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Theorem meredith 1644
 Description: Carew Meredith's sole axiom for propositional calculus. This amazing formula is thought to be the shortest possible single axiom for propositional calculus with inference rule ax-mp 5, where negation and implication are primitive. Here we prove Meredith's axiom from ax-1 6, ax-2 7, and ax-3 8. Then from it we derive the Lukasiewicz axioms luk-1 1658, luk-2 1659, and luk-3 1660. Using these we finally rederive our axioms as ax1 1669, ax2 1670, and ax3 1671, thus proving the equivalence of all three systems. C. A. Meredith, "Single Axioms for the Systems (C,N), (C,O) and (A,N) of the Two-Valued Propositional Calculus", The Journal of Computing Systems vol. 1 (1953), pp. 155-164. Meredith claimed to be close to a proof that this axiom is the shortest possible, but the proof was apparently never completed. An obscure Irish lecturer, Meredith (1904-1976) became enamored with logic somewhat late in life after attending talks by Lukasiewicz and produced many remarkable results such as this axiom. From his obituary: "He did logic whenever time and opportunity presented themselves, and he did it on whatever materials came to hand: in a pub, his favored pint of porter within reach, he would use the inside of cigarette packs to write proofs for logical colleagues." (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2002.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 28-May-2013.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
meredith (((((𝜑𝜓) → (¬ 𝜒 → ¬ 𝜃)) → 𝜒) → 𝜏) → ((𝜏𝜑) → (𝜃𝜑)))

Proof of Theorem meredith
StepHypRef Expression
1 pm2.21 123 . . . . . . 7 𝜑 → (𝜑𝜓))
2 con4 113 . . . . . . 7 ((¬ 𝜒 → ¬ 𝜃) → (𝜃𝜒))
31, 2imim12i 62 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝜓) → (¬ 𝜒 → ¬ 𝜃)) → (¬ 𝜑 → (𝜃𝜒)))
43com13 88 . . . . 5 (𝜃 → (¬ 𝜑 → (((𝜑𝜓) → (¬ 𝜒 → ¬ 𝜃)) → 𝜒)))
54con1d 147 . . . 4 (𝜃 → (¬ (((𝜑𝜓) → (¬ 𝜒 → ¬ 𝜃)) → 𝜒) → 𝜑))
65com12 32 . . 3 (¬ (((𝜑𝜓) → (¬ 𝜒 → ¬ 𝜃)) → 𝜒) → (𝜃𝜑))
76a1d 25 . 2 (¬ (((𝜑𝜓) → (¬ 𝜒 → ¬ 𝜃)) → 𝜒) → ((𝜏𝜑) → (𝜃𝜑)))
8 ax-1 6 . . 3 (𝜏 → (𝜃𝜏))
98imim1d 82 . 2 (𝜏 → ((𝜏𝜑) → (𝜃𝜑)))
107, 9ja 189 1 (((((𝜑𝜓) → (¬ 𝜒 → ¬ 𝜃)) → 𝜒) → 𝜏) → ((𝜏𝜑) → (𝜃𝜑)))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3   → wi 4 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8 This theorem is referenced by:  merlem1  1645  merlem2  1646  merlem3  1647  merlem4  1648  merlem5  1649  merlem7  1651  merlem8  1652  merlem9  1653  merlem10  1654  merlem11  1655  merlem13  1657  luk-1  1658  luk-2  1659  merco1  1716
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