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Theorem divides 11391
Description: Define the divides relation. 𝑀𝑁 means 𝑀 divides into 𝑁 with no remainder. For example, 3 ∥ 6 (ex-dvds 12753). As proven in dvdsval3 11393, 𝑀𝑁 ↔ (𝑁 mod 𝑀) = 0. See divides 11391 and dvdsval2 11392 for other equivalent expressions. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 21-Mar-2011.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
divides ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀𝑁 ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑁))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑛,𝑀   𝑛,𝑁

Proof of Theorem divides
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 df-br 3898 . . 3 (𝑀𝑁 ↔ ⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩ ∈ ∥ )
2 df-dvds 11390 . . . 4 ∥ = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦)}
32eleq2i 2182 . . 3 (⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩ ∈ ∥ ↔ ⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩ ∈ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦)})
41, 3bitri 183 . 2 (𝑀𝑁 ↔ ⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩ ∈ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦)})
5 oveq2 5748 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝑀 → (𝑛 · 𝑥) = (𝑛 · 𝑀))
65eqeq1d 2124 . . . 4 (𝑥 = 𝑀 → ((𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦 ↔ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑦))
76rexbidv 2413 . . 3 (𝑥 = 𝑀 → (∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑦))
8 eqeq2 2125 . . . 4 (𝑦 = 𝑁 → ((𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑦 ↔ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑁))
98rexbidv 2413 . . 3 (𝑦 = 𝑁 → (∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑁))
107, 9opelopab2 4160 . 2 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩ ∈ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑥) = 𝑦)} ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑁))
114, 10syl5bb 191 1 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀𝑁 ↔ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑛 · 𝑀) = 𝑁))
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 103  wb 104   = wceq 1314  wcel 1463  wrex 2392  cop 3498   class class class wbr 3897  {copab 3956  (class class class)co 5740   · cmul 7589  cz 9005  cdvds 11389
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-ia1 105  ax-ia2 106  ax-ia3 107  ax-io 681  ax-5 1406  ax-7 1407  ax-gen 1408  ax-ie1 1452  ax-ie2 1453  ax-8 1465  ax-10 1466  ax-11 1467  ax-i12 1468  ax-bndl 1469  ax-4 1470  ax-14 1475  ax-17 1489  ax-i9 1493  ax-ial 1497  ax-i5r 1498  ax-ext 2097  ax-sep 4014  ax-pow 4066  ax-pr 4099
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 116  df-3an 947  df-tru 1317  df-nf 1420  df-sb 1719  df-eu 1978  df-mo 1979  df-clab 2102  df-cleq 2108  df-clel 2111  df-nfc 2245  df-rex 2397  df-v 2660  df-un 3043  df-in 3045  df-ss 3052  df-pw 3480  df-sn 3501  df-pr 3502  df-op 3504  df-uni 3705  df-br 3898  df-opab 3958  df-iota 5056  df-fv 5099  df-ov 5743  df-dvds 11390
This theorem is referenced by:  dvdsval2  11392  dvds0lem  11399  dvds1lem  11400  dvds2lem  11401  0dvds  11409  dvdsle  11438  divconjdvds  11443  odd2np1  11466  even2n  11467  oddm1even  11468  opeo  11490  omeo  11491  m1exp1  11494  divalgb  11518  modremain  11522  zeqzmulgcd  11555  gcddiv  11603  dvdssqim  11608  coprmdvds2  11670  congr  11677  divgcdcoprm0  11678  cncongr2  11681  dvdsnprmd  11702
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