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Definition df-sum 15039
Description: Define the sum of a series with an index set of integers 𝐴. 𝑘 is normally a free variable in 𝐵, i.e. 𝐵 can be thought of as 𝐵(𝑘). This definition is the result of a collection of discussions over the most general definition for a sum that does not need the index set to have a specified ordering. This definition is in two parts, one for finite sums and one for subsets of the upper integers. When summing over a subset of the upper integers, we extend the index set to the upper integers by adding zero outside the domain, and then sum the set in order, setting the result to the limit of the partial sums, if it exists. This means that conditionally convergent sums can be evaluated meaningfully. For finite sums, we are explicitly order-independent, by picking any bijection to a 1-based finite sequence and summing in the induced order. These two methods of summation produce the same result on their common region of definition (i.e. finite sets of integers) by summo 15070. Examples: Σ𝑘 ∈ {1, 2, 4} 𝑘 means 1 + 2 + 4 = 7, and Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ (1 / (2↑𝑘)) = 1 means 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8 + ... = 1 (geoihalfsum 15234). (Contributed by NM, 11-Dec-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jun-2019.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
df-sum Σ𝑘𝐴 𝐵 = (℩𝑥(∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝐴 ⊆ (ℤ𝑚) ∧ seq𝑚( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑛𝐴, 𝑛 / 𝑘𝐵, 0))) ⇝ 𝑥) ∨ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑓(𝑓:(1...𝑚)–1-1-onto𝐴𝑥 = (seq1( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵))‘𝑚))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑓,𝑘,𝑚,𝑛,𝑥   𝐴,𝑓,𝑚,𝑛,𝑥   𝐵,𝑓,𝑚,𝑛,𝑥
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐴(𝑘)   𝐵(𝑘)

Detailed syntax breakdown of Definition df-sum
StepHypRef Expression
1 cA . . 3 class 𝐴
2 cB . . 3 class 𝐵
3 vk . . 3 setvar 𝑘
41, 2, 3csu 15038 . 2 class Σ𝑘𝐴 𝐵
5 vm . . . . . . . . 9 setvar 𝑚
65cv 1537 . . . . . . . 8 class 𝑚
7 cuz 12235 . . . . . . . 8 class
86, 7cfv 6328 . . . . . . 7 class (ℤ𝑚)
91, 8wss 3884 . . . . . 6 wff 𝐴 ⊆ (ℤ𝑚)
10 caddc 10533 . . . . . . . 8 class +
11 vn . . . . . . . . 9 setvar 𝑛
12 cz 11973 . . . . . . . . 9 class
1311cv 1537 . . . . . . . . . . 11 class 𝑛
1413, 1wcel 2112 . . . . . . . . . 10 wff 𝑛𝐴
153, 13, 2csb 3831 . . . . . . . . . 10 class 𝑛 / 𝑘𝐵
16 cc0 10530 . . . . . . . . . 10 class 0
1714, 15, 16cif 4428 . . . . . . . . 9 class if(𝑛𝐴, 𝑛 / 𝑘𝐵, 0)
1811, 12, 17cmpt 5113 . . . . . . . 8 class (𝑛 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑛𝐴, 𝑛 / 𝑘𝐵, 0))
1910, 18, 6cseq 13368 . . . . . . 7 class seq𝑚( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑛𝐴, 𝑛 / 𝑘𝐵, 0)))
20 vx . . . . . . . 8 setvar 𝑥
2120cv 1537 . . . . . . 7 class 𝑥
22 cli 14837 . . . . . . 7 class
2319, 21, 22wbr 5033 . . . . . 6 wff seq𝑚( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑛𝐴, 𝑛 / 𝑘𝐵, 0))) ⇝ 𝑥
249, 23wa 399 . . . . 5 wff (𝐴 ⊆ (ℤ𝑚) ∧ seq𝑚( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑛𝐴, 𝑛 / 𝑘𝐵, 0))) ⇝ 𝑥)
2524, 5, 12wrex 3110 . . . 4 wff 𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝐴 ⊆ (ℤ𝑚) ∧ seq𝑚( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑛𝐴, 𝑛 / 𝑘𝐵, 0))) ⇝ 𝑥)
26 c1 10531 . . . . . . . . 9 class 1
27 cfz 12889 . . . . . . . . 9 class ...
2826, 6, 27co 7139 . . . . . . . 8 class (1...𝑚)
29 vf . . . . . . . . 9 setvar 𝑓
3029cv 1537 . . . . . . . 8 class 𝑓
3128, 1, 30wf1o 6327 . . . . . . 7 wff 𝑓:(1...𝑚)–1-1-onto𝐴
32 cn 11629 . . . . . . . . . . 11 class
3313, 30cfv 6328 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 class (𝑓𝑛)
343, 33, 2csb 3831 . . . . . . . . . . 11 class (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵
3511, 32, 34cmpt 5113 . . . . . . . . . 10 class (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵)
3610, 35, 26cseq 13368 . . . . . . . . 9 class seq1( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵))
376, 36cfv 6328 . . . . . . . 8 class (seq1( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵))‘𝑚)
3821, 37wceq 1538 . . . . . . 7 wff 𝑥 = (seq1( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵))‘𝑚)
3931, 38wa 399 . . . . . 6 wff (𝑓:(1...𝑚)–1-1-onto𝐴𝑥 = (seq1( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵))‘𝑚))
4039, 29wex 1781 . . . . 5 wff 𝑓(𝑓:(1...𝑚)–1-1-onto𝐴𝑥 = (seq1( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵))‘𝑚))
4140, 5, 32wrex 3110 . . . 4 wff 𝑚 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑓(𝑓:(1...𝑚)–1-1-onto𝐴𝑥 = (seq1( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵))‘𝑚))
4225, 41wo 844 . . 3 wff (∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝐴 ⊆ (ℤ𝑚) ∧ seq𝑚( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑛𝐴, 𝑛 / 𝑘𝐵, 0))) ⇝ 𝑥) ∨ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑓(𝑓:(1...𝑚)–1-1-onto𝐴𝑥 = (seq1( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵))‘𝑚)))
4342, 20cio 6285 . 2 class (℩𝑥(∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝐴 ⊆ (ℤ𝑚) ∧ seq𝑚( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑛𝐴, 𝑛 / 𝑘𝐵, 0))) ⇝ 𝑥) ∨ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑓(𝑓:(1...𝑚)–1-1-onto𝐴𝑥 = (seq1( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵))‘𝑚))))
444, 43wceq 1538 1 wff Σ𝑘𝐴 𝐵 = (℩𝑥(∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝐴 ⊆ (ℤ𝑚) ∧ seq𝑚( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℤ ↦ if(𝑛𝐴, 𝑛 / 𝑘𝐵, 0))) ⇝ 𝑥) ∨ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑓(𝑓:(1...𝑚)–1-1-onto𝐴𝑥 = (seq1( + , (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑓𝑛) / 𝑘𝐵))‘𝑚))))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
This definition is referenced by:  sumex  15040  sumeq1  15041  nfsum1  15042  nfsum  15043  nfsumOLD  15044  sumeq2w  15045  sumeq2ii  15046  cbvsum  15048  zsum  15071  fsum  15073
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