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Mirrors > Home > MPE Home > Th. List > Mathboxes > ax-c9 | Structured version Visualization version GIF version |
Description: Axiom of Quantifier
Introduction. One of the equality and substitution
axioms of predicate calculus with equality. Informally, it says that
whenever 𝑧 is distinct from 𝑥 and
𝑦,
and 𝑥 =
𝑦 is true,
then 𝑥 = 𝑦 quantified with 𝑧 is also
true. In other words, 𝑧
is irrelevant to the truth of 𝑥 = 𝑦. Axiom scheme C9' in [Megill]
p. 448 (p. 16 of the preprint). It apparently does not otherwise appear
in the literature but is easily proved from textbook predicate calculus by
cases.
This axiom is obsolete and should no longer be used. It is proved above as theorem axc9 2310. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jan-1993.) (New usage is discouraged.) |
Ref | Expression |
---|---|
ax-c9 | ⊢ (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 → (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦))) |
Step | Hyp | Ref | Expression |
---|---|---|---|
1 | vz | . . . . 5 setvar 𝑧 | |
2 | vx | . . . . 5 setvar 𝑥 | |
3 | 1, 2 | weq 1922 | . . . 4 wff 𝑧 = 𝑥 |
4 | 3, 1 | wal 1505 | . . 3 wff ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 |
5 | 4 | wn 3 | . 2 wff ¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 |
6 | vy | . . . . . 6 setvar 𝑦 | |
7 | 1, 6 | weq 1922 | . . . . 5 wff 𝑧 = 𝑦 |
8 | 7, 1 | wal 1505 | . . . 4 wff ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 |
9 | 8 | wn 3 | . . 3 wff ¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 |
10 | 2, 6 | weq 1922 | . . . 4 wff 𝑥 = 𝑦 |
11 | 10, 1 | wal 1505 | . . . 4 wff ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦 |
12 | 10, 11 | wi 4 | . . 3 wff (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦) |
13 | 9, 12 | wi 4 | . 2 wff (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)) |
14 | 5, 13 | wi 4 | 1 wff (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 → (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦))) |
Colors of variables: wff setvar class |
This axiom is referenced by: equid1 35428 hbae-o 35432 ax13fromc9 35435 hbequid 35438 equid1ALT 35454 dvelimf-o 35458 ax5eq 35461 |
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