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Axiom ax-ac 9616
 Description: Axiom of Choice. The Axiom of Choice (AC) is usually considered an extension of ZF set theory rather than a proper part of it. It is sometimes considered philosophically controversial because it asserts the existence of a set without telling us what the set is. ZF set theory that includes AC is called ZFC. The unpublished version given here says that given any set 𝑥, there exists a 𝑦 that is a collection of unordered pairs, one pair for each nonempty member of 𝑥. One entry in the pair is the member of 𝑥, and the other entry is some arbitrary member of that member of 𝑥. See the rewritten version ac3 9619 for a more detailed explanation. Theorem ac2 9618 shows an equivalent written compactly with restricted quantifiers. This version was specifically crafted to be short when expanded to primitives. Kurt Maes' 5-quantifier version ackm 9622 is slightly shorter when the biconditional of ax-ac 9616 is expanded into implication and negation. In axac3 9621 we allow the constant CHOICE to represent the Axiom of Choice; this simplifies the representation of theorems like gchac 9838 (the Generalized Continuum Hypothesis implies the Axiom of Choice). Standard textbook versions of AC are derived as ac8 9649, ac5 9634, and ac7 9630. The Axiom of Regularity ax-reg 8786 (among others) is used to derive our version from the standard ones; this reverse derivation is shown as theorem dfac2b 9286. Equivalents to AC are the well-ordering theorem weth 9652 and Zorn's lemma zorn 9664. See ac4 9632 for comments about stronger versions of AC. In order to avoid uses of ax-reg 8786 for derivation of AC equivalents, we provide ax-ac2 9620 (due to Kurt Maes), which is equivalent to the standard AC of textbooks. The derivation of ax-ac2 9620 from ax-ac 9616 is shown by theorem axac2 9623, and the reverse derivation by axac 9624. Therefore, new proofs should normally use ax-ac2 9620 instead. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 18-Jul-1996.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
ax-ac 𝑦𝑧𝑤((𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑥) → ∃𝑣𝑢(∃𝑡((𝑢𝑤𝑤𝑡) ∧ (𝑢𝑡𝑡𝑦)) ↔ 𝑢 = 𝑣))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑤,𝑣,𝑢,𝑡

Detailed syntax breakdown of Axiom ax-ac
StepHypRef Expression
1 vz . . . . . . 7 setvar 𝑧
2 vw . . . . . . 7 setvar 𝑤
31, 2wel 2108 . . . . . 6 wff 𝑧𝑤
4 vx . . . . . . 7 setvar 𝑥
52, 4wel 2108 . . . . . 6 wff 𝑤𝑥
63, 5wa 386 . . . . 5 wff (𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑥)
7 vu . . . . . . . . . . . 12 setvar 𝑢
87, 2wel 2108 . . . . . . . . . . 11 wff 𝑢𝑤
9 vt . . . . . . . . . . . 12 setvar 𝑡
102, 9wel 2108 . . . . . . . . . . 11 wff 𝑤𝑡
118, 10wa 386 . . . . . . . . . 10 wff (𝑢𝑤𝑤𝑡)
127, 9wel 2108 . . . . . . . . . . 11 wff 𝑢𝑡
13 vy . . . . . . . . . . . 12 setvar 𝑦
149, 13wel 2108 . . . . . . . . . . 11 wff 𝑡𝑦
1512, 14wa 386 . . . . . . . . . 10 wff (𝑢𝑡𝑡𝑦)
1611, 15wa 386 . . . . . . . . 9 wff ((𝑢𝑤𝑤𝑡) ∧ (𝑢𝑡𝑡𝑦))
1716, 9wex 1823 . . . . . . . 8 wff 𝑡((𝑢𝑤𝑤𝑡) ∧ (𝑢𝑡𝑡𝑦))
18 vv . . . . . . . . 9 setvar 𝑣
197, 18weq 2005 . . . . . . . 8 wff 𝑢 = 𝑣
2017, 19wb 198 . . . . . . 7 wff (∃𝑡((𝑢𝑤𝑤𝑡) ∧ (𝑢𝑡𝑡𝑦)) ↔ 𝑢 = 𝑣)
2120, 7wal 1599 . . . . . 6 wff 𝑢(∃𝑡((𝑢𝑤𝑤𝑡) ∧ (𝑢𝑡𝑡𝑦)) ↔ 𝑢 = 𝑣)
2221, 18wex 1823 . . . . 5 wff 𝑣𝑢(∃𝑡((𝑢𝑤𝑤𝑡) ∧ (𝑢𝑡𝑡𝑦)) ↔ 𝑢 = 𝑣)
236, 22wi 4 . . . 4 wff ((𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑥) → ∃𝑣𝑢(∃𝑡((𝑢𝑤𝑤𝑡) ∧ (𝑢𝑡𝑡𝑦)) ↔ 𝑢 = 𝑣))
2423, 2wal 1599 . . 3 wff 𝑤((𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑥) → ∃𝑣𝑢(∃𝑡((𝑢𝑤𝑤𝑡) ∧ (𝑢𝑡𝑡𝑦)) ↔ 𝑢 = 𝑣))
2524, 1wal 1599 . 2 wff 𝑧𝑤((𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑥) → ∃𝑣𝑢(∃𝑡((𝑢𝑤𝑤𝑡) ∧ (𝑢𝑡𝑡𝑦)) ↔ 𝑢 = 𝑣))
2625, 13wex 1823 1 wff 𝑦𝑧𝑤((𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑥) → ∃𝑣𝑢(∃𝑡((𝑢𝑤𝑤𝑡) ∧ (𝑢𝑡𝑡𝑦)) ↔ 𝑢 = 𝑣))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class This axiom is referenced by:  zfac  9617  ac2  9618
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