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Theorem negeu 7652
Description: Existential uniqueness of negatives. Theorem I.2 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
negeu ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵)
Distinct variable groups:   𝑥,𝐴   𝑥,𝐵

Proof of Theorem negeu
Dummy variable 𝑦 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 cnegex 7639 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)
21adantr 270 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)
3 simpl 107 . . . 4 ((𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
4 simpr 108 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → 𝐵 ∈ ℂ)
5 addcl 7446 . . . 4 ((𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝑦 + 𝐵) ∈ ℂ)
63, 4, 5syl2anr 284 . . 3 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) → (𝑦 + 𝐵) ∈ ℂ)
7 simplrr 503 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)
87oveq1d 5649 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝑦) + 𝐵) = (0 + 𝐵))
9 simplll 500 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → 𝐴 ∈ ℂ)
10 simplrl 502 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
11 simpllr 501 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → 𝐵 ∈ ℂ)
129, 10, 11addassd 7489 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝑦) + 𝐵) = (𝐴 + (𝑦 + 𝐵)))
1311addid2d 7611 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → (0 + 𝐵) = 𝐵)
148, 12, 133eqtr3rd 2129 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → 𝐵 = (𝐴 + (𝑦 + 𝐵)))
1514eqeq2d 2099 . . . . 5 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = (𝐴 + (𝑦 + 𝐵))))
16 simpr 108 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → 𝑥 ∈ ℂ)
1710, 11addcld 7486 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → (𝑦 + 𝐵) ∈ ℂ)
189, 16, 17addcand 7645 . . . . 5 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝑥) = (𝐴 + (𝑦 + 𝐵)) ↔ 𝑥 = (𝑦 + 𝐵)))
1915, 18bitrd 186 . . . 4 ((((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵𝑥 = (𝑦 + 𝐵)))
2019ralrimiva 2446 . . 3 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) → ∀𝑥 ∈ ℂ ((𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵𝑥 = (𝑦 + 𝐵)))
21 reu6i 2804 . . 3 (((𝑦 + 𝐵) ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℂ ((𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵𝑥 = (𝑦 + 𝐵))) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵)
226, 20, 21syl2anc 403 . 2 (((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝑦) = 0)) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵)
232, 22rexlimddv 2493 1 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵)
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 102  wb 103   = wceq 1289  wcel 1438  wral 2359  wrex 2360  ∃!wreu 2361  (class class class)co 5634  cc 7327  0cc0 7329   + caddc 7332
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-io 665  ax-5 1381  ax-7 1382  ax-gen 1383  ax-ie1 1427  ax-ie2 1428  ax-8 1440  ax-10 1441  ax-11 1442  ax-i12 1443  ax-bndl 1444  ax-4 1445  ax-17 1464  ax-i9 1468  ax-ial 1472  ax-i5r 1473  ax-ext 2070  ax-resscn 7416  ax-1cn 7417  ax-icn 7419  ax-addcl 7420  ax-addrcl 7421  ax-mulcl 7422  ax-addcom 7424  ax-addass 7426  ax-distr 7428  ax-i2m1 7429  ax-0id 7432  ax-rnegex 7433  ax-cnre 7435
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-3an 926  df-tru 1292  df-nf 1395  df-sb 1693  df-eu 1951  df-clab 2075  df-cleq 2081  df-clel 2084  df-nfc 2217  df-ral 2364  df-rex 2365  df-reu 2366  df-v 2621  df-un 3001  df-in 3003  df-ss 3010  df-sn 3447  df-pr 3448  df-op 3450  df-uni 3649  df-br 3838  df-iota 4967  df-fv 5010  df-ov 5637
This theorem is referenced by:  subval  7653  subcl  7660  subadd  7664
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