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Theorem efexp 14875
 Description: Exponential function to an integer power. Corollary 15-4.4 of [Gleason] p. 309, restricted to integers. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-Jun-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
efexp ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (exp‘(𝑁 · 𝐴)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑁))

Proof of Theorem efexp
Dummy variables 𝑗 𝑘 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 zcn 11420 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → 𝑁 ∈ ℂ)
2 mulcom 10060 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 · 𝑁) = (𝑁 · 𝐴))
31, 2sylan2 490 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴 · 𝑁) = (𝑁 · 𝐴))
43fveq2d 6233 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑁)) = (exp‘(𝑁 · 𝐴)))
5 oveq2 6698 . . . . . 6 (𝑗 = 0 → (𝐴 · 𝑗) = (𝐴 · 0))
65fveq2d 6233 . . . . 5 (𝑗 = 0 → (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑗)) = (exp‘(𝐴 · 0)))
7 oveq2 6698 . . . . 5 (𝑗 = 0 → ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑗) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑0))
86, 7eqeq12d 2666 . . . 4 (𝑗 = 0 → ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑗)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑗) ↔ (exp‘(𝐴 · 0)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑0)))
9 oveq2 6698 . . . . . 6 (𝑗 = 𝑘 → (𝐴 · 𝑗) = (𝐴 · 𝑘))
109fveq2d 6233 . . . . 5 (𝑗 = 𝑘 → (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑗)) = (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)))
11 oveq2 6698 . . . . 5 (𝑗 = 𝑘 → ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑗) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘))
1210, 11eqeq12d 2666 . . . 4 (𝑗 = 𝑘 → ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑗)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑗) ↔ (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘)))
13 oveq2 6698 . . . . . 6 (𝑗 = (𝑘 + 1) → (𝐴 · 𝑗) = (𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1)))
1413fveq2d 6233 . . . . 5 (𝑗 = (𝑘 + 1) → (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑗)) = (exp‘(𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1))))
15 oveq2 6698 . . . . 5 (𝑗 = (𝑘 + 1) → ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑗) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑(𝑘 + 1)))
1614, 15eqeq12d 2666 . . . 4 (𝑗 = (𝑘 + 1) → ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑗)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑗) ↔ (exp‘(𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1))) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑(𝑘 + 1))))
17 oveq2 6698 . . . . . 6 (𝑗 = -𝑘 → (𝐴 · 𝑗) = (𝐴 · -𝑘))
1817fveq2d 6233 . . . . 5 (𝑗 = -𝑘 → (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑗)) = (exp‘(𝐴 · -𝑘)))
19 oveq2 6698 . . . . 5 (𝑗 = -𝑘 → ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑗) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑-𝑘))
2018, 19eqeq12d 2666 . . . 4 (𝑗 = -𝑘 → ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑗)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑗) ↔ (exp‘(𝐴 · -𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑-𝑘)))
21 oveq2 6698 . . . . . 6 (𝑗 = 𝑁 → (𝐴 · 𝑗) = (𝐴 · 𝑁))
2221fveq2d 6233 . . . . 5 (𝑗 = 𝑁 → (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑗)) = (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑁)))
23 oveq2 6698 . . . . 5 (𝑗 = 𝑁 → ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑗) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑁))
2422, 23eqeq12d 2666 . . . 4 (𝑗 = 𝑁 → ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑗)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑗) ↔ (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑁)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑁)))
25 ef0 14865 . . . . 5 (exp‘0) = 1
26 mul01 10253 . . . . . 6 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 · 0) = 0)
2726fveq2d 6233 . . . . 5 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (exp‘(𝐴 · 0)) = (exp‘0))
28 efcl 14857 . . . . . 6 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (exp‘𝐴) ∈ ℂ)
2928exp0d 13042 . . . . 5 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ((exp‘𝐴)↑0) = 1)
3025, 27, 293eqtr4a 2711 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (exp‘(𝐴 · 0)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑0))
31 oveq1 6697 . . . . . . 7 ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘) → ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) · (exp‘𝐴)) = (((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘) · (exp‘𝐴)))
