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Theorem congr 15425
Description: Definition of congruence by integer multiple (see ProofWiki "Congruence (Number Theory)", 11-Jul-2021, https://proofwiki.org/wiki/Definition:Congruence_(Number_Theory)): An integer 𝐴 is congruent to an integer 𝐵 modulo 𝑀 if their difference is a multiple of 𝑀. See also the definition in [ApostolNT] p. 104: "... 𝑎 is congruent to 𝑏 modulo 𝑚, and we write 𝑎𝑏 (mod 𝑚) if 𝑚 divides the difference 𝑎𝑏", or Wikipedia "Modular arithmetic - Congruence", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modular_arithmetic#Congruence, 11-Jul-2021,: "Given an integer n > 1, called a modulus, two integers are said to be congruent modulo n, if n is a divisor of their difference (i.e., if there is an integer k such that a-b = kn)". (Contributed by AV, 11-Jul-2021.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
congr ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴 mod 𝑀) = (𝐵 mod 𝑀) ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = (𝐴𝐵)))
Distinct variable groups:   𝐴,𝑛   𝐵,𝑛   𝑛,𝑀

Proof of Theorem congr
StepHypRef Expression
1 moddvds 15038 . . 3 ((𝑀 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝐴 mod 𝑀) = (𝐵 mod 𝑀) ↔ 𝑀 ∥ (𝐴𝐵)))
213coml 1292 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴 mod 𝑀) = (𝐵 mod 𝑀) ↔ 𝑀 ∥ (𝐴𝐵)))
3 simp3 1083 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑀 ∈ ℕ)
43nnzd 11519 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑀 ∈ ℤ)
5 zsubcl 11457 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℤ)
653adant3 1101 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℤ)
7 divides 15029 . . 3 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 ∥ (𝐴𝐵) ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = (𝐴𝐵)))
84, 6, 7syl2anc 694 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑀 ∥ (𝐴𝐵) ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = (𝐴𝐵)))
92, 8bitrd 268 1 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴 mod 𝑀) = (𝐵 mod 𝑀) ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = (𝐴𝐵)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 196  w3a 1054   = wceq 1523  wcel 2030  wrex 2942   class class class wbr 4685  (class class class)co 6690   · cmul 9979  cmin 10304  cn 11058  cz 11415   mod cmo 12708  cdvds 15027
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-8 2032  ax-9 2039  ax-10 2059  ax-11 2074  ax-12 2087  ax-13 2282  ax-ext 2631  ax-sep 4814  ax-nul 4822  ax-pow 4873  ax-pr 4936  ax-un 6991  ax-cnex 10030  ax-resscn 10031  ax-1cn 10032  ax-icn 10033  ax-addcl 10034  ax-addrcl 10035  ax-mulcl 10036  ax-mulrcl 10037  ax-mulcom 10038  ax-addass 10039  ax-mulass 10040  ax-distr 10041  ax-i2m1 10042  ax-1ne0 10043  ax-1rid 10044  ax-rnegex 10045  ax-rrecex 10046  ax-cnre 10047  ax-pre-lttri 10048  ax-pre-lttrn 10049  ax-pre-ltadd 10050  ax-pre-mulgt0 10051  ax-pre-sup 10052
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1055  df-3an 1056  df-tru 1526  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750  df-sb 1938  df-eu 2502  df-mo 2503  df-clab 2638  df-cleq 2644  df-clel 2647  df-nfc 2782  df-ne 2824  df-nel 2927  df-ral 2946  df-rex 2947  df-reu 2948  df-rmo 2949  df-rab 2950  df-v 3233  df-sbc 3469  df-csb 3567  df-dif 3610  df-un 3612  df-in 3614  df-ss 3621  df-pss 3623  df-nul 3949  df-if 4120  df-pw 4193  df-sn 4211  df-pr 4213  df-tp 4215  df-op 4217  df-uni 4469  df-iun 4554  df-br 4686  df-opab 4746  df-mpt 4763  df-tr 4786  df-id 5053  df-eprel 5058  df-po 5064  df-so 5065  df-fr 5102  df-we 5104  df-xp 5149  df-rel 5150  df-cnv 5151  df-co 5152  df-dm 5153  df-rn 5154  df-res 5155  df-ima 5156  df-pred 5718  df-ord 5764  df-on 5765  df-lim 5766  df-suc 5767  df-iota 5889  df-fun 5928  df-fn 5929  df-f 5930  df-f1 5931  df-fo 5932  df-f1o 5933  df-fv 5934  df-riota 6651  df-ov 6693  df-oprab 6694  df-mpt2 6695  df-om 7108  df-wrecs 7452  df-recs 7513  df-rdg 7551  df-er 7787  df-en 7998  df-dom 7999  df-sdom 8000  df-sup 8389  df-inf 8390  df-pnf 10114  df-mnf 10115  df-xr 10116  df-ltxr 10117  df-le 10118  df-sub 10306  df-neg 10307  df-div 10723  df-nn 11059  df-n0 11331  df-z 11416  df-uz 11726  df-rp 11871  df-fl 12633  df-mod 12709  df-dvds 15028
This theorem is referenced by:  cncongr1  15428
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