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Theorem canth 7088
 Description: No set 𝐴 is equinumerous to its power set (Cantor's theorem), i.e. no function can map 𝐴 it onto its power set. Compare Theorem 6B(b) of [Enderton] p. 132. For the equinumerosity version, see canth2 8648. Note that 𝐴 must be a set: this theorem does not hold when 𝐴 is too large to be a set; see ncanth 7089 for a counterexample. (Use nex 1801 if you want the form ¬ ∃𝑓𝑓:𝐴–onto→𝒫 𝐴.) (Contributed by NM, 7-Aug-1994.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 7-Jun-2016.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
canth.1 𝐴 ∈ V
Assertion
Ref Expression
canth ¬ 𝐹:𝐴onto→𝒫 𝐴

Proof of Theorem canth
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 canth.1 . . . 4 𝐴 ∈ V
2 ssrab2 4035 . . . 4 {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)} ⊆ 𝐴
31, 2elpwi2 5225 . . 3 {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)} ∈ 𝒫 𝐴
4 forn 6569 . . 3 (𝐹:𝐴onto→𝒫 𝐴 → ran 𝐹 = 𝒫 𝐴)
53, 4eleqtrrid 2918 . 2 (𝐹:𝐴onto→𝒫 𝐴 → {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)} ∈ ran 𝐹)
6 id 22 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = 𝑦𝑥 = 𝑦)
7 fveq2 6646 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝐹𝑥) = (𝐹𝑦))
86, 7eleq12d 2905 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥) ↔ 𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑦)))
98notbid 320 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥) ↔ ¬ 𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑦)))
109elrab 3660 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)} ↔ (𝑦𝐴 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑦)))
1110baibr 539 . . . . . 6 (𝑦𝐴 → (¬ 𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑦) ↔ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)}))
12 nbbn 387 . . . . . 6 ((¬ 𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑦) ↔ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)}) ↔ ¬ (𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑦) ↔ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)}))
1311, 12sylib 220 . . . . 5 (𝑦𝐴 → ¬ (𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑦) ↔ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)}))
14 eleq2 2899 . . . . 5 ((𝐹𝑦) = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)} → (𝑦 ∈ (𝐹𝑦) ↔ 𝑦 ∈ {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)}))
1513, 14nsyl 142 . . . 4 (𝑦𝐴 → ¬ (𝐹𝑦) = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)})
1615nrex 3256 . . 3 ¬ ∃𝑦𝐴 (𝐹𝑦) = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)}
17 fofn 6568 . . . 4 (𝐹:𝐴onto→𝒫 𝐴𝐹 Fn 𝐴)
18 fvelrnb 6702 . . . 4 (𝐹 Fn 𝐴 → ({𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)} ∈ ran 𝐹 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐴 (𝐹𝑦) = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)}))
1917, 18syl 17 . . 3 (𝐹:𝐴onto→𝒫 𝐴 → ({𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)} ∈ ran 𝐹 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐴 (𝐹𝑦) = {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)}))
2016, 19mtbiri 329 . 2 (𝐹:𝐴onto→𝒫 𝐴 → ¬ {𝑥𝐴 ∣ ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝐹𝑥)} ∈ ran 𝐹)
215, 20pm2.65i 196 1 ¬ 𝐹:𝐴onto→𝒫 𝐴
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3   ↔ wb 208   = wceq 1537   ∈ wcel 2114  ∃wrex 3126  {crab 3129  Vcvv 3473  𝒫 cpw 4515  ran crn 5532   Fn wfn 6326  –onto→wfo 6329  ‘cfv 6331 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1796  ax-4 1810  ax-5 1911  ax-6 1970  ax-7 2015  ax-8 2116  ax-9 2124  ax-10 2145  ax-11 2161  ax-12 2177  ax-ext 2792  ax-sep 5179  ax-nul 5186  ax-pr 5306 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 209  df-an 399  df-or 844  df-3an 1085  df-tru 1540  df-ex 1781  df-nf 1785  df-sb 2070  df-mo 2622  df-eu 2653  df-clab 2799  df-cleq 2813  df-clel 2891  df-nfc 2959  df-ral 3130  df-rex 3131  df-rab 3134  df-v 3475  df-sbc 3753  df-dif 3916  df-un 3918  df-in 3920  df-ss 3930  df-nul 4270  df-if 4444  df-pw 4517  df-sn 4544  df-pr 4546  df-op 4550  df-uni 4815  df-br 5043  df-opab 5105  df-mpt 5123  df-id 5436  df-xp 5537  df-rel 5538  df-cnv 5539  df-co 5540  df-dm 5541  df-rn 5542  df-iota 6290  df-fun 6333  df-fn 6334  df-f 6335  df-fo 6337  df-fv 6339 This theorem is referenced by:  canth2  8648  canthwdom  9021
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