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Theorem cotrcltrcl 38537
Description: The transitive closure is idempotent. (Contributed by RP, 16-Jun-2020.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
cotrcltrcl (t+ ∘ t+) = t+

Proof of Theorem cotrcltrcl
Dummy variables 𝑎 𝑏 𝑐 𝑑 𝑖 𝑗 𝑘 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 dftrcl3 38532 . 2 t+ = (𝑎 ∈ V ↦ 𝑖 ∈ ℕ (𝑎𝑟𝑖))
2 dftrcl3 38532 . 2 t+ = (𝑏 ∈ V ↦ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑏𝑟𝑗))
3 dftrcl3 38532 . 2 t+ = (𝑐 ∈ V ↦ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑐𝑟𝑘))
4 nnex 11238 . 2 ℕ ∈ V
5 unidm 3899 . . 3 (ℕ ∪ ℕ) = ℕ
65eqcomi 2769 . 2 ℕ = (ℕ ∪ ℕ)
7 1ex 10247 . . . . . 6 1 ∈ V
8 oveq2 6822 . . . . . 6 (𝑖 = 1 → ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖) = ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟1))
97, 8iunxsn 4755 . . . . 5 𝑖 ∈ {1} ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖) = ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟1)
10 ovex 6842 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑑𝑟𝑗) ∈ V
114, 10iunex 7313 . . . . . . 7 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗) ∈ V
12 relexp1g 13985 . . . . . . 7 ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗) ∈ V → ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟1) = 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗))
1311, 12ax-mp 5 . . . . . 6 ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟1) = 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)
14 oveq2 6822 . . . . . . 7 (𝑗 = 𝑘 → (𝑑𝑟𝑗) = (𝑑𝑟𝑘))
1514cbviunv 4711 . . . . . 6 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗) = 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)
1613, 15eqtri 2782 . . . . 5 ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟1) = 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)
179, 16eqtri 2782 . . . 4 𝑖 ∈ {1} ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖) = 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)
1817eqcomi 2769 . . 3 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) = 𝑖 ∈ {1} ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖)
19 1nn 11243 . . . . 5 1 ∈ ℕ
20 snssi 4484 . . . . 5 (1 ∈ ℕ → {1} ⊆ ℕ)
2119, 20ax-mp 5 . . . 4 {1} ⊆ ℕ
22 iunss1 4684 . . . 4 ({1} ⊆ ℕ → 𝑖 ∈ {1} ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖) ⊆ 𝑖 ∈ ℕ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖))
2321, 22ax-mp 5 . . 3 𝑖 ∈ {1} ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖) ⊆ 𝑖 ∈ ℕ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖)
2418, 23eqsstri 3776 . 2 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ⊆ 𝑖 ∈ ℕ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖)
25 iunss 4713 . . . 4 ( 𝑖 ∈ ℕ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ↔ ∀𝑖 ∈ ℕ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘))
26 oveq2 6822 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 1 → ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑥) = ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟1))
2726sseq1d 3773 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 1 → (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑥) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ↔ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟1) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)))
28 oveq2 6822 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑥) = ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦))
2928sseq1d 3773 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑥) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ↔ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)))
30 oveq2 6822 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = (𝑦 + 1) → ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑥) = ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟(𝑦 + 1)))
3130sseq1d 3773 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = (𝑦 + 1) → (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑥) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ↔ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟(𝑦 + 1)) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)))
32 oveq2 6822 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝑖 → ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑥) = ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖))
3332sseq1d 3773 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝑖 → (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑥) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ↔ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)))
3416eqimssi 3800 . . . . 5 ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟1) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)
35 simpl 474 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑦 ∈ ℕ ∧ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)) → 𝑦 ∈ ℕ)
36 relexpsucnnr 13984 . . . . . . . 8 (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗) ∈ V ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℕ) → ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟(𝑦 + 1)) = (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ∘ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)))
3711, 35, 36sylancr 698 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑦 ∈ ℕ ∧ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)) → ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟(𝑦 + 1)) = (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ∘ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)))
38 coss1 5433 . . . . . . . . 9 (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) → (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ∘ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)) ⊆ ( 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ∘ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)))
