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Theorem dfsb7 1967
Description: An alternate definition of proper substitution df-sb 1737. By introducing a dummy variable 𝑧 in the definiens, we are able to eliminate any distinct variable restrictions among the variables 𝑥, 𝑦, and 𝜑 of the definiendum. No distinct variable conflicts arise because 𝑧 effectively insulates 𝑥 from 𝑦. To achieve this, we use a chain of two substitutions in the form of sb5 1860, first 𝑧 for 𝑥 then 𝑦 for 𝑧. Compare Definition 2.1'' of [Quine] p. 17. Theorem sb7f 1968 provides a version where 𝜑 and 𝑧 don't have to be distinct. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jan-2004.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
dfsb7 ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑧(𝑧 = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑧𝜑)))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑥,𝑧   𝑦,𝑧   𝜑,𝑧
Allowed substitution hints:   𝜑(𝑥,𝑦)

Proof of Theorem dfsb7
StepHypRef Expression
1 sb5 1860 . . 3 ([𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑧𝜑))
21sbbii 1739 . 2 ([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑧]∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑧𝜑))
3 ax-17 1507 . . 3 (𝜑 → ∀𝑧𝜑)
43sbco2vh 1919 . 2 ([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
5 sb5 1860 . 2 ([𝑦 / 𝑧]∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑧𝜑) ↔ ∃𝑧(𝑧 = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑧𝜑)))
62, 4, 53bitr3i 209 1 ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑧(𝑧 = 𝑦 ∧ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑧𝜑)))
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  wa 103  wb 104  wex 1469  [wsb 1736
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-ia1 105  ax-ia2 106  ax-ia3 107  ax-io 699  ax-5 1424  ax-7 1425  ax-gen 1426  ax-ie1 1470  ax-ie2 1471  ax-8 1483  ax-10 1484  ax-11 1485  ax-i12 1486  ax-4 1488  ax-17 1507  ax-i9 1511  ax-ial 1515  ax-i5r 1516
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 116  df-nf 1438  df-sb 1737
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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