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Axiom ax-i12 1441
Description: Axiom of Quantifier Introduction. One of the equality and substitution axioms of predicate calculus with equality. Informally, it says that whenever  z is distinct from  x and  y, and  x  =  y is true, then  x  =  y quantified with  z is also true. In other words,  z is irrelevant to the truth of 
x  =  y. Axiom scheme C9' in [Megill] p. 448 (p. 16 of the preprint). It apparently does not otherwise appear in the literature but is easily proved from textbook predicate calculus by cases.

This axiom has been modified from the original ax-12 1445 for compatibility with intuitionistic logic. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Jan-2015.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
ax-i12  |-  ( A. z  z  =  x  \/  ( A. z  z  =  y  \/  A. z ( x  =  y  ->  A. z  x  =  y )
) )

Detailed syntax breakdown of Axiom ax-i12
StepHypRef Expression
1 vz . . . 4  setvar  z
2 vx . . . 4  setvar  x
31, 2weq 1435 . . 3  wff  z  =  x
43, 1wal 1285 . 2  wff  A. z 
z  =  x
5 vy . . . . 5  setvar  y
61, 5weq 1435 . . . 4  wff  z  =  y
76, 1wal 1285 . . 3  wff  A. z 
z  =  y
82, 5weq 1435 . . . . 5  wff  x  =  y
98, 1wal 1285 . . . . 5  wff  A. z  x  =  y
108, 9wi 4 . . . 4  wff  ( x  =  y  ->  A. z  x  =  y )
1110, 1wal 1285 . . 3  wff  A. z
( x  =  y  ->  A. z  x  =  y )
127, 11wo 662 . 2  wff  ( A. z  z  =  y  \/  A. z ( x  =  y  ->  A. z  x  =  y )
)
134, 12wo 662 1  wff  ( A. z  z  =  x  \/  ( A. z  z  =  y  \/  A. z ( x  =  y  ->  A. z  x  =  y )
) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
This axiom is referenced by:  ax-12  1445  ax12or  1446  dveeq2  1740  dveeq2or  1741  dvelimALT  1931  dvelimfv  1932
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