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Definition df-sbc 3047
Description: Define the proper substitution of a class for a set.

When A is a proper class, our definition evaluates to false. This is somewhat arbitrary: we could have, instead, chosen the conclusion of sbc6 3072 for our definition, which always evaluates to true for proper classes.

Our definition also does not produce the same results as discussed in the proof of Theorem 6.6 of [Quine] p. 42 (although Theorem 6.6 itself does hold, as shown by dfsbcq 3048 below). For example, if A is a proper class, Quine's substitution of A for y in 0 y evaluates to 0 A rather than our falsehood. (This can be seen by substituting A, y, and 0 for alpha, beta, and gamma in Subcase 1 of Quine's discussion on p. 42.) Unfortunately, Quine's definition requires a recursive syntactical breakdown of φ, and it does not seem possible to express it with a single closed formula.

If we did not want to commit to any specific proper class behavior, we could use this definition only to prove theorem dfsbcq 3048, which holds for both our definition and Quine's, and from which we can derive a weaker version of df-sbc 3047 in the form of sbc8g 3053. However, the behavior of Quine's definition at proper classes is similarly arbitrary, and for practical reasons (to avoid having to prove sethood of A in every use of this definition) we allow direct reference to df-sbc 3047 and assert that A / xφ is always false when A is a proper class.

The theorem sbc2or 3054 shows the apparently "strongest" statement we can make regarding behavior at proper classes if we start from dfsbcq 3048.

The related definition df-csb 3137 defines proper substitution into a class variable (as opposed to a wff variable). (Contributed by NM, 14-Apr-1995.) (Revised by NM, 25-Dec-2016.)

Ref Expression
df-sbc ([̣A / xφA {x φ})

Detailed syntax breakdown of Definition df-sbc
StepHypRef Expression
1 wph . . 3 wff φ
2 vx . . 3 setvar x
3 cA . . 3 class A
41, 2, 3wsbc 3046 . 2 wff A / xφ
51, 2cab 2339 . . 3 class {x φ}
63, 5wcel 1710 . 2 wff A {x φ}
74, 6wb 176 1 wff ([̣A / xφA {x φ})
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
This definition is referenced by:  dfsbcq  3048  dfsbcq2  3049  sbcex  3055  nfsbc1d  3063  nfsbcd  3066  cbvsbc  3074  sbcbid  3099  intab  3956  iotacl  4362  brab1  4684
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