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Theorem fcofo 5455
Description: An application is surjective if a section exists. Proposition 8 of [BourbakiEns] p. E.II.18. (Contributed by FL, 17-Nov-2011.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-Dec-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
fcofo ((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝑆:𝐵𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵)) → 𝐹:𝐴onto𝐵)

Proof of Theorem fcofo
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 simp1 939 . 2 ((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝑆:𝐵𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵)) → 𝐹:𝐴𝐵)
2 ffvelrn 5332 . . . . 5 ((𝑆:𝐵𝐴𝑦𝐵) → (𝑆𝑦) ∈ 𝐴)
323ad2antl2 1102 . . . 4 (((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝑆:𝐵𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → (𝑆𝑦) ∈ 𝐴)
4 simpl3 944 . . . . . 6 (((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝑆:𝐵𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵))
54fveq1d 5211 . . . . 5 (((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝑆:𝐵𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ((𝐹𝑆)‘𝑦) = (( I ↾ 𝐵)‘𝑦))
6 fvco3 5276 . . . . . 6 ((𝑆:𝐵𝐴𝑦𝐵) → ((𝐹𝑆)‘𝑦) = (𝐹‘(𝑆𝑦)))
763ad2antl2 1102 . . . . 5 (((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝑆:𝐵𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ((𝐹𝑆)‘𝑦) = (𝐹‘(𝑆𝑦)))
8 fvresi 5388 . . . . . 6 (𝑦𝐵 → (( I ↾ 𝐵)‘𝑦) = 𝑦)
98adantl 271 . . . . 5 (((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝑆:𝐵𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → (( I ↾ 𝐵)‘𝑦) = 𝑦)
105, 7, 93eqtr3rd 2123 . . . 4 (((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝑆:𝐵𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → 𝑦 = (𝐹‘(𝑆𝑦)))
11 fveq2 5209 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = (𝑆𝑦) → (𝐹𝑥) = (𝐹‘(𝑆𝑦)))
1211eqeq2d 2093 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = (𝑆𝑦) → (𝑦 = (𝐹𝑥) ↔ 𝑦 = (𝐹‘(𝑆𝑦))))
1312rspcev 2702 . . . 4 (((𝑆𝑦) ∈ 𝐴𝑦 = (𝐹‘(𝑆𝑦))) → ∃𝑥𝐴 𝑦 = (𝐹𝑥))
143, 10, 13syl2anc 403 . . 3 (((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝑆:𝐵𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵)) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ∃𝑥𝐴 𝑦 = (𝐹𝑥))
1514ralrimiva 2435 . 2 ((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝑆:𝐵𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵)) → ∀𝑦𝐵𝑥𝐴 𝑦 = (𝐹𝑥))
16 dffo3 5346 . 2 (𝐹:𝐴onto𝐵 ↔ (𝐹:𝐴𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐵𝑥𝐴 𝑦 = (𝐹𝑥)))
171, 15, 16sylanbrc 408 1 ((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝑆:𝐵𝐴 ∧ (𝐹𝑆) = ( I ↾ 𝐵)) → 𝐹:𝐴onto𝐵)
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 102  w3a 920   = wceq 1285  wcel 1434  wral 2349  wrex 2350   I cid 4051  cres 4373  ccom 4375  wf 4928  ontowfo 4930  cfv 4932
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-io 663  ax-5 1377  ax-7 1378  ax-gen 1379  ax-ie1 1423  ax-ie2 1424  ax-8 1436  ax-10 1437  ax-11 1438  ax-i12 1439  ax-bndl 1440  ax-4 1441  ax-14 1446  ax-17 1460  ax-i9 1464  ax-ial 1468  ax-i5r 1469  ax-ext 2064  ax-sep 3904  ax-pow 3956  ax-pr 3972
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-3an 922  df-tru 1288  df-nf 1391  df-sb 1687  df-eu 1945  df-mo 1946  df-clab 2069  df-cleq 2075  df-clel 2078  df-nfc 2209  df-ral 2354  df-rex 2355  df-v 2604  df-sbc 2817  df-un 2978  df-in 2980  df-ss 2987  df-pw 3392  df-sn 3412  df-pr 3413  df-op 3415  df-uni 3610  df-br 3794  df-opab 3848  df-mpt 3849  df-id 4056  df-xp 4377  df-rel 4378  df-cnv 4379  df-co 4380  df-dm 4381  df-rn 4382  df-res 4383  df-ima 4384  df-iota 4897  df-fun 4934  df-fn 4935  df-f 4936  df-fo 4938  df-fv 4940
This theorem is referenced by:  fcof1o  5460
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