3231adantl 481 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘)) → ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) · (exp‘𝐴)) = (((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘) · (exp‘𝐴)))
33 nn0cn 11340 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℂ)
34 ax-1cn 10032 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1 ∈ ℂ
35 adddi 10063 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℂ ∧ 1 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1)) = ((𝐴 · 𝑘) + (𝐴 · 1)))
3634, 35mp3an3 1453 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1)) = ((𝐴 · 𝑘) + (𝐴 · 1)))
37 mulid1 10075 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 · 1) = 𝐴)
3837adantr 480 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 · 1) = 𝐴)
3938oveq2d 6706 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 · 𝑘) + (𝐴 · 1)) = ((𝐴 · 𝑘) + 𝐴))
4036, 39eqtrd 2685 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1)) = ((𝐴 · 𝑘) + 𝐴))
4133, 40sylan2 490 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1)) = ((𝐴 · 𝑘) + 𝐴))
4241fveq2d 6233 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (exp‘(𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1))) = (exp‘((𝐴 · 𝑘) + 𝐴)))
43 mulcl 10058 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 · 𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
4433, 43sylan2 490 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴 · 𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
45 simpl 472 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐴 ∈ ℂ)
46 efadd 14868 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐴 · 𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℂ) → (exp‘((𝐴 · 𝑘) + 𝐴)) = ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) · (exp‘𝐴)))
4744, 45, 46syl2anc 694 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (exp‘((𝐴 · 𝑘) + 𝐴)) = ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) · (exp‘𝐴)))
4842, 47eqtrd 2685 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (exp‘(𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1))) = ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) · (exp‘𝐴)))
4948adantr 480 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘)) → (exp‘(𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1))) = ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) · (exp‘𝐴)))
50 expp1 12907 . . . . . . . 8 (((exp‘𝐴) ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((exp‘𝐴)↑(𝑘 + 1)) = (((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘) · (exp‘𝐴)))
5128, 50sylan 487 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((exp‘𝐴)↑(𝑘 + 1)) = (((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘) · (exp‘𝐴)))
5251adantr 480 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘)) → ((exp‘𝐴)↑(𝑘 + 1)) = (((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘) · (exp‘𝐴)))
5332, 49, 523eqtr4d 2695 . . . . 5 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘)) → (exp‘(𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1))) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑(𝑘 + 1)))
5453exp31 629 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 → ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘) → (exp‘(𝐴 · (𝑘 + 1))) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑(𝑘 + 1)))))
55 oveq2 6698 . . . . . 6 ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘) → (1 / (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘))) = (1 / ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘)))
56 nncn 11066 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → 𝑘 ∈ ℂ)
57 mulneg2 10505 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 · -𝑘) = -(𝐴 · 𝑘))
5856, 57sylan2 490 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴 · -𝑘) = -(𝐴 · 𝑘))
5958fveq2d 6233 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (exp‘(𝐴 · -𝑘)) = (exp‘-(𝐴 · 𝑘)))
6056, 43sylan2 490 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴 · 𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
61 efneg 14872 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 · 𝑘) ∈ ℂ → (exp‘-(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = (1 / (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘))))
6260, 61syl 17 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (exp‘-(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = (1 / (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘))))