3938adantl 473 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑦 ∈ ℕ ∧ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)) → (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ∘ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)) ⊆ ( 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ∘ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)))
4015coeq2i 5438 . . . . . . . . 9 ( 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ∘ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)) = ( 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ∘ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘))
41 trclfvcotrg 13976 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((t+‘𝑑) ∘ (t+‘𝑑)) ⊆ (t+‘𝑑)
42 vex 3343 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 𝑑 ∈ V
43 oveq1 6821 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑐 = 𝑑 → (𝑐𝑟𝑘) = (𝑑𝑟𝑘))
4443iuneq2d 4699 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑐 = 𝑑 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑐𝑟𝑘) = 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘))
45 ovex 6842 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ∈ V
464, 45iunex 7313 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ∈ V
4744, 3, 46fvmpt 6445 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑑 ∈ V → (t+‘𝑑) = 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘))
4842, 47ax-mp 5 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (t+‘𝑑) = 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)
4948, 48coeq12i 5441 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((t+‘𝑑) ∘ (t+‘𝑑)) = ( 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ∘ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘))
5041, 49, 483sstr3i 3784 . . . . . . . . 9 ( 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ∘ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)
5140, 50eqsstri 3776 . . . . . . . 8 ( 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) ∘ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)
5239, 51syl6ss 3756 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑦 ∈ ℕ ∧ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)) → (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ∘ 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘))
5337, 52eqsstrd 3780 . . . . . 6 ((𝑦 ∈ ℕ ∧ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)) → ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟(𝑦 + 1)) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘))
5453ex 449 . . . . 5 (𝑦 ∈ ℕ → (( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑦) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) → ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟(𝑦 + 1)) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)))
5527, 29, 31, 33, 34, 54nnind 11250 . . . 4 (𝑖 ∈ ℕ → ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘))
5625, 55mprgbir 3065 . . 3 𝑖 ∈ ℕ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘)
57 iuneq1 4686 . . . 4 (ℕ = (ℕ ∪ ℕ) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) = 𝑘 ∈ (ℕ ∪ ℕ)(𝑑𝑟𝑘))
586, 57ax-mp 5 . . 3 𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑘) = 𝑘 ∈ (ℕ ∪ ℕ)(𝑑𝑟𝑘)
5956, 58sseqtri 3778 . 2 𝑖 ∈ ℕ ( 𝑗 ∈ ℕ (𝑑𝑟𝑗)↑𝑟𝑖) ⊆ 𝑘 ∈ (ℕ ∪ ℕ)(𝑑𝑟𝑘)
601, 2, 3, 4, 4, 6, 24, 24, 59comptiunov2i 38518 1 (t+ ∘ t+) = t+
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wa 383   = wceq 1632  wcel 2139  Vcvv 3340  cun 3713  wss 3715  {csn 4321   ciun 4672  ccom 5270  cfv 6049  (class class class)co 6814  1c1 10149   + caddc 10151  cn 11232  t+ctcl 13945  𝑟crelexp 13979
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1871  ax-4 1886  ax-5 1988  ax-6 2054  ax-7 2090  ax-8 2141  ax-9 2148  ax-10 2168  ax-11 2183  ax-12 2196  ax-13 2391  ax-ext 2740  ax-rep 4923  ax-sep 4933  ax-nul 4941  ax-pow 4992  ax-pr 5055  ax-un 7115  ax-cnex 10204  ax-resscn 10205  ax-1cn 10206  ax-icn 10207  ax-addcl 10208  ax-addrcl 10209  ax-mulcl 10210  ax-mulrcl 10211  ax-mulcom 10212  ax-addass 10213  ax-mulass 10214  ax-distr 10215  ax-i2m1 10216  ax-1ne0 10217  ax-1rid 10218  ax-rnegex 10219  ax-rrecex 10220  ax-cnre 10221  ax-pre-lttri 10222  ax-pre-lttrn 10223  ax-pre-ltadd 10224  ax-pre-mulgt0 10225
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1073  df-3an 1074  df-tru 1635  df-ex 1854  df-nf 1859  df-sb 2047  df-eu 2611  df-mo 2612  df-clab 2747  df-cleq 2753  df-clel 2756  df-nfc 2891  df-ne 2933  df-nel 3036  df-ral 3055  df-rex 3056  df-reu 3057  df-rab 3059  df-v 3342  df-sbc 3577  df-csb 3675  df-dif 3718  df-un 3720  df-in 3722  df-ss 3729  df-pss 3731  df-nul 4059  df-if 4231  df-pw 4304  df-sn 4322  df-pr 4324  df-tp 4326  df-op 4328  df-uni 4589  df-int 4628  df-iun 4674  df-br 4805  df-opab 4865  df-mpt 4882  df-tr 4905  df-id 5174  df-eprel 5179  df-po 5187  df-so 5188  df-fr 5225  df-we 5227  df-xp 5272  df-rel 5273  df-cnv 5274  df-co 5275  df-dm 5276  df-rn 5277  df-res 5278  df-ima 5279  df-pred 5841  df-ord 5887  df-on 5888  df-lim 5889  df-suc 5890  df-iota 6012  df-fun 6051  df-fn 6052  df-f 6053  df-f1 6054  df-fo 6055  df-f1o 6056  df-fv 6057  df-riota 6775  df-ov 6817  df-oprab 6818  df-mpt2 6819  df-om 7232  df-2nd 7335  df-wrecs 7577  df-recs 7638  df-rdg 7676  df-er 7913  df-en 8124  df-dom 8125  df-sdom 8126  df-pnf 10288  df-mnf 10289  df-xr 10290  df-ltxr 10291  df-le 10292  df-sub 10480  df-neg 10481  df-nn 11233  df-2 11291  df-n0 11505  df-z 11590  df-uz 11900  df-seq 13016  df-trcl 13947  df-relexp 13980
This theorem is referenced by:  cortrcltrcl  38552  cotrclrtrcl  38556
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