MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  grpinveu Structured version   Visualization version   GIF version

Theorem grpinveu 17724
Description: The left inverse element of a group is unique. Lemma 2.2.1(b) of [Herstein] p. 55. (Contributed by NM, 24-Aug-2011.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
grpinveu.b 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
grpinveu.p + = (+g𝐺)
grpinveu.o 0 = (0g𝐺)
Assertion
Ref Expression
grpinveu ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃!𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 )
Distinct variable groups:   𝑦,𝐵   𝑦,𝐺   𝑦, +   𝑦, 0   𝑦,𝑋

Proof of Theorem grpinveu
Dummy variable 𝑧 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 grpinveu.b . . . 4 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
2 grpinveu.p . . . 4 + = (+g𝐺)
3 grpinveu.o . . . 4 0 = (0g𝐺)
41, 2, 3grpinvex 17700 . . 3 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 )
5 eqtr3 2785 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → (𝑦 + 𝑋) = (𝑧 + 𝑋))
61, 2grprcan 17723 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑦𝐵𝑧𝐵𝑋𝐵)) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = (𝑧 + 𝑋) ↔ 𝑦 = 𝑧))
75, 6syl5ib 235 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑦𝐵𝑧𝐵𝑋𝐵)) → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))
873exp2 1463 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → (𝑦𝐵 → (𝑧𝐵 → (𝑋𝐵 → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧)))))
98com24 95 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → (𝑋𝐵 → (𝑧𝐵 → (𝑦𝐵 → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧)))))
109imp41 416 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑧𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))
1110an32s 642 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) ∧ 𝑧𝐵) → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))
1211expd 404 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) ∧ 𝑧𝐵) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
1312ralrimdva 3115 . . . . 5 (((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
1413ancld 546 . . . 4 (((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧))))
1514reximdva 3162 . . 3 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → (∃𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ∃𝑦𝐵 ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧))))
164, 15mpd 15 . 2 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃𝑦𝐵 ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
17 oveq1 6848 . . . 4 (𝑦 = 𝑧 → (𝑦 + 𝑋) = (𝑧 + 𝑋))
1817eqeq1d 2766 . . 3 (𝑦 = 𝑧 → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ↔ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ))
1918reu8 3560 . 2 (∃!𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐵 ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
2016, 19sylibr 225 1 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃!𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 )
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 384  w3a 1107   = wceq 1652  wcel 2155  wral 3054  wrex 3055  ∃!wreu 3056  cfv 6067  (class class class)co 6841  Basecbs 16131  +gcplusg 16215  0gc0g 16367  Grpcgrp 17690
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1890  ax-4 1904  ax-5 2005  ax-6 2069  ax-7 2105  ax-8 2157  ax-9 2164  ax-10 2183  ax-11 2198  ax-12 2211  ax-13 2349  ax-ext 2742  ax-sep 4940  ax-nul 4948  ax-pow 5000  ax-pr 5061
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 198  df-an 385  df-or 874  df-3an 1109  df-tru 1656  df-ex 1875  df-nf 1879  df-sb 2062  df-mo 2564  df-eu 2581  df-clab 2751  df-cleq 2757  df-clel 2760  df-nfc 2895  df-ne 2937  df-ral 3059  df-rex 3060  df-reu 3061  df-rmo 3062  df-rab 3063  df-v 3351  df-sbc 3596  df-dif 3734  df-un 3736  df-in 3738  df-ss 3745  df-nul 4079  df-if 4243  df-sn 4334  df-pr 4336  df-op 4340  df-uni 4594  df-br 4809  df-opab 4871  df-mpt 4888  df-id 5184  df-xp 5282  df-rel 5283  df-cnv 5284  df-co 5285  df-dm 5286  df-iota 6030  df-fun 6069  df-fv 6075  df-riota 6802  df-ov 6844  df-0g 16369  df-mgm 17509  df-sgrp 17551  df-mnd 17562  df-grp 17693
This theorem is referenced by:  grpinvf  17734  grplinv  17736  isgrpinv  17740
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator