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Theorem isnsg3 17622
Description: A subgroup is normal iff the conjugation of all the elements of the subgroup is in the subgroup. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jan-2015.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
isnsg3.1 𝑋 = (Base‘𝐺)
isnsg3.2 + = (+g𝐺)
isnsg3.3 = (-g𝐺)
Assertion
Ref Expression
isnsg3 (𝑆 ∈ (NrmSGrp‘𝐺) ↔ (𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑥,𝑦,   𝑥,𝐺,𝑦   𝑥, + ,𝑦   𝑥,𝑆,𝑦   𝑥,𝑋,𝑦

Proof of Theorem isnsg3
Dummy variables 𝑤 𝑧 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 nsgsubg 17620 . . 3 (𝑆 ∈ (NrmSGrp‘𝐺) → 𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺))
2 isnsg3.1 . . . . . 6 𝑋 = (Base‘𝐺)
3 isnsg3.2 . . . . . 6 + = (+g𝐺)
4 isnsg3.3 . . . . . 6 = (-g𝐺)
52, 3, 4nsgconj 17621 . . . . 5 ((𝑆 ∈ (NrmSGrp‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)
653expb 1265 . . . 4 ((𝑆 ∈ (NrmSGrp‘𝐺) ∧ (𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)
76ralrimivva 2970 . . 3 (𝑆 ∈ (NrmSGrp‘𝐺) → ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)
81, 7jca 554 . 2 (𝑆 ∈ (NrmSGrp‘𝐺) → (𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆))
9 simpl 473 . . 3 ((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) → 𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺))
10 subgrcl 17593 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) → 𝐺 ∈ Grp)
1110ad2antrr 762 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → 𝐺 ∈ Grp)
12 simprll 802 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → 𝑧𝑋)
13 eqid 2621 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (0g𝐺) = (0g𝐺)
14 eqid 2621 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (invg𝐺) = (invg𝐺)
152, 3, 13, 14grplinv 17462 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑧𝑋) → (((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + 𝑧) = (0g𝐺))
1611, 12, 15syl2anc 693 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → (((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + 𝑧) = (0g𝐺))
1716oveq1d 6662 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + 𝑧) + 𝑤) = ((0g𝐺) + 𝑤))
182, 14grpinvcl 17461 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑧𝑋) → ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝑋)
1911, 12, 18syl2anc 693 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝑋)
20 simprlr 803 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → 𝑤𝑋)
212, 3grpass 17425 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝑋𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋)) → ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + 𝑧) + 𝑤) = (((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + (𝑧 + 𝑤)))
2211, 19, 12, 20, 21syl13anc 1327 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + 𝑧) + 𝑤) = (((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + (𝑧 + 𝑤)))
232, 3, 13grplid 17446 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑤𝑋) → ((0g𝐺) + 𝑤) = 𝑤)
2411, 20, 23syl2anc 693 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → ((0g𝐺) + 𝑤) = 𝑤)
2517, 22, 243eqtr3d 2663 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → (((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + (𝑧 + 𝑤)) = 𝑤)
2625oveq1d 6662 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + (𝑧 + 𝑤)) ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)) = (𝑤 ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)))
272, 3, 4, 14, 11, 20, 12grpsubinv 17482 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → (𝑤 ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)) = (𝑤 + 𝑧))
2826, 27eqtrd 2655 . . . . . 6 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + (𝑧 + 𝑤)) ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)) = (𝑤 + 𝑧))
29 simprr 796 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)
30 simplr 792 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)
31 oveq1 6654 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + 𝑦))
32 id 22 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) → 𝑥 = ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧))
3331, 32oveq12d 6665 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) = ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + 𝑦) ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)))
