Home | Intuitionistic Logic Explorer Theorem List (p. 40 of 106) | < Previous Next > |
Bad symbols? Try the
GIF version. |
||
Mirrors > Metamath Home Page > ILE Home Page > Theorem List Contents > Recent Proofs This page: Page List |
Type | Label | Description |
---|---|---|
Statement | ||
Theorem | repizf 3901* | Axiom of Replacement. Axiom 7' of [Crosilla], p. "Axioms of CZF and IZF" (with unnecessary quantifier removed). In our context this is not an axiom, but a theorem proved from ax-coll 3900. It is identical to zfrep6 3902 except for the choice of a freeness hypothesis rather than a distinct variable constraint between 𝑏 and 𝜑. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Aug-2018.) |
⊢ Ⅎ𝑏𝜑 ⇒ ⊢ (∀𝑥 ∈ 𝑎 ∃!𝑦𝜑 → ∃𝑏∀𝑥 ∈ 𝑎 ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝑏 𝜑) | ||
Theorem | zfrep6 3902* | A version of the Axiom of Replacement. Normally 𝜑 would have free variables 𝑥 and 𝑦. Axiom 6 of [Kunen] p. 12. The Separation Scheme ax-sep 3903 cannot be derived from this version and must be stated as a separate axiom in an axiom system (such as Kunen's) that uses this version. (Contributed by NM, 10-Oct-2003.) |
⊢ (∀𝑥 ∈ 𝑧 ∃!𝑦𝜑 → ∃𝑤∀𝑥 ∈ 𝑧 ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝑤 𝜑) | ||
Axiom | ax-sep 3903* |
The Axiom of Separation of IZF set theory. Axiom 6 of [Crosilla], p.
"Axioms of CZF and IZF" (with unnecessary quantifier removed,
and with a
Ⅎ𝑦𝜑 condition replaced by a distinct
variable constraint between
𝑦 and 𝜑).
The Separation Scheme is a weak form of Frege's Axiom of Comprehension, conditioning it (with 𝑥 ∈ 𝑧) so that it asserts the existence of a collection only if it is smaller than some other collection 𝑧 that already exists. This prevents Russell's paradox ru 2786. In some texts, this scheme is called "Aussonderung" or the Subset Axiom. (Contributed by NM, 11-Sep-2006.) |
⊢ ∃𝑦∀𝑥(𝑥 ∈ 𝑦 ↔ (𝑥 ∈ 𝑧 ∧ 𝜑)) | ||
Theorem | axsep2 3904* | A less restrictive version of the Separation Scheme ax-sep 3903, where variables 𝑥 and 𝑧 can both appear free in the wff 𝜑, which can therefore be thought of as 𝜑(𝑥, 𝑧). This version was derived from the more restrictive ax-sep 3903 with no additional set theory axioms. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2016.) |
⊢ ∃𝑦∀𝑥(𝑥 ∈ 𝑦 ↔ (𝑥 ∈ 𝑧 ∧ 𝜑)) | ||
Theorem | zfauscl 3905* | Separation Scheme (Aussonderung) using a class variable. To derive this from ax-sep 3903, we invoke the Axiom of Extensionality (indirectly via vtocl 2625), which is needed for the justification of class variable notation. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ ∃𝑦∀𝑥(𝑥 ∈ 𝑦 ↔ (𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ 𝜑)) | ||
Theorem | bm1.3ii 3906* | Convert implication to equivalence using the Separation Scheme (Aussonderung) ax-sep 3903. Similar to Theorem 1.3ii of [BellMachover] p. 463. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) |
⊢ ∃𝑥∀𝑦(𝜑 → 𝑦 ∈ 𝑥) ⇒ ⊢ ∃𝑥∀𝑦(𝑦 ∈ 𝑥 ↔ 𝜑) | ||
Theorem | a9evsep 3907* | Derive a weakened version of ax-i9 1439, where 𝑥 and 𝑦 must be distinct, from Separation ax-sep 3903 and Extensionality ax-ext 2038. The theorem ¬ ∀𝑥¬ 𝑥 = 𝑦 also holds (ax9vsep 3908), but in intuitionistic logic ∃𝑥𝑥 = 𝑦 is stronger. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Aug-2018.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.) |
⊢ ∃𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦 | ||
Theorem | ax9vsep 3908* | Derive a weakened version of ax-9 1440, where 𝑥 and 𝑦 must be distinct, from Separation ax-sep 3903 and Extensionality ax-ext 2038. In intuitionistic logic a9evsep 3907 is stronger and also holds. (Contributed by NM, 12-Nov-2013.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.) |
⊢ ¬ ∀𝑥 ¬ 𝑥 = 𝑦 | ||
Theorem | zfnuleu 3909* | Show the uniqueness of the empty set (using the Axiom of Extensionality via bm1.1 2041 to strengthen the hypothesis in the form of axnul 3910). (Contributed by NM, 22-Dec-2007.) |
⊢ ∃𝑥∀𝑦 ¬ 𝑦 ∈ 𝑥 ⇒ ⊢ ∃!𝑥∀𝑦 ¬ 𝑦 ∈ 𝑥 | ||
Theorem | axnul 3910* |
The Null Set Axiom of ZF set theory: there exists a set with no
elements. Axiom of Empty Set of [Enderton] p. 18. In some textbooks,
this is presented as a separate axiom; here we show it can be derived
