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Theorem ertr 6187
Description: An equivalence relation is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jun-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
ersymb.1 (𝜑𝑅 Er 𝑋)
Assertion
Ref Expression
ertr (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐴𝑅𝐶))

Proof of Theorem ertr
Dummy variable 𝑥 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 ersymb.1 . . . . . . 7 (𝜑𝑅 Er 𝑋)
2 errel 6181 . . . . . . 7 (𝑅 Er 𝑋 → Rel 𝑅)
31, 2syl 14 . . . . . 6 (𝜑 → Rel 𝑅)
4 simpr 108 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐵𝑅𝐶)
5 brrelex 4408 . . . . . 6 ((Rel 𝑅𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐵 ∈ V)
63, 4, 5syl2an 283 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → 𝐵 ∈ V)
7 simpr 108 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶))
8 breq2 3797 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝐴𝑅𝑥𝐴𝑅𝐵))
9 breq1 3796 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝑥𝑅𝐶𝐵𝑅𝐶))
108, 9anbi12d 457 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝐵 → ((𝐴𝑅𝑥𝑥𝑅𝐶) ↔ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)))
1110spcegv 2687 . . . . 5 (𝐵 ∈ V → ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → ∃𝑥(𝐴𝑅𝑥𝑥𝑅𝐶)))
126, 7, 11sylc 61 . . . 4 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → ∃𝑥(𝐴𝑅𝑥𝑥𝑅𝐶))
13 simpl 107 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐴𝑅𝐵)
14 brrelex 4408 . . . . . 6 ((Rel 𝑅𝐴𝑅𝐵) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
153, 13, 14syl2an 283 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
16 brrelex2 4409 . . . . . 6 ((Rel 𝑅𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐶 ∈ V)
173, 4, 16syl2an 283 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → 𝐶 ∈ V)
18 brcog 4530 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ 𝐶 ∈ V) → (𝐴(𝑅𝑅)𝐶 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝐴𝑅𝑥𝑥𝑅𝐶)))
1915, 17, 18syl2anc 403 . . . 4 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → (𝐴(𝑅𝑅)𝐶 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝐴𝑅𝑥𝑥𝑅𝐶)))
2012, 19mpbird 165 . . 3 ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶)) → 𝐴(𝑅𝑅)𝐶)
2120ex 113 . 2 (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐴(𝑅𝑅)𝐶))
22 df-er 6172 . . . . . 6 (𝑅 Er 𝑋 ↔ (Rel 𝑅 ∧ dom 𝑅 = 𝑋 ∧ (𝑅 ∪ (𝑅𝑅)) ⊆ 𝑅))
2322simp3bi 956 . . . . 5 (𝑅 Er 𝑋 → (𝑅 ∪ (𝑅𝑅)) ⊆ 𝑅)
241, 23syl 14 . . . 4 (𝜑 → (𝑅 ∪ (𝑅𝑅)) ⊆ 𝑅)
2524unssbd 3151 . . 3 (𝜑 → (𝑅𝑅) ⊆ 𝑅)
2625ssbrd 3834 . 2 (𝜑 → (𝐴(𝑅𝑅)𝐶𝐴𝑅𝐶))
2721, 26syld 44 1 (𝜑 → ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝐵𝑅𝐶) → 𝐴𝑅𝐶))
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 102  wb 103   = wceq 1285  wex 1422  wcel 1434  Vcvv 2602  cun 2972  wss 2974   class class class wbr 3793  ccnv 4370  dom cdm 4371  ccom 4375  Rel wrel 4376   Er wer 6169
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-io 663  ax-5 1377  ax-7 1378  ax-gen 1379  ax-ie1 1423  ax-ie2 1424  ax-8 1436  ax-10 1437  ax-11 1438  ax-i12 1439  ax-bndl 1440  ax-4 1441  ax-14 1446  ax-17 1460  ax-i9 1464  ax-ial 1468  ax-i5r 1469  ax-ext 2064  ax-sep 3904  ax-pow 3956  ax-pr 3972
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-3an 922  df-tru 1288  df-nf 1391  df-sb 1687  df-eu 1945  df-mo 1946  df-clab 2069  df-cleq 2075  df-clel 2078  df-nfc 2209  df-ral 2354  df-rex 2355  df-v 2604  df-un 2978  df-in 2980  df-ss 2987  df-pw 3392  df-sn 3412  df-pr 3413  df-op 3415  df-br 3794  df-opab 3848  df-xp 4377  df-rel 4378  df-co 4380  df-er 6172
This theorem is referenced by:  ertrd  6188  erth  6216  iinerm  6244  entr  6331
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