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Theorem dfackm 9276
Description: Equivalence of the Axiom of Choice and Maes' AC ackm 9575. The proof consists of lemmas kmlem1 9260 through kmlem16 9275 and this final theorem. AC is not used for the proof. Note: bypassing the first step (i.e. replacing dfac5 9237 with biid 253) establishes the AC equivalence shown by Maes' writeup. The left-hand-side AC shown here was chosen because it is shorter to display. (Contributed by NM, 13-Apr-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 17-May-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
dfackm (CHOICE ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑣𝑢((𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))) ∨ (¬ 𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑣,𝑢

Proof of Theorem dfackm
Dummy variables 𝑤 𝑡 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 dfac5 9237 . 2 (CHOICE ↔ ∀𝑥((∀𝑧𝑥 𝑧 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤 → (𝑧𝑤) = ∅)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦)))
2 eqid 2799 . . . . 5 {𝑡 ∣ ∃𝑥 𝑡 = ( (𝑥 ∖ {}))} = {𝑡 ∣ ∃𝑥 𝑡 = ( (𝑥 ∖ {}))}
32kmlem13 9272 . . . 4 (∀𝑥((∀𝑧𝑥 𝑧 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤 → (𝑧𝑤) = ∅)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦)) ↔ ∀𝑥(¬ ∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))))
4 kmlem8 9267 . . . . 5 ((¬ ∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))) ↔ (∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) ∨ ∃𝑦𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))))
54albii 1915 . . . 4 (∀𝑥(¬ ∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))) ↔ ∀𝑥(∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) ∨ ∃𝑦𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))))
63, 5bitri 267 . . 3 (∀𝑥((∀𝑧𝑥 𝑧 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤 → (𝑧𝑤) = ∅)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦)) ↔ ∀𝑥(∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) ∨ ∃𝑦𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))))
7 df-ne 2972 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦𝑣 ↔ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣)
87bicomi 216 . . . . . . . 8 𝑦 = 𝑣𝑦𝑣)
98anbi2i 617 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ↔ (𝑣𝑥𝑦𝑣))
109anbi1i 618 . . . . . 6 (((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣) ↔ ((𝑣𝑥𝑦𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))
1110imbi2i 328 . . . . 5 ((𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣)) ↔ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥𝑦𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣)))
12 biid 253 . . . . 5 ((𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))) ↔ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))
13 biid 253 . . . . 5 (∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))
1411, 12, 13kmlem16 9275 . . . 4 ((∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) ∨ ∃𝑦𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))) ↔ ∃𝑦𝑧𝑣𝑢((𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))) ∨ (¬ 𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))))
1514albii 1915 . . 3 (∀𝑥(∃𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑤)) ∨ ∃𝑦𝑦𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦))) ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑣𝑢((𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))) ∨ (¬ 𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))))
166, 15bitri 267 . 2 (∀𝑥((∀𝑧𝑥 𝑧 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑧𝑥𝑤𝑥 (𝑧𝑤 → (𝑧𝑤) = ∅)) → ∃𝑦𝑧𝑥 ∃!𝑣 𝑣 ∈ (𝑧𝑦)) ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑣𝑢((𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))) ∨ (¬ 𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))))
171, 16bitri 267 1 (CHOICE ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑣𝑢((𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑦 → ((𝑣𝑥 ∧ ¬ 𝑦 = 𝑣) ∧ 𝑧𝑣))) ∨ (¬ 𝑦𝑥 ∧ (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑣𝑧𝑣𝑦) ∧ ((𝑢𝑧𝑢𝑦) → 𝑢 = 𝑣))))))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wb 198  wa 385  wo 874  wal 1651   = wceq 1653  wex 1875  wcel 2157  ∃!weu 2608  {cab 2785  wne 2971  wral 3089  wrex 3090  cdif 3766  cin 3768  c0 4115  {csn 4368   cuni 4628  CHOICEwac 9224
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1891  ax-4 1905  ax-5 2006  ax-6 2072  ax-7 2107  ax-8 2159  ax-9 2166  ax-10 2185  ax-11 2200  ax-12 2213  ax-13 2377  ax-ext 2777  ax-rep 4964  ax-sep 4975  ax-nul 4983  ax-pow 5035  ax-pr 5097  ax-un 7183
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 199  df-an 386  df-or 875  df-3an 1110  df-tru 1657  df-ex 1876  df-nf 1880  df-sb 2065  df-mo 2591  df-eu 2609  df-clab 2786  df-cleq 2792  df-clel 2795  df-nfc 2930  df-ne 2972  df-ral 3094  df-rex 3095  df-reu 3096  df-rab 3098  df-v 3387  df-sbc 3634  df-csb 3729  df-dif 3772  df-un 3774  df-in 3776  df-ss 3783  df-nul 4116  df-if 4278  df-pw 4351  df-sn 4369  df-pr 4371  df-op 4375  df-uni 4629  df-iun 4712  df-br 4844  df-opab 4906  df-mpt 4923  df-id 5220  df-xp 5318  df-rel 5319  df-cnv 5320  df-co 5321  df-dm 5322  df-rn 5323  df-res 5324  df-ima 5325  df-iota 6064  df-fun 6103  df-fn 6104  df-f 6105  df-f1 6106  df-fo 6107  df-f1o 6108  df-fv 6109  df-ac 9225
This theorem is referenced by:  axac3  9574  ackm  9575  axac2  9576
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