from Separation ax-sep 3903. This version of the Null Set Axiom tells us
that at least one empty set exists, but does not tell us that it is
unique - we need the Axiom of Extensionality to do that (see
zfnuleu 3909).
This theorem should not be referenced by any proof. Instead, use ax-nul 3911 below so that the uses of the Null Set Axiom can be more easily identified. (Contributed by Jeff Hoffman, 3-Feb-2008.) (Revised by NM, 4-Feb-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) |
⊢ ∃𝑥∀𝑦 ¬ 𝑦 ∈ 𝑥 | ||
Axiom | ax-nul 3911* | The Null Set Axiom of IZF set theory. It was derived as axnul 3910 above and is therefore redundant, but we state it as a separate axiom here so that its uses can be identified more easily. Axiom 4 of [Crosilla] p. "Axioms of CZF and IZF". (Contributed by NM, 7-Aug-2003.) |
⊢ ∃𝑥∀𝑦 ¬ 𝑦 ∈ 𝑥 | ||
Theorem | 0ex 3912 | The Null Set Axiom of ZF set theory: the empty set exists. Corollary 5.16 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 20. For the unabbreviated version, see ax-nul 3911. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 9-Jul-2011.) |
⊢ ∅ ∈ V | ||
Theorem | csbexga 3913 | The existence of proper substitution into a class. (Contributed by NM, 10-Nov-2005.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑥 𝐵 ∈ 𝑊) → ⦋𝐴 / 𝑥⦌𝐵 ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | csbexa 3914 | The existence of proper substitution into a class. (Contributed by NM, 7-Aug-2007.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 29-Jun-2011.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V & ⊢ 𝐵 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ ⦋𝐴 / 𝑥⦌𝐵 ∈ V | ||
Theorem | nalset 3915* | No set contains all sets. Theorem 41 of [Suppes] p. 30. (Contributed by NM, 23-Aug-1993.) |
⊢ ¬ ∃𝑥∀𝑦 𝑦 ∈ 𝑥 | ||
Theorem | vprc 3916 | The universal class is not a member of itself (and thus is not a set). Proposition 5.21 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 21; our proof, however, does not depend on the Axiom of Regularity. (Contributed by NM, 23-Aug-1993.) |
⊢ ¬ V ∈ V | ||
Theorem | nvel 3917 | The universal class doesn't belong to any class. (Contributed by FL, 31-Dec-2006.) |
⊢ ¬ V ∈ 𝐴 | ||
Theorem | vnex 3918 | The universal class does not exist. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jul-2005.) |
⊢ ¬ ∃𝑥 𝑥 = V | ||
Theorem | inex1 3919 | Separation Scheme (Aussonderung) using class notation. Compare Exercise 4 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 22. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝐴 ∩ 𝐵) ∈ V | ||
Theorem | inex2 3920 | Separation Scheme (Aussonderung) using class notation. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝐵 ∩ 𝐴) ∈ V | ||
Theorem | inex1g 3921 | Closed-form, generalized Separation Scheme. (Contributed by NM, 7-Apr-1995.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → (𝐴 ∩ 𝐵) ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | ssex 3922 | The subset of a set is also a set. Exercise 3 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 22. This is one way to express the Axiom of Separation ax-sep 3903 (a.k.a. Subset Axiom). (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐵 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵 → 𝐴 ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | ssexi 3923 | The subset of a set is also a set. (Contributed by NM, 9-Sep-1993.) |
⊢ 𝐵 ∈ V & ⊢ 𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵 ⇒ ⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V | ||
Theorem | ssexg 3924 | The subset of a set is also a set. Exercise 3 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 22 (generalized). (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-1994.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝐶) → 𝐴 ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | ssexd 3925 | A subclass of a set is a set. Deduction form of ssexg 3924. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.) |
