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Theorem coass 5025
Description: Associative law for class composition. Theorem 27 of [Suppes] p. 64. Also Exercise 21 of [Enderton] p. 53. Interestingly, this law holds for any classes whatsoever, not just functions or even relations. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jan-1997.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
coass  |-  ( ( A  o.  B )  o.  C )  =  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C )
)

Proof of Theorem coass
Dummy variables  x  y  z  w are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 relco 5005 . 2  |-  Rel  (
( A  o.  B
)  o.  C )
2 relco 5005 . 2  |-  Rel  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C ) )
3 excom 1625 . . . 4  |-  ( E. z E. w ( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) )  <->  E. w E. z ( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
4 anass 396 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y )  <->  ( x C z  /\  (
z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
542exbii 1568 . . . 4  |-  ( E. w E. z ( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y )  <->  E. w E. z ( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
63, 5bitr4i 186 . . 3  |-  ( E. z E. w ( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) )  <->  E. w E. z ( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
7 vex 2661 . . . . . . 7  |-  z  e. 
_V
8 vex 2661 . . . . . . 7  |-  y  e. 
_V
97, 8brco 4678 . . . . . 6  |-  ( z ( A  o.  B
) y  <->  E. w
( z B w  /\  w A y ) )
109anbi2i 450 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( x C z  /\  z ( A  o.  B ) y )  <-> 
( x C z  /\  E. w ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
1110exbii 1567 . . . 4  |-  ( E. z ( x C z  /\  z ( A  o.  B ) y )  <->  E. z
( x C z  /\  E. w ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
12 vex 2661 . . . . 5  |-  x  e. 
_V
1312, 8opelco 4679 . . . 4  |-  ( <.
x ,  y >.  e.  ( ( A  o.  B )  o.  C
)  <->  E. z ( x C z  /\  z
( A  o.  B
) y ) )
14 exdistr 1861 . . . 4  |-  ( E. z E. w ( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) )  <->  E. z
( x C z  /\  E. w ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
1511, 13, 143bitr4i 211 . . 3  |-  ( <.
x ,  y >.  e.  ( ( A  o.  B )  o.  C
)  <->  E. z E. w
( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
16 vex 2661 . . . . . . 7  |-  w  e. 
_V
1712, 16brco 4678 . . . . . 6  |-  ( x ( B  o.  C
) w  <->  E. z
( x C z  /\  z B w ) )
1817anbi1i 451 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( x ( B  o.  C ) w  /\  w A y )  <->  ( E. z ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
1918exbii 1567 . . . 4  |-  ( E. w ( x ( B  o.  C ) w  /\  w A y )  <->  E. w
( E. z ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
2012, 8opelco 4679 . . . 4  |-  ( <.
x ,  y >.  e.  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C )
)  <->  E. w ( x ( B  o.  C
) w  /\  w A y ) )
21 19.41v 1856 . . . . 5  |-  ( E. z ( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y )  <->  ( E. z ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
2221exbii 1567 . . . 4  |-  ( E. w E. z ( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y )  <->  E. w
( E. z ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
2319, 20, 223bitr4i 211 . . 3  |-  ( <.
x ,  y >.  e.  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C )
)  <->  E. w E. z
( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
246, 15, 233bitr4i 211 . 2  |-  ( <.
x ,  y >.  e.  ( ( A  o.  B )  o.  C
)  <->  <. x ,  y
>.  e.  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C
) ) )
251, 2, 24eqrelriiv 4601 1  |-  ( ( A  o.  B )  o.  C )  =  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C )
)
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    /\ wa 103    = wceq 1314   E.wex 1451    e. wcel 1463   <.cop 3498   class class class wbr 3897    o. ccom 4511
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-ia1 105  ax-ia2 106  ax-ia3 107  ax-io 681  ax-5 1406  ax-7 1407  ax-gen 1408  ax-ie1 1452  ax-ie2 1453  ax-8 1465  ax-10 1466  ax-11 1467  ax-i12 1468  ax-bndl 1469  ax-4 1470  ax-14 1475  ax-17 1489  ax-i9 1493  ax-ial 1497  ax-i5r 1498  ax-ext 2097  ax-sep 4014  ax-pow 4066  ax-pr 4099
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 116  df-3an 947  df-tru 1317  df-nf 1420  df-sb 1719  df-eu 1978  df-mo 1979  df-clab 2102  df-cleq 2108  df-clel 2111  df-nfc 2245  df-ral 2396  df-rex 2397  df-v 2660  df-un 3043  df-in 3045  df-ss 3052  df-pw 3480  df-sn 3501  df-pr 3502  df-op 3504  df-br 3898  df-opab 3958  df-xp 4513  df-rel 4514  df-co 4516
This theorem is referenced by:  funcoeqres  5364  fcof1o  5656  tposco  6138  mapen  6706  hashfacen  10519
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