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Mirrors > Home > MPE Home > Th. List > df-nf | Structured version Visualization version GIF version |
Description: Define the not-free
predicate for wffs. This is read "𝑥 is not free
in 𝜑". Not-free means that the
value of 𝑥 cannot affect the
value of 𝜑, e.g., any occurrence of 𝑥 in
𝜑 is
effectively
bound by a "for all" or something that expands to one (such as
"there
exists"). In particular, substitution for a variable not free in a
wff
does not affect its value (sbf 2378). An example of where this is used is
stdpc5 2074. See nf5 2114 for an alternate definition which
involves nested
quantifiers on the same variable.
Not-free is a commonly used constraint, so it is useful to have a notation for it. Surprisingly, there is no common formal notation for it, so here we devise one. Our definition lets us work with the not-free notion within the logic itself rather than as a metalogical side condition. To be precise, our definition really means "effectively not free," because it is slightly less restrictive than the usual textbook definition for not-free (which only considers syntactic freedom). For example, 𝑥 is effectively not free in the formula 𝑥 = 𝑥 (see nfequid 1938), even though 𝑥 would be considered free in the usual textbook definition, because the value of 𝑥 in the formula 𝑥 = 𝑥 cannot affect the truth of that formula (and thus substitutions will not change the result). This definition of not-free tightly ties to the quantifier ∀𝑥. At this state (no axioms restricting quantifiers yet) 'non-free' appears quite arbitrary. Its intended semantics expresses single-valuedness (constness) across a parameter, but is only evolved as much as later axioms assign properties to quantifiers. It seems the definition here is best suited in situations, where axioms are only partially in effect. In particular, this definition more easily carries over to other logic models with weaker axiomization. The reverse implication of the definiens (the right hand side of the biconditional) always holds, see 19.2 1890. This predicate only applies to wffs. See df-nfc 2751 for a not-free predicate for class variables. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Sep-2016.) Converted to definition. (Revised by BJ, 6-May-2019.) |
Ref | Expression |
---|---|
df-nf | ⊢ (Ⅎ𝑥𝜑 ↔ (∃𝑥𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜑)) |
Step | Hyp | Ref | Expression |
---|---|---|---|
1 | wph | . . 3 wff 𝜑 | |
2 | vx | . . 3 setvar 𝑥 | |
3 | 1, 2 | wnf 1706 | . 2 wff Ⅎ𝑥𝜑 |
4 | 1, 2 | wex 1702 | . . 3 wff ∃𝑥𝜑 |
5 | 1, 2 | wal 1479 | . . 3 wff ∀𝑥𝜑 |
6 | 4, 5 | wi 4 | . 2 wff (∃𝑥𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜑) |
7 | 3, 6 | wb 196 | 1 wff (Ⅎ𝑥𝜑 ↔ (∃𝑥𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜑)) |
Colors of variables: wff setvar class |
This definition is referenced by: nf2 1709 nfi 1712 nfri 1713 nfd 1714 nfrd 1715 nftht 1716 19.38a 1765 19.38b 1766 nfbiit 1775 nfimt 1819 nfnf1 2029 nf5r 2062 19.9d 2068 nfbidf 2090 nf5 2114 nf6 2115 nfnf 2156 nfeqf2 2295 sbnf2 2437 dfnf5 3943 bj-alrimhi 32579 bj-ssbft 32617 |
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