⊢ (𝜑 → 𝐵 ∈ 𝐶) & ⊢ (𝜑 → 𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵) ⇒ ⊢ (𝜑 → 𝐴 ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | difexg 3926 | Existence of a difference. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1998.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → (𝐴 ∖ 𝐵) ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | zfausab 3927* | Separation Scheme (Aussonderung) in terms of a class abstraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Jun-1994.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ 𝜑)} ∈ V | ||
Theorem | rabexg 3928* | Separation Scheme in terms of a restricted class abstraction. (Contributed by NM, 23-Oct-1999.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → {𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∣ 𝜑} ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | rabex 3929* | Separation Scheme in terms of a restricted class abstraction. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jul-1996.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ {𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∣ 𝜑} ∈ V | ||
Theorem | elssabg 3930* | Membership in a class abstraction involving a subset. Unlike elabg 2711, 𝐴 does not have to be a set. (Contributed by NM, 29-Aug-2006.) |
⊢ (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑 ↔ 𝜓)) ⇒ ⊢ (𝐵 ∈ 𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥 ⊆ 𝐵 ∧ 𝜑)} ↔ (𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵 ∧ 𝜓))) | ||
Theorem | inteximm 3931* | The intersection of an inhabited class exists. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Aug-2018.) |
⊢ (∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 → ∩ 𝐴 ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | intexr 3932 | If the intersection of a class exists, the class is non-empty. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Aug-2018.) |
⊢ (∩ 𝐴 ∈ V → 𝐴 ≠ ∅) | ||
Theorem | intnexr 3933 | If a class intersection is the universe, it is not a set. In classical logic this would be an equivalence. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Aug-2018.) |
⊢ (∩ 𝐴 = V → ¬ ∩ 𝐴 ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | intexabim 3934 | The intersection of an inhabited class abstraction exists. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Aug-2018.) |
⊢ (∃𝑥𝜑 → ∩ {𝑥 ∣ 𝜑} ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | intexrabim 3935 | The intersection of an inhabited restricted class abstraction exists. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Aug-2018.) |
⊢ (∃𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 𝜑 → ∩ {𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∣ 𝜑} ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | iinexgm 3936* | The existence of an indexed union. 𝑥 is normally a free-variable parameter in 𝐵, which should be read 𝐵(𝑥). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Aug-2018.) |
⊢ ((∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 𝐵 ∈ 𝐶) → ∩ 𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 𝐵 ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | inuni 3937* | The intersection of a union ∪ 𝐴 with a class 𝐵 is equal to the union of the intersections of each element of 𝐴 with 𝐵. (Contributed by FL, 24-Mar-2007.) |
⊢ (∪ 𝐴 ∩ 𝐵) = ∪ {𝑥 ∣ ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐴 𝑥 = (𝑦 ∩ 𝐵)} | ||
Theorem | elpw2g 3938 | Membership in a power class. Theorem 86 of [Suppes] p. 47. (Contributed by NM, 7-Aug-2000.) |
⊢ (𝐵 ∈ 𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵 ↔ 𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵)) | ||
Theorem | elpw2 3939 | Membership in a power class. Theorem 86 of [Suppes] p. 47. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-2007.) |
⊢ 𝐵 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵 ↔ 𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵) | ||
Theorem | pwnss 3940 | The power set of a set is never a subset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 22-Feb-2015.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → ¬ 𝒫 𝐴 ⊆ 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | pwne 3941 | No set equals its power set. The sethood antecedent is necessary; compare pwv 3607. (Contributed by NM, 17-Nov-2008.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 23-Dec-2016.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → 𝒫 𝐴 ≠ 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | repizf2lem 3942 | Lemma for repizf2 3943. If we have a function-like proposition which provides at most one value of 𝑦 for each 𝑥 in a set 𝑤, we can change "at most one" to "exactly one" by restricting the values of 𝑥 to those values for which the proposition provides a value of 𝑦. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Sep-2018.) |