3433eleq1d 2685 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) → (((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆 ↔ ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + 𝑦) ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)) ∈ 𝑆))
35 oveq2 6655 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑦 = (𝑧 + 𝑤) → (((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + 𝑦) = (((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + (𝑧 + 𝑤)))
3635oveq1d 6662 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦 = (𝑧 + 𝑤) → ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + 𝑦) ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)) = ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + (𝑧 + 𝑤)) ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)))
3736eleq1d 2685 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = (𝑧 + 𝑤) → (((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + 𝑦) ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)) ∈ 𝑆 ↔ ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + (𝑧 + 𝑤)) ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)) ∈ 𝑆))
3834, 37rspc2va 3321 . . . . . . 7 (((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) ∈ 𝑋 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) → ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + (𝑧 + 𝑤)) ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)) ∈ 𝑆)
3919, 29, 30, 38syl21anc 1324 . . . . . 6 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → ((((invg𝐺)‘𝑧) + (𝑧 + 𝑤)) ((invg𝐺)‘𝑧)) ∈ 𝑆)
4028, 39eqeltrrd 2701 . . . . 5 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ ((𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆)) → (𝑤 + 𝑧) ∈ 𝑆)
4140expr 643 . . . 4 (((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋)) → ((𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆 → (𝑤 + 𝑧) ∈ 𝑆))
4241ralrimivva 2970 . . 3 ((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) → ∀𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋 ((𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆 → (𝑤 + 𝑧) ∈ 𝑆))
432, 3isnsg2 17618 . . 3 (𝑆 ∈ (NrmSGrp‘𝐺) ↔ (𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑧𝑋𝑤𝑋 ((𝑧 + 𝑤) ∈ 𝑆 → (𝑤 + 𝑧) ∈ 𝑆)))
449, 42, 43sylanbrc 698 . 2 ((𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆) → 𝑆 ∈ (NrmSGrp‘𝐺))
458, 44impbii 199 1 (𝑆 ∈ (NrmSGrp‘𝐺) ↔ (𝑆 ∈ (SubGrp‘𝐺) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑆 ((𝑥 + 𝑦) 𝑥) ∈ 𝑆))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 196  wa 384   = wceq 1482  wcel 1989  wral 2911  cfv 5886  (class class class)co 6647  Basecbs 15851  +gcplusg 15935  0gc0g 16094  Grpcgrp 17416  invgcminusg 17417  -gcsg 17418  SubGrpcsubg 17582  NrmSGrpcnsg 17583
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1721  ax-4 1736  ax-5 1838  ax-6 1887  ax-7 1934  ax-8 1991  ax-9 1998  ax-10 2018  ax-11 2033  ax-12 2046  ax-13 2245  ax-ext 2601  ax-rep 4769  ax-sep 4779  ax-nul 4787  ax-pow 4841  ax-pr 4904  ax-un 6946
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-3an 1039  df-tru 1485  df-ex 1704  df-nf 1709  df-sb 1880  df-eu 2473  df-mo 2474  df-clab 2608  df-cleq 2614  df-clel 2617  df-nfc 2752  df-ne 2794  df-ral 2916  df-rex 2917  df-reu 2918  df-rmo 2919  df-rab 2920  df-v 3200  df-sbc 3434  df-csb 3532  df-dif 3575  df-un 3577  df-in 3579  df-ss 3586  df-nul 3914  df-if 4085  df-pw 4158  df-sn 4176  df-pr 4178  df-op 4182  df-uni 4435  df-iun 4520  df-br 4652  df-opab 4711  df-mpt 4728  df-id 5022  df-xp 5118  df-rel 5119  df-cnv 5120  df-co 5121  df-dm 5122  df-rn 5123  df-res 5124  df-ima 5125  df-iota 5849  df-fun 5888  df-fn 5889  df-f 5890  df-f1 5891  df-fo 5892  df-f1o 5893  df-fv 5894  df-riota 6608  df-ov 6650  df-oprab 6651  df-mpt2 6652  df-1st 7165  df-2nd 7166  df-0g 16096  df-mgm 17236  df-sgrp 17278  df-mnd 17289  df-grp 17419  df-minusg 17420  df-sbg 17421  df-subg 17585  df-nsg 17586
This theorem is referenced by:  nsgacs  17624  0nsg  17633  nsgid  17634  ghmnsgima  17678  ghmnsgpreima  17679  cntrsubgnsg  17767  clsnsg  21907
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