6359, 62eqtrd 2685 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (exp‘(𝐴 · -𝑘)) = (1 / (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘))))
64 nnnn0 11337 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0)
65 expneg 12908 . . . . . . . 8 (((exp‘𝐴) ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((exp‘𝐴)↑-𝑘) = (1 / ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘)))
6628, 64, 65syl2an 493 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((exp‘𝐴)↑-𝑘) = (1 / ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘)))
6763, 66eqeq12d 2666 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((exp‘(𝐴 · -𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑-𝑘) ↔ (1 / (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘))) = (1 / ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘))))
6855, 67syl5ibr 236 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘) → (exp‘(𝐴 · -𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑-𝑘)))
6968ex 449 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → ((exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑘) → (exp‘(𝐴 · -𝑘)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑-𝑘))))
708, 12, 16, 20, 24, 30, 54, 69zindd 11516 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑁)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑁)))
7170imp 444 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (exp‘(𝐴 · 𝑁)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑁))
724, 71eqtr3d 2687 1 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (exp‘(𝑁 · 𝐴)) = ((exp‘𝐴)↑𝑁))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ∧ wa 383   = wceq 1523   ∈ wcel 2030  ‘cfv 5926  (class class class)co 6690  ℂcc 9972  0cc0 9974  1c1 9975   + caddc 9977   · cmul 9979  -cneg 10305   / cdiv 10722  ℕcn 11058  ℕ0cn0 11330  ℤcz 11415  ↑cexp 12900  expce 14836 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1762  ax-4 1777  ax-5 1879  ax-6 1945  ax-7 1981  ax-8 2032  ax-9 2039  ax-10 2059  ax-11 2074  ax-12 2087  ax-13 2282  ax-ext 2631  ax-rep 4804  ax-sep 4814  ax-nul 4822  ax-pow 4873  ax-pr 4936  ax-un 6991  ax-inf2 8576  ax-cnex 10030  ax-resscn 10031  ax-1cn 10032  ax-icn 10033  ax-addcl 10034  ax-addrcl 10035  ax-mulcl 10036  ax-mulrcl 10037  ax-mulcom 10038  ax-addass 10039  ax-mulass 10040  ax-distr 10041  ax-i2m1 10042  ax-1ne0 10043  ax-1rid 10044  ax-rnegex 10045  ax-rrecex 10046  ax-cnre 10047  ax-pre-lttri 10048  ax-pre-lttrn 10049  ax-pre-ltadd 10050  ax-pre-mulgt0 10051  ax-pre-sup 10052  ax-addf 10053  ax-mulf 10054 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-or 384  df-an 385  df-3or 1055  df-3an 1056  df-tru 1526  df-fal 1529  df-ex 1745  df-nf 1750  df-sb 1938  df-eu 2502  df-mo 2503  df-clab 2638  df-cleq 2644  df-clel 2647  df-nfc 2782  df-ne 2824  df-nel 2927  df-ral 2946  df-rex 2947  df-reu 2948  df-rmo 2949  df-rab 2950  df-v 3233  df-sbc 3469  df-csb 3567  df-dif 3610  df-un 3612  df-in 3614  df-ss 3621  df-pss 3623  df-nul 3949  df-if 4120  df-pw 4193  df-sn 4211  df-pr 4213  df-tp 4215  df-op 4217  df-uni 4469  df-int 4508  df-iun 4554  df-br 4686  df-opab 4746  df-mpt 4763  df-tr 4786  df-id 5053  df-eprel 5058  df-po 5064  df-so 5065  df-fr 5102  df-se 5103  df-we 5104  df-xp 5149  df-rel 5150  df-cnv 5151  df-co 5152  df-dm 5153  df-rn 5154  df-res 5155  df-ima 5156  df-pred 5718  df-ord 5764  df-on 5765  df-lim 5766  df-suc 5767  df-iota 5889  df-fun 5928  df-fn 5929  df-f 5930  df-f1 5931  df-fo 5932  df-f1o 5933  df-fv 5934  df-isom 5935  df-riota 6651  df-ov 6693  df-oprab 6694  df-mpt2 6695  df-om 7108  df-1st 7210  df-2nd 7211  df-wrecs 7452  df-recs 7513  df-rdg 7551  df-1o 7605  df-oadd 7609  df-er 7787  df-pm 7902  df-en 7998  df-dom 7999  df-sdom 8000  df-fin 8001  df-sup 8389  df-inf 8390  df-oi 8456  df-card 8803  df-pnf 10114  df-mnf 10115  df-xr 10116  df-ltxr 10117  df-le 10118  df-sub 10306  df-neg 10307  df-div 10723  df-nn 11059  df-2 11117  df-3 11118  df-n0 11331  df-z 11416  df-uz 11726  df-rp 11871  df-ico 12219  df-fz 12365  df-fzo 12505  df-fl 12633  df-seq 12842  df-exp 12901  df-fac 13101  df-bc 13130  df-hash 13158  df-shft 13851  df-cj 13883  df-re 13884  df-im 13885  df-sqrt 14019  df-abs 14020  df-limsup 14246  df-clim 14263  df-rlim 14264  df-sum 14461  df-ef 14842 This theorem is referenced by:  efzval  14876  efgt0  14877  tanval3  14908  demoivre  14974  ef2kpi  24275  efif1olem4  24336  explog  24385  reexplog  24386  relogexp  24387  tanarg  24410  root1eq1  24541  vtsprod  30845
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