⊢ (∀𝑥 ∈ 𝑤 ∃*𝑦𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ 𝑤 ∣ ∃𝑦𝜑}∃!𝑦𝜑) | ||
Theorem | repizf2 3943* | Replacement. This version of replacement is stronger than repizf 3901 in the sense that 𝜑 does not need to map all values of 𝑥 in 𝑤 to a value of 𝑦. The resulting set contains those elements for which there is a value of 𝑦 and in that sense, this theorem combines repizf 3901 with ax-sep 3903. Another variation would be ∀𝑥 ∈ 𝑤∃*𝑦𝜑 → {𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑥(𝑥 ∈ 𝑤 ∧ 𝜑)} ∈ V but we don't have a proof of that yet. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Sep-2018.) |
⊢ Ⅎ𝑧𝜑 ⇒ ⊢ (∀𝑥 ∈ 𝑤 ∃*𝑦𝜑 → ∃𝑧∀𝑥 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ 𝑤 ∣ ∃𝑦𝜑}∃𝑦 ∈ 𝑧 𝜑) | ||
Theorem | class2seteq 3944* | Equality theorem for classes and sets . (Contributed by NM, 13-Dec-2005.) (Proof shortened by Raph Levien, 30-Jun-2006.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → {𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∣ 𝐴 ∈ V} = 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | 0elpw 3945 | Every power class contains the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 25-Oct-2007.) |
⊢ ∅ ∈ 𝒫 𝐴 | ||
Theorem | 0nep0 3946 | The empty set and its power set are not equal. (Contributed by NM, 23-Dec-1993.) |
⊢ ∅ ≠ {∅} | ||
Theorem | 0inp0 3947 | Something cannot be equal to both the null set and the power set of the null set. (Contributed by NM, 30-Sep-2003.) |
⊢ (𝐴 = ∅ → ¬ 𝐴 = {∅}) | ||
Theorem | unidif0 3948 | The removal of the empty set from a class does not affect its union. (Contributed by NM, 22-Mar-2004.) |
⊢ ∪ (𝐴 ∖ {∅}) = ∪ 𝐴 | ||
Theorem | iin0imm 3949* | An indexed intersection of the empty set, with an inhabited index set, is empty. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Aug-2018.) |
⊢ (∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ 𝐴 → ∩ 𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∅ = ∅) | ||
Theorem | iin0r 3950* | If an indexed intersection of the empty set is empty, the index set is non-empty. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Aug-2018.) |
⊢ (∩ 𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∅ = ∅ → 𝐴 ≠ ∅) | ||
Theorem | intv 3951 | The intersection of the universal class is empty. (Contributed by NM, 11-Sep-2008.) |
⊢ ∩ V = ∅ | ||
Theorem | axpweq 3952* | Two equivalent ways to express the Power Set Axiom. Note that ax-pow 3955 is not used by the proof. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-2009.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝒫 𝐴 ∈ V ↔ ∃𝑥∀𝑦(∀𝑧(𝑧 ∈ 𝑦 → 𝑧 ∈ 𝐴) → 𝑦 ∈ 𝑥)) | ||
Theorem | bnd 3953* | A very strong generalization of the Axiom of Replacement (compare zfrep6 3902). Its strength lies in the rather profound fact that 𝜑(𝑥, 𝑦) does not have to be a "function-like" wff, as it does in the standard Axiom of Replacement. This theorem is sometimes called the Boundedness Axiom. In the context of IZF, it is just a slight variation of ax-coll 3900. (Contributed by NM, 17-Oct-2004.) |
⊢ (∀𝑥 ∈ 𝑧 ∃𝑦𝜑 → ∃𝑤∀𝑥 ∈ 𝑧 ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝑤 𝜑) | ||
Theorem | bnd2 3954* | A variant of the Boundedness Axiom bnd 3953 that picks a subset 𝑧 out of a possibly proper class 𝐵 in which a property is true. (Contributed by NM, 4-Feb-2004.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (∀𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝐵 𝜑 → ∃𝑧(𝑧 ⊆ 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 ∃𝑦 ∈ 𝑧 𝜑)) | ||
Axiom | ax-pow 3955* |
Axiom of Power Sets. An axiom of Intuitionistic Zermelo-Fraenkel set
theory. It states that a set 𝑦 exists that includes the power set
of a given set 𝑥 i.e. contains every subset of 𝑥. This
is
Axiom 8 of [Crosilla] p. "Axioms
of CZF and IZF" except (a) unnecessary
quantifiers are removed, and (b) Crosilla has a biconditional rather
than an implication (but the two are equivalent by bm1.3ii 3906).
