Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next > Nearby theorems Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  qnumdenbi Structured version   Visualization version   GIF version

Theorem qnumdenbi 15395
 Description: Two numbers are the canonical representation of a rational iff they are coprime and have the right quotient. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 13-Sep-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
qnumdenbi ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → (((𝐵 gcd 𝐶) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = (𝐵 / 𝐶)) ↔ ((numer‘𝐴) = 𝐵 ∧ (denom‘𝐴) = 𝐶)))

Proof of Theorem qnumdenbi
Dummy variable 𝑎 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 qredeu 15315 . . . . . . 7 (𝐴 ∈ ℚ → ∃!𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎))))
2 riotacl 6590 . . . . . . 7 (∃!𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎))) → (𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))) ∈ (ℤ × ℕ))
3 1st2nd2 7165 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))) ∈ (ℤ × ℕ) → (𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))) = ⟨(1st ‘(𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎))))), (2nd ‘(𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))))⟩)
41, 2, 33syl 18 . . . . . 6 (𝐴 ∈ ℚ → (𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))) = ⟨(1st ‘(𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎))))), (2nd ‘(𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))))⟩)
5 qnumval 15388 . . . . . . 7 (𝐴 ∈ ℚ → (numer‘𝐴) = (1st ‘(𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎))))))
6 qdenval 15389 . . . . . . 7 (𝐴 ∈ ℚ → (denom‘𝐴) = (2nd ‘(𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎))))))
75, 6opeq12d 4385 . . . . . 6 (𝐴 ∈ ℚ → ⟨(numer‘𝐴), (denom‘𝐴)⟩ = ⟨(1st ‘(𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎))))), (2nd ‘(𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))))⟩)
84, 7eqtr4d 2658 . . . . 5 (𝐴 ∈ ℚ → (𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))) = ⟨(numer‘𝐴), (denom‘𝐴)⟩)
98eqeq1d 2623 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ ℚ → ((𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))) = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ ⟨(numer‘𝐴), (denom‘𝐴)⟩ = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))
1093ad2ant1 1080 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))) = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ ⟨(numer‘𝐴), (denom‘𝐴)⟩ = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))
11 fvex 6168 . . . 4 (numer‘𝐴) ∈ V
12 fvex 6168 . . . 4 (denom‘𝐴) ∈ V
1311, 12opth 4915 . . 3 (⟨(numer‘𝐴), (denom‘𝐴)⟩ = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ ((numer‘𝐴) = 𝐵 ∧ (denom‘𝐴) = 𝐶))
1410, 13syl6rbb 277 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → (((numer‘𝐴) = 𝐵 ∧ (denom‘𝐴) = 𝐶) ↔ (𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))) = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))
15 opelxpi 5118 . . . 4 ((𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ∈ (ℤ × ℕ))
16153adant1 1077 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ∈ (ℤ × ℕ))
1713ad2ant1 1080 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → ∃!𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎))))
18 fveq2 6158 . . . . . . 7 (𝑎 = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ → (1st𝑎) = (1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))
19 fveq2 6158 . . . . . . 7 (𝑎 = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ → (2nd𝑎) = (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))
2018, 19oveq12d 6633 . . . . . 6 (𝑎 = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ → ((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) gcd (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)))
2120eqeq1d 2623 . . . . 5 (𝑎 = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ → (((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ↔ ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) gcd (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) = 1))
2218, 19oveq12d 6633 . . . . . 6 (𝑎 = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ → ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)) = ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) / (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)))
2322eqeq2d 2631 . . . . 5 (𝑎 = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ → (𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)) ↔ 𝐴 = ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) / (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))))
2421, 23anbi12d 746 . . . 4 (𝑎 = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ → ((((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎))) ↔ (((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) gcd (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) / (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)))))
2524riota2 6598 . . 3 ((⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ∈ (ℤ × ℕ) ∧ ∃!𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))) → ((((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) gcd (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) / (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))) ↔ (𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))) = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))
