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Theorem ac3 9621
 Description: Axiom of Choice using abbreviations. The logical equivalence to ax-ac 9618 can be established by chaining aceq0 9276 and aceq2 9277. A standard textbook version of AC is derived from this one in dfac2a 9287, and this version of AC is derived from the textbook version in dfac2b 9288, showing their logical equivalence (see dfac2 9289). The following sketch will help you understand this version of the axiom. Given any set 𝑥, the axiom says that there exists a 𝑦 that is a collection of unordered pairs, one pair for each nonempty member of 𝑥. One entry in the pair is the member of 𝑥, and the other entry is some arbitrary member of that member of 𝑥. Using the Axiom of Regularity, we can show that 𝑦 is really a set of ordered pairs, very similar to the ordered pair construction opthreg 8812. The key theorem for this (used in the proof of dfac2b 9288) is preleq 8810. With this modified definition of ordered pair, it can be seen that 𝑦 is actually a choice function on the members of 𝑥. For example, suppose 𝑥 = {{1, 2}, {1, 3}, {2, 3, 4}}. Let us try 𝑦 = {{{1, 2}, 1}, {{1, 3}, 1}, {{2, 3, 4}, 2}}. For the member (of 𝑥) 𝑧 = {1, 2}, the only assignment to 𝑤 and 𝑣 that satisfies the axiom is 𝑤 = 1 and 𝑣 = {{1, 2}, 1}, so there is exactly one 𝑤 as required. We verify the other two members of 𝑥 similarly. Thus, 𝑦 satisfies the axiom. Using our modified ordered pair definition, we can say that 𝑦 corresponds to the choice function {⟨{1, 2}, 1⟩, ⟨{1, 3}, 1⟩, ⟨{2, 3, 4}, 2⟩}. Of course other choices for 𝑦 will also satisfy the axiom, for example 𝑦 = {{{1, 2}, 2}, {{1, 3}, 1}, {{2, 3, 4}, 4}}. What AC tells us is that there exists at least one such 𝑦, but it doesn't tell us which one. (New usage is discouraged.) (Contributed by NM, 19-Jul-1996.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
ac3 𝑦𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → ∃!𝑤𝑧𝑣𝑦 (𝑧𝑣𝑤𝑣))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑤,𝑣

Proof of Theorem ac3
Dummy variable 𝑢 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 ac2 9620 . 2 𝑦𝑧𝑥𝑤𝑧 ∃!𝑣𝑧𝑢𝑦 (𝑧𝑢𝑣𝑢)
2 aceq2 9277 . 2 (∃𝑦𝑧𝑥𝑤𝑧 ∃!𝑣𝑧𝑢𝑦 (𝑧𝑢𝑣𝑢) ↔ ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → ∃!𝑤𝑧𝑣𝑦 (𝑧𝑣𝑤𝑣)))
31, 2mpbi 222 1 𝑦𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → ∃!𝑤𝑧𝑣𝑦 (𝑧𝑣𝑤𝑣))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ∧ wa 386  ∃wex 1823   ≠ wne 2969  ∀wral 3090  ∃wrex 3091  ∃!wreu 3092  ∅c0 4141 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1839  ax-4 1853  ax-5 1953  ax-6 2021  ax-7 2055  ax-8 2109  ax-9 2116  ax-10 2135  ax-11 2150  ax-12 2163  ax-13 2334  ax-ext 2754  ax-ac 9618 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 199  df-an 387  df-or 837  df-tru 1605  df-ex 1824  df-nf 1828  df-sb 2012  df-mo 2551  df-eu 2587  df-clab 2764  df-cleq 2770  df-clel 2774  df-nfc 2921  df-ne 2970  df-ral 3095  df-rex 3096  df-reu 3097  df-dif 3795  df-nul 4142 This theorem is referenced by:  axac2  9625
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