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Theorem regexmid 4313
Description: The axiom of foundation implies excluded middle.

By foundation (or regularity), we mean the principle that every inhabited set has an element which is minimal (when arranged by ). The statement of foundation here is taken from Metamath Proof Explorer's ax-reg, and is identical (modulo one unnecessary quantifier) to the statement of foundation in Theorem "Foundation implies instances of EM" of [Crosilla], p. "Set-theoretic principles incompatible with intuitionistic logic".

For this reason, IZF does not adopt foundation as an axiom and instead replaces it with ax-setind 4315. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Sep-2019.)

Hypothesis
Ref Expression
regexmid.1 (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)))
Assertion
Ref Expression
regexmid (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑)
Distinct variable group:   𝜑,𝑥,𝑦,𝑧

Proof of Theorem regexmid
Dummy variable 𝑤 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqid 2083 . . 3 {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}
21regexmidlemm 4310 . 2 𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}
3 pp0ex 3987 . . . 4 {∅, {∅}} ∈ V
43rabex 3948 . . 3 {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∈ V
5 eleq2 2146 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (𝑦𝑥𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
65exbidv 1748 . . . 4 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
7 eleq2 2146 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (𝑧𝑥𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
87notbid 625 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (¬ 𝑧𝑥 ↔ ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))
98imbi2d 228 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥) ↔ (𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
109albidv 1747 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
115, 10anbi12d 457 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)) ↔ (𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))))
1211exbidv 1748 . . . 4 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → (∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)) ↔ ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))}))))
136, 12imbi12d 232 . . 3 (𝑥 = {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ((∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥))) ↔ (∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))))
14 regexmid.1 . . 3 (∃𝑦 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑦(𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧𝑥)))
154, 13, 14vtocl 2664 . 2 (∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} → ∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})))
161regexmidlem1 4311 . 2 (∃𝑦(𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))} ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ¬ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ {∅, {∅}} ∣ (𝑤 = {∅} ∨ (𝑤 = ∅ ∧ 𝜑))})) → (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑))
172, 15, 16mp2b 8 1 (𝜑 ∨ ¬ 𝜑)
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 102  wo 662  wal 1283   = wceq 1285  wex 1422  wcel 1434  {crab 2357  c0 3269  {csn 3422  {cpr 3423
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-in1 577  ax-in2 578  ax-io 663  ax-5 1377  ax-7 1378  ax-gen 1379  ax-ie1 1423  ax-ie2 1424  ax-8 1436  ax-10 1437  ax-11 1438  ax-i12 1439  ax-bndl 1440  ax-4 1441  ax-14 1446  ax-17 1460  ax-i9 1464  ax-ial 1468  ax-i5r 1469  ax-ext 2065  ax-sep 3922  ax-nul 3930  ax-pow 3974
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-tru 1288  df-nf 1391  df-sb 1688  df-clab 2070  df-cleq 2076  df-clel 2079  df-nfc 2212  df-rab 2362  df-v 2614  df-dif 2986  df-un 2988  df-in 2990  df-ss 2997  df-nul 3270  df-pw 3408  df-sn 3428  df-pr 3429
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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