The variant axpow2 3957 uses explicit subset notation. A version using class notation is pwex 3960. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) |
⊢ ∃𝑦∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤 ∈ 𝑧 → 𝑤 ∈ 𝑥) → 𝑧 ∈ 𝑦) | ||
Theorem | zfpow 3956* | Axiom of Power Sets expressed with the fewest number of different variables. (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-2003.) |
⊢ ∃𝑥∀𝑦(∀𝑥(𝑥 ∈ 𝑦 → 𝑥 ∈ 𝑧) → 𝑦 ∈ 𝑥) | ||
Theorem | axpow2 3957* | A variant of the Axiom of Power Sets ax-pow 3955 using subset notation. Problem in {BellMachover] p. 466. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jun-2006.) |
⊢ ∃𝑦∀𝑧(𝑧 ⊆ 𝑥 → 𝑧 ∈ 𝑦) | ||
Theorem | axpow3 3958* | A variant of the Axiom of Power Sets ax-pow 3955. For any set 𝑥, there exists a set 𝑦 whose members are exactly the subsets of 𝑥 i.e. the power set of 𝑥. Axiom Pow of [BellMachover] p. 466. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jun-2006.) |
⊢ ∃𝑦∀𝑧(𝑧 ⊆ 𝑥 ↔ 𝑧 ∈ 𝑦) | ||
Theorem | el 3959* | Every set is an element of some other set. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jan-2002.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.) |
⊢ ∃𝑦 𝑥 ∈ 𝑦 | ||
Theorem | pwex 3960 | Power set axiom expressed in class notation. Axiom 4 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 17. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ 𝒫 𝐴 ∈ V | ||
Theorem | pwexg 3961 | Power set axiom expressed in class notation, with the sethood requirement as an antecedent. Axiom 4 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 17. (Contributed by NM, 30-Oct-2003.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → 𝒫 𝐴 ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | abssexg 3962* | Existence of a class of subsets. (Contributed by NM, 15-Jul-2006.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥 ⊆ 𝐴 ∧ 𝜑)} ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | snexgOLD 3963 | A singleton whose element exists is a set. The 𝐴 ∈ V case of Theorem 7.12 of [Quine] p. 51, proved using only Extensionality, Power Set, and Separation. Replacement is not needed. This is a special case of snexg 3964 and new proofs should use snexg 3964 instead. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Jan-2019.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) TODO: replace its uses by uses of snexg 3964 and then remove it. |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ V → {𝐴} ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | snexg 3964 | A singleton whose element exists is a set. The 𝐴 ∈ V case of Theorem 7.12 of [Quine] p. 51, proved using only Extensionality, Power Set, and Separation. Replacement is not needed. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 1-Sep-2018.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 → {𝐴} ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | snex 3965 | A singleton whose element exists is a set. (Contributed by NM, 7-Aug-1994.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-May-2019.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ {𝐴} ∈ V | ||
Theorem | snexprc 3966 | A singleton whose element is a proper class is a set. The ¬ 𝐴 ∈ V case of Theorem 7.12 of [Quine] p. 51, proved using only Extensionality, Power Set, and Separation. Replacement is not needed. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 1-Sep-2018.) |
⊢ (¬ 𝐴 ∈ V → {𝐴} ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | p0ex 3967 | The power set of the empty set (the ordinal 1) is a set. (Contributed by NM, 23-Dec-1993.) |
⊢ {∅} ∈ V | ||
Theorem | pp0ex 3968 | {∅, {∅}} (the ordinal 2) is a set. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) |
⊢ {∅, {∅}} ∈ V | ||
Theorem | ord3ex 3969 | The ordinal number 3 is a set, proved without the Axiom of Union. (Contributed by NM, 2-May-2009.) |
⊢ {∅, {∅}, {∅, {∅}}} ∈ V | ||
Theorem | dtruarb 3970* | At least two sets exist (or in terms of first-order logic, the universe of discourse has two or more objects). This theorem asserts the existence of two sets which do not equal each other; compare with dtruex 4311 in which we are given a set 𝑦 and go from there to a set 𝑥 which is not equal to it. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Sep-2018.) |
