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Theorem setrec2 45212
Description: This is the second of two fundamental theorems about set recursion from which all other facts will be derived. It states that the class setrecs(𝐹) is a subclass of all classes 𝐶 that are closed under 𝐹. Taken together, theorems setrec1 45208 and setrec2v 45213 uniquely determine setrecs(𝐹) to be the minimal class closed under 𝐹.

We express this by saying that if 𝐹 respects the relation and 𝐶 is closed under 𝐹, then 𝐵𝐶. By substituting strategically constructed classes for 𝐶, we can easily prove many useful properties. Although this theorem cannot show equality between 𝐵 and 𝐶, if we intend to prove equality between 𝐵 and some particular class (such as On), we first apply this theorem, then the relevant induction theorem (such as tfi 7552) to the other class.

(Contributed by Emmett Weisz, 2-Sep-2021.)

Hypotheses
Ref Expression
setrec2.1 𝑎𝐹
setrec2.2 𝐵 = setrecs(𝐹)
setrec2.3 (𝜑 → ∀𝑎(𝑎𝐶 → (𝐹𝑎) ⊆ 𝐶))
Assertion
Ref Expression
setrec2 (𝜑𝐵𝐶)
Distinct variable group:   𝐶,𝑎
Allowed substitution hints:   𝜑(𝑎)   𝐵(𝑎)   𝐹(𝑎)

Proof of Theorem setrec2
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑤 𝑦 𝑧 𝑢 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 setrec2.1 . . 3 𝑎𝐹
2 nfcv 2958 . . . . . 6 𝑎𝑥
3 nfcv 2958 . . . . . 6 𝑎𝑢
42, 1, 3nfbr 5080 . . . . 5 𝑎 𝑥𝐹𝑢
54nfeuw 2657 . . . 4 𝑎∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢
65nfab 2964 . . 3 𝑎{𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢}
71, 6nfres 5824 . 2 𝑎(𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})
8 setrec2.2 . . 3 𝐵 = setrecs(𝐹)
9 setrec2lem1 45210 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑤) = (𝐹𝑤)
109sseq1i 3946 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧 ↔ (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)
1110imbi2i 339 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑤𝑧 → ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧) ↔ (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧))
1211imbi2i 339 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) ↔ (𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)))
1312albii 1821 . . . . . . . 8 (∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) ↔ ∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)))
1413imbi1i 353 . . . . . . 7 ((∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧) ↔ (∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧))
1514albii 1821 . . . . . 6 (∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧) ↔ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧))
1615abbii 2866 . . . . 5 {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)} = {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}
1716unieqi 4816 . . . 4 {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)} = {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}
18 df-setrecs 45201 . . . 4 setrecs((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})) = {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}
19 df-setrecs 45201 . . . 4 setrecs(𝐹) = {𝑦 ∣ ∀𝑧(∀𝑤(𝑤𝑦 → (𝑤𝑧 → (𝐹𝑤) ⊆ 𝑧)) → 𝑦𝑧)}
2017, 18, 193eqtr4ri 2835 . . 3 setrecs(𝐹) = setrecs((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢}))
218, 20eqtri 2824 . 2 𝐵 = setrecs((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢}))
22 setrec2lem2 45211 . 2 Fun (𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})
23 setrec2.3 . . 3 (𝜑 → ∀𝑎(𝑎𝐶 → (𝐹𝑎) ⊆ 𝐶))
24 setrec2lem1 45210 . . . . . 6 ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑎) = (𝐹𝑎)
2524sseq1i 3946 . . . . 5 (((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑎) ⊆ 𝐶 ↔ (𝐹𝑎) ⊆ 𝐶)
2625imbi2i 339 . . . 4 ((𝑎𝐶 → ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑎) ⊆ 𝐶) ↔ (𝑎𝐶 → (𝐹𝑎) ⊆ 𝐶))
2726albii 1821 . . 3 (∀𝑎(𝑎𝐶 → ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑎) ⊆ 𝐶) ↔ ∀𝑎(𝑎𝐶 → (𝐹𝑎) ⊆ 𝐶))
2823, 27sylibr 237 . 2 (𝜑 → ∀𝑎(𝑎𝐶 → ((𝐹 ↾ {𝑥 ∣ ∃!𝑢 𝑥𝐹𝑢})‘𝑎) ⊆ 𝐶))
297, 21, 22, 28setrec2fun 45209 1 (𝜑𝐵𝐶)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wal 1536   = wceq 1538  ∃!weu 2631  {cab 2779  wnfc 2939  wss 3884   cuni 4803   class class class wbr 5033  cres 5525  cfv 6328  setrecscsetrecs 45200
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1911  ax-6 1970  ax-7 2015  ax-8 2114  ax-9 2122  ax-10 2143  ax-11 2159  ax-12 2176  ax-ext 2773  ax-rep 5157  ax-sep 5170  ax-nul 5177  ax-pow 5234  ax-pr 5298  ax-un 7445
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2070  df-mo 2601  df-eu 2632  df-clab 2780  df-cleq 2794  df-clel 2873  df-nfc 2941  df-ne 2991  df-ral 3114  df-rex 3115  df-rab 3118  df-v 3446  df-sbc 3724  df-dif 3887  df-un 3889  df-in 3891  df-ss 3901  df-nul 4247  df-if 4429  df-pw 4502  df-sn 4529  df-pr 4531  df-op 4535  df-uni 4804  df-br 5034  df-opab 5096  df-id 5428  df-xp 5529  df-rel 5530  df-cnv 5531  df-co 5532  df-dm 5533  df-rn 5534  df-res 5535  df-ima 5536  df-iota 6287  df-fun 6330  df-fv 6336  df-setrecs 45201
This theorem is referenced by:  setrec2v  45213
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