2616, 17, 25syl2anc 692 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → ((((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) gcd (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) / (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))) ↔ (𝑎 ∈ (ℤ × ℕ)(((1st𝑎) gcd (2nd𝑎)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st𝑎) / (2nd𝑎)))) = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))
27 op1stg 7140 . . . . . 6 ((𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → (1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) = 𝐵)
28 op2ndg 7141 . . . . . 6 ((𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) = 𝐶)
2927, 28oveq12d 6633 . . . . 5 ((𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) gcd (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) = (𝐵 gcd 𝐶))
30293adant1 1077 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) gcd (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) = (𝐵 gcd 𝐶))
3130eqeq1d 2623 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → (((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) gcd (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) = 1 ↔ (𝐵 gcd 𝐶) = 1))
32273adant1 1077 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → (1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) = 𝐵)
33283adant1 1077 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) = 𝐶)
3432, 33oveq12d 6633 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) / (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) = (𝐵 / 𝐶))
3534eqeq2d 2631 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴 = ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) / (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) ↔ 𝐴 = (𝐵 / 𝐶)))
3631, 35anbi12d 746 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → ((((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) gcd (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = ((1st ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩) / (2nd ‘⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩))) ↔ ((𝐵 gcd 𝐶) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = (𝐵 / 𝐶))))
3714, 26, 363bitr2rd 297 1 ((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → (((𝐵 gcd 𝐶) = 1 ∧ 𝐴 = (𝐵 / 𝐶)) ↔ ((numer‘𝐴) = 𝐵 ∧ (denom‘𝐴) = 𝐶)))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ↔ wb 196   ∧ wa 384   ∧ w3a 1036   = wceq 1480   ∈ wcel 1987  ∃!wreu 2910  ⟨cop 4161   × cxp 5082  ‘cfv 5857  ℩crio 6575  (class class class)co 6615  1st c1st 7126  2nd c2nd 7127  1c1 9897   / cdiv 10644  ℕcn 10980  ℤcz 11337  ℚcq 11748   gcd cgcd 15159  numercnumer 15384  denomcdenom 15385 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1719  ax-4 1734  ax-5 1836  ax-6 1885  ax-7 1932  ax-8 1989  ax-9 1996  ax-10 2016  ax-11 2031  ax-12 2044  ax-13 2245  ax-ext 2601  ax-sep 4751  ax-nul 4759  ax-pow 4813  ax-pr 4877  ax-un 6914  ax-cnex 9952  ax-resscn 9953  ax-1cn 9954  ax-icn 9955  ax-addcl 9956  ax-addrcl 9957  ax-mulcl 9958  ax-mulrcl 9959  ax-mulcom 9960  ax-addass 9961  ax-mulass 9962  ax-distr 9963  ax-i2m1 9964  ax-1ne0 9965  ax-1rid 9966  ax-rnegex 9967  ax-rrecex 9968  ax-cnre 9969  ax-pre-lttri 9970  ax-pre-lttrn 9971  ax-pre-ltadd 9972  ax-pre-mulgt0 9973  ax-pre-sup 9974 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 385  df-an 386  df-3or 1037  df-3an 1038  df-tru 1483  df-ex 1702  df-nf 1707  df-sb 1878  df-eu 2473  df-mo 2474  df-clab 2608  df-cleq 2614  df-clel 2617  df-nfc 2750  df-ne 2791  df-nel 2894  df-ral 2913  df-rex 2914  df-reu 2915  df-rmo 2916  df-rab 2917  df-v 3192  df-sbc 3423  df-csb 3520  df-dif 3563  df-un 3565  df-in 3567  df-ss 3574  df-pss 3576  df-nul 3898  df-if 4065  df-pw 4138  df-sn 4156  df-pr 4158  df-tp 4160  df-op 4162  df-uni 4410  df-iun 4494  df-br 4624  df-opab 4684  df-mpt 4685  df-tr 4723  df-eprel 4995  df-id 4999  df-po 5005  df-so 5006  df-fr 5043  df-we 5045  df-xp 5090  df-rel 5091  df-cnv 5092  df-co 5093  df-dm 5094  df-rn 5095  df-res 5096  df-ima 5097  df-pred 5649  df-ord 5695  df-on 5696  df-lim 5697  df-suc 5698  df-iota 5820  df-fun 5859  df-fn 5860  df-f 5861  df-f1 5862  df-fo 5863  df-f1o 5864  df-fv 5865  df-riota 6576  df-ov 6618  df-oprab 6619  df-mpt2 6620  df-om 7028  df-1st 7128  df-2nd 7129  df-wrecs 7367  df-recs 7428  df-rdg 7466  df-er 7702  df-en 7916  df-dom 7917  df-sdom 7918  df-sup 8308  df-inf 8309  df-pnf 10036  df-mnf 10037  df-xr 10038  df-ltxr 10039  df-le 10040  df-sub 10228  df-neg 10229  df-div 10645  df-nn 10981  df-2 11039  df-3 11040  df-n0 11253  df-z 11338  df-uz 11648  df-q 11749  df-rp 11793  df-fl 12549  df-mod 12625  df-seq 12758  df-exp 12817  df-cj 13789  df-re 13790  df-im 13791  df-sqrt 13925  df-abs 13926  df-dvds 14927  df-gcd 15160  df-numer 15386  df-denom 15387 This theorem is referenced by:  qnumdencoprm  15396  qeqnumdivden  15397  divnumden  15399  numdensq  15405  numdenneg  29446  qqh0  29852  qqh1  29853
 Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator