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Theorem eu2 1992
Description: An alternate way of defining existential uniqueness. Definition 6.10 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 26. (Contributed by NM, 8-Jul-1994.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
eu2.1 𝑦𝜑
Assertion
Ref Expression
eu2 (∃!𝑥𝜑 ↔ (∃𝑥𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦
Allowed substitution hints:   𝜑(𝑥,𝑦)

Proof of Theorem eu2
StepHypRef Expression
1 euex 1978 . . 3 (∃!𝑥𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝜑)
2 eu2.1 . . . . . 6 𝑦𝜑
32nfri 1457 . . . . 5 (𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝜑)
43eumo0 1979 . . . 4 (∃!𝑥𝜑 → ∃𝑦𝑥(𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦))
52mo23 1989 . . . 4 (∃𝑦𝑥(𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦) → ∀𝑥𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦))
64, 5syl 14 . . 3 (∃!𝑥𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦))
71, 6jca 300 . 2 (∃!𝑥𝜑 → (∃𝑥𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)))
8 19.29r 1557 . . . 4 ((∃𝑥𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)) → ∃𝑥(𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)))
9 impexp 259 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦) ↔ (𝜑 → ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)))
109albii 1404 . . . . . . . 8 (∀𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑦(𝜑 → ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)))
11219.21 1520 . . . . . . . 8 (∀𝑦(𝜑 → ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)) ↔ (𝜑 → ∀𝑦([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)))
1210, 11bitri 182 . . . . . . 7 (∀𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦) ↔ (𝜑 → ∀𝑦([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)))
1312anbi2i 445 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)) ↔ (𝜑 ∧ (𝜑 → ∀𝑦([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦))))
14 abai 527 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)) ↔ (𝜑 ∧ (𝜑 → ∀𝑦([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦))))
1513, 14bitr4i 185 . . . . 5 ((𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)) ↔ (𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)))
1615exbii 1541 . . . 4 (∃𝑥(𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)) ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)))
178, 16sylib 120 . . 3 ((∃𝑥𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)) → ∃𝑥(𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)))
183eu1 1973 . . 3 (∃!𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦)))
1917, 18sylibr 132 . 2 ((∃𝑥𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)) → ∃!𝑥𝜑)
207, 19impbii 124 1 (∃!𝑥𝜑 ↔ (∃𝑥𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑦((𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑) → 𝑥 = 𝑦)))
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 102  wb 103  wal 1287  wnf 1394  wex 1426  [wsb 1692  ∃!weu 1948
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-io 665  ax-5 1381  ax-7 1382  ax-gen 1383  ax-ie1 1427  ax-ie2 1428  ax-8 1440  ax-10 1441  ax-11 1442  ax-i12 1443  ax-bndl 1444  ax-4 1445  ax-17 1464  ax-i9 1468  ax-ial 1472  ax-i5r 1473
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-nf 1395  df-sb 1693  df-eu 1951
This theorem is referenced by:  eu3h  1993  mo3h  2001  bm1.1  2073  reu2  2801
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