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Theorem phival 16094
Description: Value of the Euler ϕ function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
phival (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (ϕ‘𝑁) = (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1}))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑁

Proof of Theorem phival
Dummy variable 𝑛 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 oveq2 7143 . . . 4 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (1...𝑛) = (1...𝑁))
2 oveq2 7143 . . . . 5 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (𝑥 gcd 𝑛) = (𝑥 gcd 𝑁))
32eqeq1d 2800 . . . 4 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → ((𝑥 gcd 𝑛) = 1 ↔ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1))
41, 3rabeqbidv 3433 . . 3 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → {𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑛) = 1} = {𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1})
54fveq2d 6649 . 2 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑛) = 1}) = (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1}))
6 df-phi 16093 . 2 ϕ = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑛) = 1}))
7 fvex 6658 . 2 (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1}) ∈ V
85, 6, 7fvmpt 6745 1 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (ϕ‘𝑁) = (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1}))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4   = wceq 1538  wcel 2111  {crab 3110  cfv 6324  (class class class)co 7135  1c1 10527  cn 11625  ...cfz 12885  chash 13686   gcd cgcd 15833  ϕcphi 16091
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1911  ax-6 1970  ax-7 2015  ax-8 2113  ax-9 2121  ax-10 2142  ax-11 2158  ax-12 2175  ax-ext 2770  ax-sep 5167  ax-nul 5174  ax-pr 5295
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2070  df-mo 2598  df-eu 2629  df-clab 2777  df-cleq 2791  df-clel 2870  df-nfc 2938  df-ral 3111  df-rex 3112  df-rab 3115  df-v 3443  df-sbc 3721  df-dif 3884  df-un 3886  df-in 3888  df-ss 3898  df-nul 4244  df-if 4426  df-sn 4526  df-pr 4528  df-op 4532  df-uni 4801  df-br 5031  df-opab 5093  df-mpt 5111  df-id 5425  df-xp 5525  df-rel 5526  df-cnv 5527  df-co 5528  df-dm 5529  df-iota 6283  df-fun 6326  df-fv 6332  df-ov 7138  df-phi 16093
This theorem is referenced by:  phicl2  16095  phibnd  16098  dfphi2  16101  phiprmpw  16103
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