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Axiom ax-c9 34494
Description: Axiom of Quantifier Introduction. One of the equality and substitution axioms of predicate calculus with equality. Informally, it says that whenever 𝑧 is distinct from 𝑥 and 𝑦, and 𝑥 = 𝑦 is true, then 𝑥 = 𝑦 quantified with 𝑧 is also true. In other words, 𝑧 is irrelevant to the truth of 𝑥 = 𝑦. Axiom scheme C9' in [Megill] p. 448 (p. 16 of the preprint). It apparently does not otherwise appear in the literature but is easily proved from textbook predicate calculus by cases.

This axiom is obsolete and should no longer be used. It is proved above as theorem axc9 2338. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jan-1993.) (New usage is discouraged.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
ax-c9 (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 → (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)))

Detailed syntax breakdown of Axiom ax-c9
StepHypRef Expression
1 vz . . . . 5 setvar 𝑧
2 vx . . . . 5 setvar 𝑥
31, 2weq 1931 . . . 4 wff 𝑧 = 𝑥
43, 1wal 1521 . . 3 wff 𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥
54wn 3 . 2 wff ¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥
6 vy . . . . . 6 setvar 𝑦
71, 6weq 1931 . . . . 5 wff 𝑧 = 𝑦
87, 1wal 1521 . . . 4 wff 𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦
98wn 3 . . 3 wff ¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦
102, 6weq 1931 . . . 4 wff 𝑥 = 𝑦
1110, 1wal 1521 . . . 4 wff 𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦
1210, 11wi 4 . . 3 wff (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)
139, 12wi 4 . 2 wff (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦))
145, 13wi 4 1 wff (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 → (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
This axiom is referenced by:  equid1  34503  hbae-o  34507  ax13fromc9  34510  hbequid  34513  equid1ALT  34529  dvelimf-o  34533  ax5eq  34536
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