⊢ ∃𝑥∃𝑦 ¬ 𝑥 = 𝑦 | ||
Theorem | pwuni 3971 | A class is a subclass of the power class of its union. Exercise 6(b) of [Enderton] p. 38. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-1996.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ⊆ 𝒫 ∪ 𝐴 | ||
Axiom | ax-pr 3972* | The Axiom of Pairing of IZF set theory. Axiom 2 of [Crosilla] p. "Axioms of CZF and IZF", except (a) unnecessary quantifiers are removed, and (b) Crosilla has a biconditional rather than an implication (but the two are equivalent by bm1.3ii 3906). (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-2006.) |
⊢ ∃𝑧∀𝑤((𝑤 = 𝑥 ∨ 𝑤 = 𝑦) → 𝑤 ∈ 𝑧) | ||
Theorem | zfpair2 3973 | Derive the abbreviated version of the Axiom of Pairing from ax-pr 3972. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-2006.) |
⊢ {𝑥, 𝑦} ∈ V | ||
Theorem | prexgOLD 3974 | The Axiom of Pairing using class variables. Theorem 7.13 of [Quine] p. 51, but restricted to classes which exist. For proper classes, see prprc 3508, prprc1 3506, and prprc2 3507. This is a special case of prexg 3975 and new proofs should use prexg 3975 instead. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Jul-2019.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) TODO: replace its uses by uses of prexg 3975 and then remove it. |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ 𝐵 ∈ V) → {𝐴, 𝐵} ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | prexg 3975 | The Axiom of Pairing using class variables. Theorem 7.13 of [Quine] p. 51, but restricted to classes which exist. For proper classes, see prprc 3508, prprc1 3506, and prprc2 3507. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Sep-2018.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝑊) → {𝐴, 𝐵} ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | snelpwi 3976 | A singleton of a set belongs to the power class of a class containing the set. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 25-Aug-2011.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 → {𝐴} ∈ 𝒫 𝐵) | ||
Theorem | snelpw 3977 | A singleton of a set belongs to the power class of a class containing the set. (Contributed by NM, 1-Apr-1998.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 ↔ {𝐴} ∈ 𝒫 𝐵) | ||
Theorem | prelpwi 3978 | A pair of two sets belongs to the power class of a class containing those two sets. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 10-Mar-2017.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ 𝐶 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝐶) → {𝐴, 𝐵} ∈ 𝒫 𝐶) | ||
Theorem | rext 3979* | A theorem similar to extensionality, requiring the existence of a singleton. Exercise 8 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 16. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-1993.) |
⊢ (∀𝑧(𝑥 ∈ 𝑧 → 𝑦 ∈ 𝑧) → 𝑥 = 𝑦) | ||
Theorem | sspwb 3980 | Classes are subclasses if and only if their power classes are subclasses. Exercise 18 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-1996.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵 ↔ 𝒫 𝐴 ⊆ 𝒫 𝐵) | ||
Theorem | unipw 3981 | A class equals the union of its power class. Exercise 6(a) of [Enderton] p. 38. (Contributed by NM, 14-Oct-1996.) (Proof shortened by Alan Sare, 28-Dec-2008.) |
⊢ ∪ 𝒫 𝐴 = 𝐴 | ||
Theorem | pwel 3982 | Membership of a power class. Exercise 10 of [Enderton] p. 26. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-2007.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ∈ 𝐵 → 𝒫 𝐴 ∈ 𝒫 𝒫 ∪ 𝐵) | ||
Theorem | pwtr 3983 | A class is transitive iff its power class is transitive. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 25-Aug-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Jun-2014.) |
⊢ (Tr 𝐴 ↔ Tr 𝒫 𝐴) | ||
Theorem | ssextss 3984* | An extensionality-like principle defining subclass in terms of subsets. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-2004.) |
⊢ (𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥 ⊆ 𝐴 → 𝑥 ⊆ 𝐵)) | ||
