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Theorem snmlval 32686
Description: The property "𝐴 is simply normal in base 𝑅". A number is simply normal if each digit 0 ≤ 𝑏 < 𝑅 occurs in the base- 𝑅 digit string of 𝐴 with frequency 1 / 𝑅 (which is consistent with the expectation in an infinite random string of numbers selected from 0...𝑅 − 1). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Apr-2015.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
snml.s 𝑆 = (𝑟 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ↦ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑟 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) mod 𝑟)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑟)})
Assertion
Ref Expression
snmlval (𝐴 ∈ (𝑆𝑅) ↔ (𝑅 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑘,𝑏,𝑛,𝑥,𝐴   𝑟,𝑏,𝑅,𝑘,𝑛,𝑥
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐴(𝑟)   𝑆(𝑥,𝑘,𝑛,𝑟,𝑏)

Proof of Theorem snmlval
StepHypRef Expression
1 oveq1 7146 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → (𝑟 − 1) = (𝑅 − 1))
21oveq2d 7155 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → (0...(𝑟 − 1)) = (0...(𝑅 − 1)))
3 oveq1 7146 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → (𝑟𝑘) = (𝑅𝑘))
43oveq2d 7155 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → (𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) = (𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)))
5 id 22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑟 = 𝑅𝑟 = 𝑅)
64, 5oveq12d 7157 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → ((𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) mod 𝑟) = ((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅))
76fveqeq2d 6657 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → ((⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) mod 𝑟)) = 𝑏 ↔ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏))
87rabbidv 3430 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → {𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) mod 𝑟)) = 𝑏} = {𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏})
98fveq2d 6653 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → (♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) mod 𝑟)) = 𝑏}) = (♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}))
109oveq1d 7154 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) mod 𝑟)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛) = ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛))
1110mpteq2dv 5129 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) mod 𝑟)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)))
12 oveq2 7147 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → (1 / 𝑟) = (1 / 𝑅))
1311, 12breq12d 5046 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) mod 𝑟)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑟) ↔ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)))
142, 13raleqbidv 3357 . . . . . . 7 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → (∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑟 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) mod 𝑟)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑟) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)))
1514rabbidv 3430 . . . . . 6 (𝑟 = 𝑅 → {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑟 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) mod 𝑟)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑟)} = {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)})
16 snml.s . . . . . 6 𝑆 = (𝑟 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ↦ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑟 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑟𝑘)) mod 𝑟)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑟)})
17 reex 10621 . . . . . . 7 ℝ ∈ V
1817rabex 5202 . . . . . 6 {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)} ∈ V
1915, 16, 18fvmpt 6749 . . . . 5 (𝑅 ∈ (ℤ‘2) → (𝑆𝑅) = {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)})
2019eleq2d 2878 . . . 4 (𝑅 ∈ (ℤ‘2) → (𝐴 ∈ (𝑆𝑅) ↔ 𝐴 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)}))
21 oveq1 7146 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) = (𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)))
2221fvoveq1d 7161 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)))
2322eqeq1d 2803 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑥 = 𝐴 → ((⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏 ↔ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏))
2423rabbidv 3430 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = 𝐴 → {𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏} = {𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏})
2524fveq2d 6653 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) = (♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}))
2625oveq1d 7154 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = 𝐴 → ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛) = ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛))
2726mpteq2dv 5129 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)))
2827breq1d 5043 . . . . . 6 (𝑥 = 𝐴 → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅) ↔ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)))
2928ralbidv 3165 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)))
3029elrab 3631 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝑥 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)} ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)))
3120, 30syl6bb 290 . . 3 (𝑅 ∈ (ℤ‘2) → (𝐴 ∈ (𝑆𝑅) ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅))))
3231pm5.32i 578 . 2 ((𝑅 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝑆𝑅)) ↔ (𝑅 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅))))
3316dmmptss 6066 . . . 4 dom 𝑆 ⊆ (ℤ‘2)
34 elfvdm 6681 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ (𝑆𝑅) → 𝑅 ∈ dom 𝑆)
3533, 34sseldi 3916 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ (𝑆𝑅) → 𝑅 ∈ (ℤ‘2))
3635pm4.71ri 564 . 2 (𝐴 ∈ (𝑆𝑅) ↔ (𝑅 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ (𝑆𝑅)))
37 3anass 1092 . 2 ((𝑅 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)) ↔ (𝑅 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅))))
3832, 36, 373bitr4i 306 1 (𝐴 ∈ (𝑆𝑅) ↔ (𝑅 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (0...(𝑅 − 1))(𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((♯‘{𝑘 ∈ (1...𝑛) ∣ (⌊‘((𝐴 · (𝑅𝑘)) mod 𝑅)) = 𝑏}) / 𝑛)) ⇝ (1 / 𝑅)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wb 209  wa 399  w3a 1084   = wceq 1538  wcel 2112  wral 3109  {crab 3113   class class class wbr 5033  cmpt 5113  dom cdm 5523  cfv 6328  (class class class)co 7139  cr 10529  0cc0 10530  1c1 10531   · cmul 10535  cmin 10863   / cdiv 11290  cn 11629  2c2 11684  cuz 12235  ...cfz 12889  cfl 13159   mod cmo 13236  cexp 13429  chash 13690  cli 14836
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1911  ax-6 1970  ax-7 2015  ax-8 2114  ax-9 2122  ax-10 2143  ax-11 2159  ax-12 2176  ax-ext 2773  ax-sep 5170  ax-nul 5177  ax-pow 5234  ax-pr 5298  ax-cnex 10586  ax-resscn 10587
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2070  df-mo 2601  df-eu 2632  df-clab 2780  df-cleq 2794  df-clel 2873  df-nfc 2941  df-ral 3114  df-rex 3115  df-rab 3118  df-v 3446  df-sbc 3724  df-dif 3887  df-un 3889  df-in 3891  df-ss 3901  df-nul 4247  df-if 4429  df-sn 4529  df-pr 4531  df-op 4535  df-uni 4804  df-br 5034  df-opab 5096  df-mpt 5114  df-id 5428  df-xp 5529  df-rel 5530  df-cnv 5531  df-co 5532  df-dm 5533  df-rn 5534  df-res 5535  df-ima 5536  df-iota 6287  df-fun 6330  df-fv 6336  df-ov 7142
This theorem is referenced by:  snmlflim  32687
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