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Axiom ax-c9 34697
Description: Axiom of Quantifier Introduction. One of the equality and substitution axioms of predicate calculus with equality. Informally, it says that whenever 𝑧 is distinct from 𝑥 and 𝑦, and 𝑥 = 𝑦 is true, then 𝑥 = 𝑦 quantified with 𝑧 is also true. In other words, 𝑧 is irrelevant to the truth of 𝑥 = 𝑦. Axiom scheme C9' in [Megill] p. 448 (p. 16 of the preprint). It apparently does not otherwise appear in the literature but is easily proved from textbook predicate calculus by cases.

This axiom is obsolete and should no longer be used. It is proved above as theorem axc9 2458. (Contributed by NM, 10-Jan-1993.) (New usage is discouraged.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
ax-c9 (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 → (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)))

Detailed syntax breakdown of Axiom ax-c9
StepHypRef Expression
1 vz . . . . 5 setvar 𝑧
2 vx . . . . 5 setvar 𝑥
31, 2weq 2043 . . . 4 wff 𝑧 = 𝑥
43, 1wal 1629 . . 3 wff 𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥
54wn 3 . 2 wff ¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥
6 vy . . . . . 6 setvar 𝑦
71, 6weq 2043 . . . . 5 wff 𝑧 = 𝑦
87, 1wal 1629 . . . 4 wff 𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦
98wn 3 . . 3 wff ¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦
102, 6weq 2043 . . . 4 wff 𝑥 = 𝑦
1110, 1wal 1629 . . . 4 wff 𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦
1210, 11wi 4 . . 3 wff (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)
139, 12wi 4 . 2 wff (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦))
145, 13wi 4 1 wff (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑥 → (¬ ∀𝑧 𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ∀𝑧 𝑥 = 𝑦)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
This axiom is referenced by:  equid1  34706  hbae-o  34710  ax13fromc9  34713  hbequid  34716  equid1ALT  34732  dvelimf-o  34736  ax5eq  34739
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