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Axiom ax-i12 1450
 Description: Axiom of Quantifier Introduction. One of the equality and substitution axioms of predicate calculus with equality. Informally, it says that whenever 𝑧 is distinct from 𝑥 and 𝑦, and 𝑥 = 𝑦 is true, then 𝑥 = 𝑦 quantified with 𝑧 is also true. In other words, 𝑧 is irrelevant to the truth of 𝑥 = 𝑦. Axiom scheme C9' in [Megill] p. 448 (p. 16 of the preprint). It apparently does not otherwise appear in the literature but is easily proved from textbook predicate calculus by cases. This axiom has been modified from the original ax-12 1454 for compatibility with intuitionistic logic. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Jan-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
ax-i12 (∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 ∨ (∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 ∨ ∀𝑧(𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)))

Detailed syntax breakdown of Axiom ax-i12
StepHypRef Expression
1 vz . . . 4 setvar 𝑧
2 vx . . . 4 setvar 𝑥
31, 2weq 1444 . . 3 wff 𝑧 = 𝑥
43, 1wal 1294 . 2 wff 𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥
5 vy . . . . 5 setvar 𝑦
61, 5weq 1444 . . . 4 wff 𝑧 = 𝑦
76, 1wal 1294 . . 3 wff 𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦
82, 5weq 1444 . . . . 5 wff 𝑥 = 𝑦
98, 1wal 1294 . . . . 5 wff 𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦
108, 9wi 4 . . . 4 wff (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)
1110, 1wal 1294 . . 3 wff 𝑧(𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)
127, 11wo 667 . 2 wff (∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 ∨ ∀𝑧(𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦))
134, 12wo 667 1 wff (∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 ∨ (∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 ∨ ∀𝑧(𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)))
 Colors of variables: wff set class This axiom is referenced by:  ax-12  1454  ax12or  1455  dveeq2  1750  dveeq2or  1751  dvelimALT  1941  dvelimfv  1942
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