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Theorem zfreg 8665
Description: The Axiom of Regularity using abbreviations. Axiom 6 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 21. This is called the "weak form." Axiom Reg of [BellMachover] p. 480. There is also a "strong form," not requiring that 𝐴 be a set, that can be proved with more difficulty (see zfregs 8781). (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-1995.) Replace sethood hypothesis with sethood antecedent. (Revised by BJ, 27-Apr-2021.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
zfreg ((𝐴𝑉𝐴 ≠ ∅) → ∃𝑥𝐴 (𝑥𝐴) = ∅)
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝐴
Allowed substitution hint:   𝑉(𝑥)

Proof of Theorem zfreg
Dummy variable 𝑦 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 n0 4074 . . . 4 (𝐴 ≠ ∅ ↔ ∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴)
21biimpi 206 . . 3 (𝐴 ≠ ∅ → ∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴)
32anim2i 594 . 2 ((𝐴𝑉𝐴 ≠ ∅) → (𝐴𝑉 ∧ ∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴))
4 zfregcl 8664 . . 3 (𝐴𝑉 → (∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴 → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝑥 ¬ 𝑦𝐴))
54imp 444 . 2 ((𝐴𝑉 ∧ ∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝑥 ¬ 𝑦𝐴)
6 disj 4160 . . . 4 ((𝑥𝐴) = ∅ ↔ ∀𝑦𝑥 ¬ 𝑦𝐴)
76rexbii 3179 . . 3 (∃𝑥𝐴 (𝑥𝐴) = ∅ ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝑥 ¬ 𝑦𝐴)
87biimpri 218 . 2 (∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝑥 ¬ 𝑦𝐴 → ∃𝑥𝐴 (𝑥𝐴) = ∅)
93, 5, 83syl 18 1 ((𝐴𝑉𝐴 ≠ ∅) → ∃𝑥𝐴 (𝑥𝐴) = ∅)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 383   = wceq 1632  wex 1853  wcel 2139  wne 2932  wral 3050  wrex 3051  cin 3714  c0 4058
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-reg 8662
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-tru 1635  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-v 3342  df-dif 3718  df-in 3722  df-nul 4059
This theorem is referenced by:  zfregfr  8674  en3lp  8682  inf3lem3  8700  bj-restreg  33358  setindtr  38093
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