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Theorem grpinveu 18205
 Description: The left inverse element of a group is unique. Lemma 2.2.1(b) of [Herstein] p. 55. (Contributed by NM, 24-Aug-2011.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
grpinveu.b 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
grpinveu.p + = (+g𝐺)
grpinveu.o 0 = (0g𝐺)
Assertion
Ref Expression
grpinveu ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃!𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 )
Distinct variable groups:   𝑦,𝐵   𝑦,𝐺   𝑦, +   𝑦, 0   𝑦,𝑋

Proof of Theorem grpinveu
Dummy variable 𝑧 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 grpinveu.b . . . 4 𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)
2 grpinveu.p . . . 4 + = (+g𝐺)
3 grpinveu.o . . . 4 0 = (0g𝐺)
41, 2, 3grpinvex 18179 . . 3 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 )
5 eqtr3 2780 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → (𝑦 + 𝑋) = (𝑧 + 𝑋))
61, 2grprcan 18204 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑦𝐵𝑧𝐵𝑋𝐵)) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = (𝑧 + 𝑋) ↔ 𝑦 = 𝑧))
75, 6syl5ib 247 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ (𝑦𝐵𝑧𝐵𝑋𝐵)) → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))
873exp2 1351 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → (𝑦𝐵 → (𝑧𝐵 → (𝑋𝐵 → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧)))))
98com24 95 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝐺 ∈ Grp → (𝑋𝐵 → (𝑧𝐵 → (𝑦𝐵 → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧)))))
109imp41 429 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑧𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))
1110an32s 651 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) ∧ 𝑧𝐵) → (((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))
1211expd 419 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) ∧ 𝑧𝐵) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
1312ralrimdva 3118 . . . . 5 (((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
1413ancld 554 . . . 4 (((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) ∧ 𝑦𝐵) → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧))))
1514reximdva 3198 . . 3 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → (∃𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 → ∃𝑦𝐵 ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧))))
164, 15mpd 15 . 2 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃𝑦𝐵 ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
17 oveq1 7157 . . . 4 (𝑦 = 𝑧 → (𝑦 + 𝑋) = (𝑧 + 𝑋))
1817eqeq1d 2760 . . 3 (𝑦 = 𝑧 → ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ↔ (𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0 ))
1918reu8 3647 . 2 (∃!𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ↔ ∃𝑦𝐵 ((𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 ∧ ∀𝑧𝐵 ((𝑧 + 𝑋) = 0𝑦 = 𝑧)))
2016, 19sylibr 237 1 ((𝐺 ∈ Grp ∧ 𝑋𝐵) → ∃!𝑦𝐵 (𝑦 + 𝑋) = 0 )
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ∧ wa 399   ∧ w3a 1084   = wceq 1538   ∈ wcel 2111  ∀wral 3070  ∃wrex 3071  ∃!wreu 3072  ‘cfv 6335  (class class class)co 7150  Basecbs 16541  +gcplusg 16623  0gc0g 16771  Grpcgrp 18169 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1911  ax-6 1970  ax-7 2015  ax-8 2113  ax-9 2121  ax-10 2142  ax-11 2158  ax-12 2175  ax-ext 2729  ax-sep 5169  ax-nul 5176  ax-pr 5298 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-fal 1551  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2070  df-mo 2557  df-eu 2588  df-clab 2736  df-cleq 2750  df-clel 2830  df-nfc 2901  df-ne 2952  df-ral 3075  df-rex 3076  df-reu 3077  df-rmo 3078  df-rab 3079  df-v 3411  df-sbc 3697  df-dif 3861  df-un 3863  df-in 3865  df-ss 3875  df-nul 4226  df-if 4421  df-sn 4523  df-pr 4525  df-op 4529  df-uni 4799  df-br 5033  df-opab 5095  df-mpt 5113  df-id 5430  df-xp 5530  df-rel 5531  df-cnv 5532  df-co 5533  df-dm 5534  df-iota 6294  df-fun 6337  df-fv 6343  df-riota 7108  df-ov 7153  df-0g 16773  df-mgm 17918  df-sgrp 17967  df-mnd 17978  df-grp 18172 This theorem is referenced by:  grpinvf  18217  grplinv  18219  isgrpinv  18223
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