Theorem | ssext 3985* | An extensionality-like principle that uses the subset instead of the membership relation: two classes are equal iff they have the same subsets. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-2004.) |
⊢ (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥 ⊆ 𝐴 ↔ 𝑥 ⊆ 𝐵)) | ||
Theorem | nssssr 3986* | Negation of subclass relationship. Compare nssr 3031. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Sep-2018.) |
⊢ (∃𝑥(𝑥 ⊆ 𝐴 ∧ ¬ 𝑥 ⊆ 𝐵) → ¬ 𝐴 ⊆ 𝐵) | ||
Theorem | pweqb 3987 | Classes are equal if and only if their power classes are equal. Exercise 19 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-1996.) |
⊢ (𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ 𝒫 𝐴 = 𝒫 𝐵) | ||
Theorem | intid 3988* | The intersection of all sets to which a set belongs is the singleton of that set. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-2009.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ ∩ {𝑥 ∣ 𝐴 ∈ 𝑥} = {𝐴} | ||
Theorem | euabex 3989 | The abstraction of a wff with existential uniqueness exists. (Contributed by NM, 25-Nov-1994.) |
⊢ (∃!𝑥𝜑 → {𝑥 ∣ 𝜑} ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | mss 3990* | An inhabited class (even if proper) has an inhabited subset. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Sep-2018.) |
⊢ (∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ 𝐴 → ∃𝑥(𝑥 ⊆ 𝐴 ∧ ∃𝑧 𝑧 ∈ 𝑥)) | ||
Theorem | exss 3991* | Restricted existence in a class (even if proper) implies restricted existence in a subset. (Contributed by NM, 23-Aug-2003.) |
⊢ (∃𝑥 ∈ 𝐴 𝜑 → ∃𝑦(𝑦 ⊆ 𝐴 ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ 𝑦 𝜑)) | ||
Theorem | opexg 3992 | An ordered pair of sets is a set. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Jan-2019.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ 𝑉 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝑊) → ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | opexgOLD 3993 | An ordered pair of sets is a set. This is a special case of opexg 3992 and new proofs should use opexg 3992 instead. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Sep-2018.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) TODO: replace its uses by uses of opexg 3992 and then remove it. |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ 𝐵 ∈ V) → ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | opex 3994 | An ordered pair of sets is a set. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Sep-2018.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-May-2019.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V & ⊢ 𝐵 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∈ V | ||
Theorem | otexg 3995 | An ordered triple of sets is a set. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Sep-2018.) |
⊢ ((𝐴 ∈ 𝑈 ∧ 𝐵 ∈ 𝑉 ∧ 𝐶 ∈ 𝑊) → ⟨𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ∈ V) | ||
Theorem | elop 3996 | An ordered pair has two elements. Exercise 3 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 15. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V & ⊢ 𝐵 ∈ V & ⊢ 𝐶 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ (𝐴 ∈ ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩ ↔ (𝐴 = {𝐵} ∨ 𝐴 = {𝐵, 𝐶})) | ||
Theorem | opi1 3997 | One of the two elements in an ordered pair. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V & ⊢ 𝐵 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ {𝐴} ∈ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ | ||
Theorem | opi2 3998 | One of the two elements of an ordered pair. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V & ⊢ 𝐵 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ {𝐴, 𝐵} ∈ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ | ||
Theorem | opm 3999* | An ordered pair is inhabited iff the arguments are sets. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Sep-2018.) |
⊢ (∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ↔ (𝐴 ∈ V ∧ 𝐵 ∈ V)) | ||
Theorem | opnzi 4000 | An ordered pair is nonempty if the arguments are sets (it is also inhabited; see opm 3999). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.) |
⊢ 𝐴 ∈ V & ⊢ 𝐵 ∈ V ⇒ ⊢ ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ≠ ∅ |
< Previous Next > |
Copyright terms: Public domain | < Previous Next > |