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Theorem coass 4915
Description: Associative law for class composition. Theorem 27 of [Suppes] p. 64. Also Exercise 21 of [Enderton] p. 53. Interestingly, this law holds for any classes whatsoever, not just functions or even relations. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jan-1997.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
coass ((𝐴𝐵) ∘ 𝐶) = (𝐴 ∘ (𝐵𝐶))

Proof of Theorem coass
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 𝑧 𝑤 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 relco 4895 . 2 Rel ((𝐴𝐵) ∘ 𝐶)
2 relco 4895 . 2 Rel (𝐴 ∘ (𝐵𝐶))
3 excom 1597 . . . 4 (∃𝑧𝑤(𝑥𝐶𝑧 ∧ (𝑧𝐵𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦)) ↔ ∃𝑤𝑧(𝑥𝐶𝑧 ∧ (𝑧𝐵𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦)))
4 anass 393 . . . . 5 (((𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧𝐵𝑤) ∧ 𝑤𝐴𝑦) ↔ (𝑥𝐶𝑧 ∧ (𝑧𝐵𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦)))
542exbii 1540 . . . 4 (∃𝑤𝑧((𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧𝐵𝑤) ∧ 𝑤𝐴𝑦) ↔ ∃𝑤𝑧(𝑥𝐶𝑧 ∧ (𝑧𝐵𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦)))
63, 5bitr4i 185 . . 3 (∃𝑧𝑤(𝑥𝐶𝑧 ∧ (𝑧𝐵𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦)) ↔ ∃𝑤𝑧((𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧𝐵𝑤) ∧ 𝑤𝐴𝑦))
7 vex 2618 . . . . . . 7 𝑧 ∈ V
8 vex 2618 . . . . . . 7 𝑦 ∈ V
97, 8brco 4575 . . . . . 6 (𝑧(𝐴𝐵)𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑤(𝑧𝐵𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦))
109anbi2i 445 . . . . 5 ((𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧(𝐴𝐵)𝑦) ↔ (𝑥𝐶𝑧 ∧ ∃𝑤(𝑧𝐵𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦)))
1110exbii 1539 . . . 4 (∃𝑧(𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧(𝐴𝐵)𝑦) ↔ ∃𝑧(𝑥𝐶𝑧 ∧ ∃𝑤(𝑧𝐵𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦)))
12 vex 2618 . . . . 5 𝑥 ∈ V
1312, 8opelco 4576 . . . 4 (⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∈ ((𝐴𝐵) ∘ 𝐶) ↔ ∃𝑧(𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧(𝐴𝐵)𝑦))
14 exdistr 1832 . . . 4 (∃𝑧𝑤(𝑥𝐶𝑧 ∧ (𝑧𝐵𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦)) ↔ ∃𝑧(𝑥𝐶𝑧 ∧ ∃𝑤(𝑧𝐵𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦)))
1511, 13, 143bitr4i 210 . . 3 (⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∈ ((𝐴𝐵) ∘ 𝐶) ↔ ∃𝑧𝑤(𝑥𝐶𝑧 ∧ (𝑧𝐵𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦)))
16 vex 2618 . . . . . . 7 𝑤 ∈ V
1712, 16brco 4575 . . . . . 6 (𝑥(𝐵𝐶)𝑤 ↔ ∃𝑧(𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧𝐵𝑤))
1817anbi1i 446 . . . . 5 ((𝑥(𝐵𝐶)𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦) ↔ (∃𝑧(𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧𝐵𝑤) ∧ 𝑤𝐴𝑦))
1918exbii 1539 . . . 4 (∃𝑤(𝑥(𝐵𝐶)𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦) ↔ ∃𝑤(∃𝑧(𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧𝐵𝑤) ∧ 𝑤𝐴𝑦))
2012, 8opelco 4576 . . . 4 (⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∈ (𝐴 ∘ (𝐵𝐶)) ↔ ∃𝑤(𝑥(𝐵𝐶)𝑤𝑤𝐴𝑦))
21 19.41v 1827 . . . . 5 (∃𝑧((𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧𝐵𝑤) ∧ 𝑤𝐴𝑦) ↔ (∃𝑧(𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧𝐵𝑤) ∧ 𝑤𝐴𝑦))
2221exbii 1539 . . . 4 (∃𝑤𝑧((𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧𝐵𝑤) ∧ 𝑤𝐴𝑦) ↔ ∃𝑤(∃𝑧(𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧𝐵𝑤) ∧ 𝑤𝐴𝑦))
2319, 20, 223bitr4i 210 . . 3 (⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∈ (𝐴 ∘ (𝐵𝐶)) ↔ ∃𝑤𝑧((𝑥𝐶𝑧𝑧𝐵𝑤) ∧ 𝑤𝐴𝑦))
246, 15, 233bitr4i 210 . 2 (⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∈ ((𝐴𝐵) ∘ 𝐶) ↔ ⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∈ (𝐴 ∘ (𝐵𝐶)))
251, 2, 24eqrelriiv 4500 1 ((𝐴𝐵) ∘ 𝐶) = (𝐴 ∘ (𝐵𝐶))
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  wa 102   = wceq 1287  wex 1424  wcel 1436  cop 3434   class class class wbr 3820  ccom 4415
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-io 663  ax-5 1379  ax-7 1380  ax-gen 1381  ax-ie1 1425  ax-ie2 1426  ax-8 1438  ax-10 1439  ax-11 1440  ax-i12 1441  ax-bndl 1442  ax-4 1443  ax-14 1448  ax-17 1462  ax-i9 1466  ax-ial 1470  ax-i5r 1471  ax-ext 2067  ax-sep 3932  ax-pow 3984  ax-pr 4010
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-3an 924  df-tru 1290  df-nf 1393  df-sb 1690  df-eu 1948  df-mo 1949  df-clab 2072  df-cleq 2078  df-clel 2081  df-nfc 2214  df-ral 2360  df-rex 2361  df-v 2617  df-un 2992  df-in 2994  df-ss 3001  df-pw 3417  df-sn 3437  df-pr 3438  df-op 3440  df-br 3821  df-opab 3875  df-xp 4417  df-rel 4418  df-co 4420
This theorem is referenced by:  funcoeqres  5247  fcof1o  5529  tposco  5994  mapen  6514  hashfacen  10137
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