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Theorem coass 4936
Description: Associative law for class composition. Theorem 27 of [Suppes] p. 64. Also Exercise 21 of [Enderton] p. 53. Interestingly, this law holds for any classes whatsoever, not just functions or even relations. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jan-1997.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
coass  |-  ( ( A  o.  B )  o.  C )  =  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C )
)

Proof of Theorem coass
Dummy variables  x  y  z  w are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 relco 4916 . 2  |-  Rel  (
( A  o.  B
)  o.  C )
2 relco 4916 . 2  |-  Rel  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C ) )
3 excom 1599 . . . 4  |-  ( E. z E. w ( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) )  <->  E. w E. z ( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
4 anass 393 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y )  <->  ( x C z  /\  (
z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
542exbii 1542 . . . 4  |-  ( E. w E. z ( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y )  <->  E. w E. z ( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
63, 5bitr4i 185 . . 3  |-  ( E. z E. w ( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) )  <->  E. w E. z ( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
7 vex 2622 . . . . . . 7  |-  z  e. 
_V
8 vex 2622 . . . . . . 7  |-  y  e. 
_V
97, 8brco 4595 . . . . . 6  |-  ( z ( A  o.  B
) y  <->  E. w
( z B w  /\  w A y ) )
109anbi2i 445 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( x C z  /\  z ( A  o.  B ) y )  <-> 
( x C z  /\  E. w ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
1110exbii 1541 . . . 4  |-  ( E. z ( x C z  /\  z ( A  o.  B ) y )  <->  E. z
( x C z  /\  E. w ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
12 vex 2622 . . . . 5  |-  x  e. 
_V
1312, 8opelco 4596 . . . 4  |-  ( <.
x ,  y >.  e.  ( ( A  o.  B )  o.  C
)  <->  E. z ( x C z  /\  z
( A  o.  B
) y ) )
14 exdistr 1835 . . . 4  |-  ( E. z E. w ( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) )  <->  E. z
( x C z  /\  E. w ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
1511, 13, 143bitr4i 210 . . 3  |-  ( <.
x ,  y >.  e.  ( ( A  o.  B )  o.  C
)  <->  E. z E. w
( x C z  /\  ( z B w  /\  w A y ) ) )
16 vex 2622 . . . . . . 7  |-  w  e. 
_V
1712, 16brco 4595 . . . . . 6  |-  ( x ( B  o.  C
) w  <->  E. z
( x C z  /\  z B w ) )
1817anbi1i 446 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( x ( B  o.  C ) w  /\  w A y )  <->  ( E. z ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
1918exbii 1541 . . . 4  |-  ( E. w ( x ( B  o.  C ) w  /\  w A y )  <->  E. w
( E. z ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
2012, 8opelco 4596 . . . 4  |-  ( <.
x ,  y >.  e.  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C )
)  <->  E. w ( x ( B  o.  C
) w  /\  w A y ) )
21 19.41v 1830 . . . . 5  |-  ( E. z ( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y )  <->  ( E. z ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
2221exbii 1541 . . . 4  |-  ( E. w E. z ( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y )  <->  E. w
( E. z ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
2319, 20, 223bitr4i 210 . . 3  |-  ( <.
x ,  y >.  e.  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C )
)  <->  E. w E. z
( ( x C z  /\  z B w )  /\  w A y ) )
246, 15, 233bitr4i 210 . 2  |-  ( <.
x ,  y >.  e.  ( ( A  o.  B )  o.  C
)  <->  <. x ,  y
>.  e.  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C
) ) )
251, 2, 24eqrelriiv 4520 1  |-  ( ( A  o.  B )  o.  C )  =  ( A  o.  ( B  o.  C )
)
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    /\ wa 102    = wceq 1289   E.wex 1426    e. wcel 1438   <.cop 3444   class class class wbr 3837    o. ccom 4432
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-io 665  ax-5 1381  ax-7 1382  ax-gen 1383  ax-ie1 1427  ax-ie2 1428  ax-8 1440  ax-10 1441  ax-11 1442  ax-i12 1443  ax-bndl 1444  ax-4 1445  ax-14 1450  ax-17 1464  ax-i9 1468  ax-ial 1472  ax-i5r 1473  ax-ext 2070  ax-sep 3949  ax-pow 4001  ax-pr 4027
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-3an 926  df-tru 1292  df-nf 1395  df-sb 1693  df-eu 1951  df-mo 1952  df-clab 2075  df-cleq 2081  df-clel 2084  df-nfc 2217  df-ral 2364  df-rex 2365  df-v 2621  df-un 3001  df-in 3003  df-ss 3010  df-pw 3427  df-sn 3447  df-pr 3448  df-op 3450  df-br 3838  df-opab 3892  df-xp 4434  df-rel 4435  df-co 4437
This theorem is referenced by:  funcoeqres  5268  fcof1o  5550  tposco  6022  mapen  6542  hashfacen  10206
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