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Theorem phival 15679
Description: Value of the Euler ϕ function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
phival (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (ϕ‘𝑁) = (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1}))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑁

Proof of Theorem phival
Dummy variable 𝑛 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 oveq2 6801 . . . 4 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (1...𝑛) = (1...𝑁))
2 oveq2 6801 . . . . 5 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (𝑥 gcd 𝑛) = (𝑥 gcd 𝑁))
32eqeq1d 2773 . . . 4 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → ((𝑥 gcd 𝑛) = 1 ↔ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1))
41, 3rabeqbidv 3345 . . 3 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → {𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑛) = 1} = {𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1})
54fveq2d 6336 . 2 (𝑛 = 𝑁 → (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑛) = 1}) = (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1}))
6 df-phi 15678 . 2 ϕ = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑛) = 1}))
7 fvex 6342 . 2 (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1}) ∈ V
85, 6, 7fvmpt 6424 1 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (ϕ‘𝑁) = (♯‘{𝑥 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ (𝑥 gcd 𝑁) = 1}))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4   = wceq 1631  wcel 2145  {crab 3065  cfv 6031  (class class class)co 6793  1c1 10139  cn 11222  ...cfz 12533  chash 13321   gcd cgcd 15424  ϕcphi 15676
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1870  ax-4 1885  ax-5 1991  ax-6 2057  ax-7 2093  ax-9 2154  ax-10 2174  ax-11 2190  ax-12 2203  ax-13 2408  ax-ext 2751  ax-sep 4915  ax-nul 4923  ax-pr 5034
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 197  df-an 383  df-or 837  df-3an 1073  df-tru 1634  df-ex 1853  df-nf 1858  df-sb 2050  df-eu 2622  df-mo 2623  df-clab 2758  df-cleq 2764  df-clel 2767  df-nfc 2902  df-ral 3066  df-rex 3067  df-rab 3070  df-v 3353  df-sbc 3588  df-dif 3726  df-un 3728  df-in 3730  df-ss 3737  df-nul 4064  df-if 4226  df-sn 4317  df-pr 4319  df-op 4323  df-uni 4575  df-br 4787  df-opab 4847  df-mpt 4864  df-id 5157  df-xp 5255  df-rel 5256  df-cnv 5257  df-co 5258  df-dm 5259  df-iota 5994  df-fun 6033  df-fv 6039  df-ov 6796  df-phi 15678
This theorem is referenced by:  phicl2  15680  phibnd  15683  dfphi2  15686  phiprmpw  15688
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