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Axiom ax-rep 4762
Description: Axiom of Replacement. An axiom scheme of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory. Axiom 5 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 19. It tells us that the image of any set under a function is also a set (see the variant funimaex 5964). Although 𝜑 may be any wff whatsoever, this axiom is useful (i.e. its antecedent is satisfied) when we are given some function and 𝜑 encodes the predicate "the value of the function at 𝑤 is 𝑧." Thus, 𝜑 will ordinarily have free variables 𝑤 and 𝑧- think of it informally as 𝜑(𝑤, 𝑧). We prefix 𝜑 with the quantifier 𝑦 in order to "protect" the axiom from any 𝜑 containing 𝑦, thus allowing us to eliminate any restrictions on 𝜑. Another common variant is derived as axrep5 4767, where you can find some further remarks. A slightly more compact version is shown as axrep2 4764. A quite different variant is zfrep6 7119, which if used in place of ax-rep 4762 would also require that the Separation Scheme axsep 4771 be stated as a separate axiom.

There is a very strong generalization of Replacement that doesn't demand function-like behavior of 𝜑. Two versions of this generalization are called the Collection Principle cp 8739 and the Boundedness Axiom bnd 8740.

Many developments of set theory distinguish the uses of Replacement from uses of the weaker axioms of Separation axsep 4771, Null Set axnul 4779, and Pairing axpr 4896, all of which we derive from Replacement. In order to make it easier to identify the uses of those redundant axioms, we restate them as axioms ax-sep 4772, ax-nul 4780, and ax-pr 4897 below the theorems that prove them. (Contributed by NM, 23-Dec-1993.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
ax-rep (∀𝑤𝑦𝑧(∀𝑦𝜑𝑧 = 𝑦) → ∃𝑦𝑧(𝑧𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑤(𝑤𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜑)))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑤
Allowed substitution hints:   𝜑(𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑤)

Detailed syntax breakdown of Axiom ax-rep
StepHypRef Expression
1 wph . . . . . . 7 wff 𝜑
2 vy . . . . . . 7 setvar 𝑦
31, 2wal 1479 . . . . . 6 wff 𝑦𝜑
4 vz . . . . . . 7 setvar 𝑧
54, 2weq 1872 . . . . . 6 wff 𝑧 = 𝑦
63, 5wi 4 . . . . 5 wff (∀𝑦𝜑𝑧 = 𝑦)
76, 4wal 1479 . . . 4 wff 𝑧(∀𝑦𝜑𝑧 = 𝑦)
87, 2wex 1702 . . 3 wff 𝑦𝑧(∀𝑦𝜑𝑧 = 𝑦)
9 vw . . 3 setvar 𝑤
108, 9wal 1479 . 2 wff 𝑤𝑦𝑧(∀𝑦𝜑𝑧 = 𝑦)
114, 2wel 1989 . . . . 5 wff 𝑧𝑦
12 vx . . . . . . . 8 setvar 𝑥
139, 12wel 1989 . . . . . . 7 wff 𝑤𝑥
1413, 3wa 384 . . . . . 6 wff (𝑤𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜑)
1514, 9wex 1702 . . . . 5 wff 𝑤(𝑤𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜑)
1611, 15wb 196 . . . 4 wff (𝑧𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑤(𝑤𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜑))
1716, 4wal 1479 . . 3 wff 𝑧(𝑧𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑤(𝑤𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜑))
1817, 2wex 1702 . 2 wff 𝑦𝑧(𝑧𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑤(𝑤𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜑))
1910, 18wi 4 1 wff (∀𝑤𝑦𝑧(∀𝑦𝜑𝑧 = 𝑦) → ∃𝑦𝑧(𝑧𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑤(𝑤𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝜑)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
This axiom is referenced by:  axrep1  4763  axnulALT  4778  bj-axrep1  32763  bj-snsetex  32926
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