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Theorem mhmima 17284
 Description: The homomorphic image of a submonoid is a submonoid. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-Mar-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
mhmima ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑋) ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑁))

Proof of Theorem mhmima
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 𝑧 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 imassrn 5436 . . 3 (𝐹𝑋) ⊆ ran 𝐹
2 eqid 2621 . . . . . 6 (Base‘𝑀) = (Base‘𝑀)
3 eqid 2621 . . . . . 6 (Base‘𝑁) = (Base‘𝑁)
42, 3mhmf 17261 . . . . 5 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) → 𝐹:(Base‘𝑀)⟶(Base‘𝑁))
54adantr 481 . . . 4 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → 𝐹:(Base‘𝑀)⟶(Base‘𝑁))
6 frn 6010 . . . 4 (𝐹:(Base‘𝑀)⟶(Base‘𝑁) → ran 𝐹 ⊆ (Base‘𝑁))
75, 6syl 17 . . 3 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → ran 𝐹 ⊆ (Base‘𝑁))
81, 7syl5ss 3594 . 2 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑋) ⊆ (Base‘𝑁))
9 eqid 2621 . . . . 5 (0g𝑀) = (0g𝑀)
10 eqid 2621 . . . . 5 (0g𝑁) = (0g𝑁)
119, 10mhm0 17264 . . . 4 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) → (𝐹‘(0g𝑀)) = (0g𝑁))
1211adantr 481 . . 3 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → (𝐹‘(0g𝑀)) = (0g𝑁))
13 ffn 6002 . . . . 5 (𝐹:(Base‘𝑀)⟶(Base‘𝑁) → 𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑀))
145, 13syl 17 . . . 4 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → 𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑀))
152submss 17271 . . . . 5 (𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀) → 𝑋 ⊆ (Base‘𝑀))
1615adantl 482 . . . 4 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → 𝑋 ⊆ (Base‘𝑀))
179subm0cl 17273 . . . . 5 (𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀) → (0g𝑀) ∈ 𝑋)
1817adantl 482 . . . 4 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → (0g𝑀) ∈ 𝑋)
19 fnfvima 6450 . . . 4 ((𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑀) ∧ 𝑋 ⊆ (Base‘𝑀) ∧ (0g𝑀) ∈ 𝑋) → (𝐹‘(0g𝑀)) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))
2014, 16, 18, 19syl3anc 1323 . . 3 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → (𝐹‘(0g𝑀)) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))
2112, 20eqeltrrd 2699 . 2 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → (0g𝑁) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))
22 simpll 789 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → 𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁))
2316adantr 481 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → 𝑋 ⊆ (Base‘𝑀))
24 simprl 793 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → 𝑧𝑋)
2523, 24sseldd 3584 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → 𝑧 ∈ (Base‘𝑀))
26 simprr 795 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → 𝑥𝑋)
2723, 26sseldd 3584 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → 𝑥 ∈ (Base‘𝑀))
28 eqid 2621 . . . . . . . . . 10 (+g𝑀) = (+g𝑀)
29 eqid 2621 . . . . . . . . . 10 (+g𝑁) = (+g𝑁)
302, 28, 29mhmlin 17263 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ (Base‘𝑀) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ (Base‘𝑀)) → (𝐹‘(𝑧(+g𝑀)𝑥)) = ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)(𝐹𝑥)))
3122, 25, 27, 30syl3anc 1323 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → (𝐹‘(𝑧(+g𝑀)𝑥)) = ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)(𝐹𝑥)))
3214adantr 481 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → 𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑀))
3328submcl 17274 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀) ∧ 𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋) → (𝑧(+g𝑀)𝑥) ∈ 𝑋)
34333expb 1263 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → (𝑧(+g𝑀)𝑥) ∈ 𝑋)
3534adantll 749 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → (𝑧(+g𝑀)𝑥) ∈ 𝑋)
36 fnfvima 6450 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑀) ∧ 𝑋 ⊆ (Base‘𝑀) ∧ (𝑧(+g𝑀)𝑥) ∈ 𝑋) → (𝐹‘(𝑧(+g𝑀)𝑥)) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))
3732, 23, 35, 36syl3anc 1323 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → (𝐹‘(𝑧(+g𝑀)𝑥)) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))
3831, 37eqeltrrd 2699 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑥𝑋)) → ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)(𝐹𝑥)) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))
3938anassrs 679 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ 𝑧𝑋) ∧ 𝑥𝑋) → ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)(𝐹𝑥)) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))
4039ralrimiva 2960 . . . . 5 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ 𝑧𝑋) → ∀𝑥𝑋 ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)(𝐹𝑥)) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))
41 oveq2 6612 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦 = (𝐹𝑥) → ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦) = ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)(𝐹𝑥)))
4241eleq1d 2683 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = (𝐹𝑥) → (((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋) ↔ ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)(𝐹𝑥)) ∈ (𝐹𝑋)))
4342ralima 6452 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑀) ∧ 𝑋 ⊆ (Base‘𝑀)) → (∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋) ↔ ∀𝑥𝑋 ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)(𝐹𝑥)) ∈ (𝐹𝑋)))
