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Theorem vexw 2742
 Description: If 𝜑 is a theorem, then any set belongs to the class {𝑥 ∣ 𝜑}. Therefore, {𝑥 ∣ 𝜑} is "a" universal class. This is the closest one can get to defining a universal class, or proving vex 3411, without using ax-ext 2730. Note that this theorem has no disjoint variable condition and does not use df-clel 2831 nor df-cleq 2751 either: only propositional logic and ax-gen 1798 and df-clab 2737. This is sbt 2072 expressed using class abstractions. Without ax-ext 2730, one cannot define "the" universal class, since one could not prove for instance the justification theorem {𝑥 ∣ ⊤} = {𝑦 ∣ ⊤} (see vjust 3408). Indeed, in order to prove any equality of classes, one needs df-cleq 2751, which has ax-ext 2730 as a hypothesis. Therefore, the classes {𝑥 ∣ ⊤}, {𝑦 ∣ (𝜑 → 𝜑)}, {𝑧 ∣ (∀𝑡𝑡 = 𝑡 → ∀𝑡𝑡 = 𝑡)} and countless others are all universal classes whose equality cannot be proved without ax-ext 2730. Once dfcleq 2752 is available, we will define "the" universal class in df-v 3409. Its degenerate instance is also a simple consequence of abid 2740 (using mpbir 234). (Contributed by BJ, 13-Jun-2019.) Reduce axiom dependencies. (Revised by Steven Nguyen, 25-Apr-2023.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
vexw.1 𝜑
Assertion
Ref Expression
vexw 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝜑}

Proof of Theorem vexw
StepHypRef Expression
1 vexw.1 . . 3 𝜑
21sbt 2072 . 2 [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑
3 df-clab 2737 . 2 (𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝜑} ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
42, 3mpbir 234 1 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝜑}
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:  [wsb 2070   ∈ wcel 2112  {cab 2736 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1798 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-sb 2071  df-clab 2737 This theorem is referenced by:  vextru  2743  vjust  3408  vexOLD  3412  bj-ralvw  34585  bj-rexvw  34586  bj-rababw  34587
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