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Theorem qexmid 2193
Description: Quantified excluded middle (see exmid 892). Also known as the drinker paradox (if 𝜑(𝑥) is interpreted as "𝑥 drinks", then this theorem tells that there exists a person such that, if this person drinks, then everyone drinks). Exercise 9.2a of Boolos, p. 111, Computability and Logic. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2000.)
Ref Expression
qexmid 𝑥(𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜑)

Proof of Theorem qexmid
StepHypRef Expression
1 19.8a 2181 . 2 (∀𝑥𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝑥𝜑)
2119.35ri 1881 1 𝑥(𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜑)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wal 1536  wex 1781
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1912  ax-6 1971  ax-7 2016  ax-12 2178
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-ex 1782
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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