4414, 16, 43syl2anc 692 . . . . . 6 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → (∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋) ↔ ∀𝑥𝑋 ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)(𝐹𝑥)) ∈ (𝐹𝑋)))
4544adantr 481 . . . . 5 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ 𝑧𝑋) → (∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋) ↔ ∀𝑥𝑋 ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)(𝐹𝑥)) ∈ (𝐹𝑋)))
4640, 45mpbird 247 . . . 4 (((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) ∧ 𝑧𝑋) → ∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))
4746ralrimiva 2960 . . 3 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → ∀𝑧𝑋𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))
48 oveq1 6611 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = (𝐹𝑧) → (𝑥(+g𝑁)𝑦) = ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦))
4948eleq1d 2683 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = (𝐹𝑧) → ((𝑥(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋) ↔ ((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋)))
5049ralbidv 2980 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = (𝐹𝑧) → (∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)(𝑥(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋) ↔ ∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋)))
5150ralima 6452 . . . 4 ((𝐹 Fn (Base‘𝑀) ∧ 𝑋 ⊆ (Base‘𝑀)) → (∀𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)(𝑥(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋) ↔ ∀𝑧𝑋𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋)))
5214, 16, 51syl2anc 692 . . 3 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → (∀𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)(𝑥(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋) ↔ ∀𝑧𝑋𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)((𝐹𝑧)(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋)))
5347, 52mpbird 247 . 2 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)(𝑥(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))
54 mhmrcl2 17260 . . . 4 (𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) → 𝑁 ∈ Mnd)
5554adantr 481 . . 3 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → 𝑁 ∈ Mnd)
563, 10, 29issubm 17268 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ Mnd → ((𝐹𝑋) ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑁) ↔ ((𝐹𝑋) ⊆ (Base‘𝑁) ∧ (0g𝑁) ∈ (𝐹𝑋) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)(𝑥(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))))
5755, 56syl 17 . 2 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → ((𝐹𝑋) ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑁) ↔ ((𝐹𝑋) ⊆ (Base‘𝑁) ∧ (0g𝑁) ∈ (𝐹𝑋) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑋)(𝑥(+g𝑁)𝑦) ∈ (𝐹𝑋))))
588, 21, 53, 57mpbir3and 1243 1 ((𝐹 ∈ (𝑀 MndHom 𝑁) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑋) ∈ (SubMnd‘𝑁))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ↔ wb 196   ∧ wa 384   ∧ w3a 1036   = wceq 1480   ∈ wcel 1987  ∀wral 2907   ⊆ wss 3555  ran crn 5075   “ cima 5077   Fn wfn 5842  ⟶wf 5843  ‘cfv 5847  (class class class)co 6604  Basecbs 15781  +gcplusg 15862  0gc0g 16021  Mndcmnd 17215   MndHom cmhm 17254  SubMndcsubmnd 17255 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1719  ax-4 1734  ax-5 1836  ax-6 1885  ax-7 1932  ax-8 1989  ax-9 1996  ax-10 2016  ax-11 2031  ax-12 2044  ax-13 2245  ax-ext 2601  ax-sep 4741  ax-nul 4749  ax-pow 4803  ax-pr 4867  ax-un 6902  ax-cnex 9936  ax-resscn 9937  ax-1cn 9938  ax-icn 9939  ax-addcl 9940  ax-addrcl 9941  ax-mulcl 9942  ax-mulrcl 9943  ax-mulcom 9944  ax-addass 9945  ax-mulass 9946  ax-distr 9947  ax-i2m1 9948  ax-1ne0 9949  ax-1rid 9950  ax-rnegex 9951  ax-rrecex 9952  ax-cnre 9953  ax-pre-lttri 9954  ax-pre-lttrn 9955  ax-pre-ltadd 9956  ax-pre-mulgt0 9957 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-3or 1037  df-3an 1038  df-tru 1483  df-ex 1702  df-nf 1707  df-sb 1878  df-eu 2473  df-mo 2474  df-clab 2608  df-cleq 2614  df-clel 2617  df-nfc 2750  df-ne 2791  df-nel 2894  df-ral 2912  df-rex 2913  df-reu 2914  df-rmo 2915  df-rab 2916  df-v 3188  df-sbc 3418  df-csb 3515  df-dif 3558  df-un 3560  df-in 3562  df-ss 3569  df-pss 3571  df-nul 3892  df-if 4059  df-pw 4132  df-sn 4149  df-pr 4151  df-tp 4153  df-op 4155  df-uni 4403  df-iun 4487  df-br 4614  df-opab 4674  df-mpt 4675  df-tr 4713  df-eprel 4985  df-id 4989  df-po 4995  df-so 4996  df-fr 5033  df-we 5035  df-xp 5080  df-rel 5081  df-cnv 5082  df-co 5083  df-dm 5084  df-rn 5085  df-res 5086  df-ima 5087  df-pred 5639  df-ord 5685  df-on 5686  df-lim 5687  df-suc 5688  df-iota 5810  df-fun 5849  df-fn 5850  df-f 5851  df-f1 5852  df-fo 5853  df-f1o 5854  df-fv 5855  df-riota 6565  df-ov 6607  df-oprab 6608  df-mpt2 6609  df-om 7013  df-wrecs 7352  df-recs 7413  df-rdg 7451  df-er 7687  df-map 7804  df-en 7900  df-dom 7901  df-sdom 7902  df-pnf 10020  df-mnf 10021  df-xr 10022  df-ltxr 10023  df-le 10024  df-sub 10212  df-neg 10213  df-nn 10965  df-2 11023  df-ndx 15784  df-slot 15785  df-base 15786  df-sets 15787  df-ress 15788  df-plusg 15875  df-0g 16023  df-mgm 17163  df-sgrp 17205  df-mnd 17216  df-mhm 17256  df-submnd 17257 This theorem is referenced by:  rhmima  18732
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