ( R `  k ) ) )
3938fveq2d 5309 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  e.  S  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( C `  ( R `  ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( C `
 ( F `  ( R `  k ) ) ) )
4037, 39eqtrd 2120 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( A  e.  S  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( C  o.  R ) `  (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( C `
 ( F `  ( R `  k ) ) ) )
4140neeq1d 2273 . . . 4  |-  ( ( A  e.  S  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( ( C  o.  R ) `  ( k  +  1 ) )  =/=  0  <->  ( C `  ( F `
 ( R `  k ) ) )  =/=  0 ) )
42 fvco3 5375 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( R : NN0 --> S  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( C  o.  R ) `  k
)  =  ( C `
 ( R `  k ) ) )
439, 42sylan 277 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( A  e.  S  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( C  o.  R ) `  k
)  =  ( C `
 ( R `  k ) ) )
4440, 43breq12d 3858 . . . 4  |-  ( ( A  e.  S  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( ( C  o.  R ) `  ( k  +  1 ) )  <  (
( C  o.  R
) `  k )  <->  ( C `  ( F `
 ( R `  k ) ) )  <  ( C `  ( R `  k ) ) ) )
4534, 41, 443imtr4d 201 . . 3  |-  ( ( A  e.  S  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( ( C  o.  R ) `  ( k  +  1 ) )  =/=  0  ->  ( ( C  o.  R ) `  (
k  +  1 ) )  <  ( ( C  o.  R ) `
 k ) ) )
4617, 24, 45nn0seqcvgd 11301 . 2  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  (
( C  o.  R
) `  N )  =  0 )
4715, 46eqtr3d 2122 1  |-  ( A  e.  S  ->  ( C `  ( R `  N ) )  =  0 )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    /\ wa 102    = wceq 1289    e. wcel 1438    =/= wne 2255   {csn 3446   class class class wbr 3845    X. cxp 4436    o. ccom 4442   -->wf 5011   ` cfv 5015  (class class class)co 5652   1stc1st 5909   0cc0 7350   1c1 7351    + caddc 7353    < clt 7522   NN0cn0 8673    seqcseq4 9851
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-in1 579  ax-in2 580  ax-io 665  ax-5 1381  ax-7 1382  ax-gen 1383  ax-ie1 1427  ax-ie2 1428  ax-8 1440  ax-10 1441  ax-11 1442  ax-i12 1443  ax-bndl 1444  ax-4 1445  ax-13 1449  ax-14 1450  ax-17 1464  ax-i9 1468  ax-ial 1472  ax-i5r 1473  ax-ext 2070  ax-coll 3954  ax-sep 3957  ax-nul 3965  ax-pow 4009  ax-pr 4036  ax-un 4260  ax-setind 4353  ax-iinf 4403  ax-cnex 7436  ax-resscn 7437  ax-1cn 7438  ax-1re 7439  ax-icn 7440  ax-addcl 7441  ax-addrcl 7442  ax-mulcl 7443  ax-addcom 7445  ax-addass 7447  ax-distr 7449  ax-i2m1 7450  ax-0lt1 7451  ax-0id 7453  ax-rnegex 7454  ax-cnre 7456  ax-pre-ltirr 7457  ax-pre-ltwlin 7458  ax-pre-lttrn 7459  ax-pre-apti 7460  ax-pre-ltadd 7461
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-dc 781  df-3or 925  df-3an 926  df-tru 1292  df-fal 1295  df-nf 1395  df-sb 1693  df-eu 1951  df-mo 1952  df-clab 2075  df-cleq 2081  df-clel 2084  df-nfc 2217  df-ne 2256  df-nel 2351  df-ral 2364  df-rex 2365  df-reu 2366  df-rab 2368  df-v 2621  df-sbc 2841  df-csb 2934  df-dif 3001  df-un 3003  df-in 3005  df-ss 3012  df-nul 3287  df-pw 3431  df-sn 3452  df-pr 3453  df-op 3455  df-uni 3654  df-int 3689  df-iun 3732  df-br 3846  df-opab 3900  df-mpt 3901  df-tr 3937  df-id 4120  df-iord 4193  df-on 4195  df-ilim 4196  df-suc 4198  df-iom 4406  df-xp 4444  df-rel 4445  df-cnv 4446  df-co 4447  df-dm 4448  df-rn 4449  df-res 4450  df-ima 4451  df-iota 4980  df-fun 5017  df-fn 5018  df-f 5019  df-f1 5020  df-fo 5021  df-f1o 5022  df-fv 5023  df-riota 5608  df-ov 5655  df-oprab 5656  df-mpt2 5657  df-1st 5911  df-2nd 5912  df-recs 6070  df-frec 6156  df-pnf 7524  df-mnf 7525  df-xr 7526  df-ltxr 7527  df-le 7528  df-sub 7655  df-neg 7656  df-inn 8423  df-n0 8674  df-z 8751  df-uz 9020  df-iseq 9853
This theorem is referenced by:  ialgcvga  11311
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