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Theorem clim 14843
 Description: Express the predicate: The limit of complex number sequence 𝐹 is 𝐴, or 𝐹 converges to 𝐴. This means that for any real 𝑥, no matter how small, there always exists an integer 𝑗 such that the absolute difference of any later complex number in the sequence and the limit is less than 𝑥. (Contributed by NM, 28-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 28-Apr-2015.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
clim.1 (𝜑𝐹𝑉)
clim.3 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐹𝑘) = 𝐵)
Assertion
Ref Expression
clim (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐴 ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)(𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) < 𝑥))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑗,𝑘,𝑥,𝐴   𝑗,𝐹,𝑘,𝑥   𝜑,𝑗,𝑘,𝑥
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐵(𝑥,𝑗,𝑘)   𝑉(𝑥,𝑗,𝑘)

Proof of Theorem clim
Dummy variables 𝑓 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 climrel 14841 . . . . 5 Rel ⇝
21brrelex2i 5602 . . . 4 (𝐹𝐴𝐴 ∈ V)
32a1i 11 . . 3 (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐴𝐴 ∈ V))
4 elex 3511 . . . . 5 (𝐴 ∈ ℂ → 𝐴 ∈ V)
54adantr 483 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥)) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
65a1i 11 . . 3 (𝜑 → ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥)) → 𝐴 ∈ V))
7 clim.1 . . . 4 (𝜑𝐹𝑉)
8 simpr 487 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → 𝑦 = 𝐴)
98eleq1d 2895 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ↔ 𝐴 ∈ ℂ))
10 fveq1 6662 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑓 = 𝐹 → (𝑓𝑘) = (𝐹𝑘))
1110adantr 483 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → (𝑓𝑘) = (𝐹𝑘))
1211eleq1d 2895 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → ((𝑓𝑘) ∈ ℂ ↔ (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ))
13 oveq12 7157 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((𝑓𝑘) = (𝐹𝑘) ∧ 𝑦 = 𝐴) → ((𝑓𝑘) − 𝑦) = ((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴))
1410, 13sylan 582 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → ((𝑓𝑘) − 𝑦) = ((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴))
1514fveq2d 6667 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → (abs‘((𝑓𝑘) − 𝑦)) = (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)))
1615breq1d 5067 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → ((abs‘((𝑓𝑘) − 𝑦)) < 𝑥 ↔ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥))
1712, 16anbi12d 632 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → (((𝑓𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝑓𝑘) − 𝑦)) < 𝑥) ↔ ((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥)))
1817ralbidv 3195 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → (∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝑓𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝑓𝑘) − 𝑦)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥)))
1918rexbidv 3295 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → (∃𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝑓𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝑓𝑘) − 𝑦)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∃𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥)))
2019ralbidv 3195 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝑓𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝑓𝑘) − 𝑦)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥)))
219, 20anbi12d 632 . . . . . 6 ((𝑓 = 𝐹𝑦 = 𝐴) → ((𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝑓𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝑓𝑘) − 𝑦)) < 𝑥)) ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥))))
22 df-clim 14837 . . . . . 6 ⇝ = {⟨𝑓, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝑓𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝑓𝑘) − 𝑦)) < 𝑥))}
2321, 22brabga 5412 . . . . 5 ((𝐹𝑉𝐴 ∈ V) → (𝐹𝐴 ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥))))
2423ex 415 . . . 4 (𝐹𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ V → (𝐹𝐴 ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥)))))
257, 24syl 17 . . 3 (𝜑 → (𝐴 ∈ V → (𝐹𝐴 ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥)))))
263, 6, 25pm5.21ndd 383 . 2 (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐴 ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥))))
27 eluzelz 12245 . . . . . . 7 (𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗) → 𝑘 ∈ ℤ)
28 clim.3 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐹𝑘) = 𝐵)
2928eleq1d 2895 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ↔ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ))
3028fvoveq1d 7170 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) = (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)))
3130breq1d 5067 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥 ↔ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) < 𝑥))
3229, 31anbi12d 632 . . . . . . 7 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℤ) → (((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥) ↔ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) < 𝑥)))
3327, 32sylan2 594 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)) → (((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥) ↔ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) < 𝑥)))
3433ralbidva 3194 . . . . 5 (𝜑 → (∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)(𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) < 𝑥)))
3534rexbidv 3295 . . . 4 (𝜑 → (∃𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∃𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)(𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) < 𝑥)))
3635ralbidv 3195 . . 3 (𝜑 → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)(𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) < 𝑥)))
3736anbi2d 630 . 2 (𝜑 → ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)((𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘((𝐹𝑘) − 𝐴)) < 𝑥)) ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)(𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) < 𝑥))))
3826, 37bitrd 281 1 (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐴 ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑗 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑗)(𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) < 𝑥))))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ↔ wb 208   ∧ wa 398   = wceq 1531   ∈ wcel 2108  ∀wral 3136  ∃wrex 3137  Vcvv 3493   class class class wbr 5057  ‘cfv 6348  (class class class)co 7148  ℂcc 10527   < clt 10667   − cmin 10862  ℤcz 11973  ℤ≥cuz 12235  ℝ+crp 12381  abscabs 14585   ⇝ cli 14833 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1790  ax-4 1804  ax-5 1905  ax-6 1964  ax-7 2009  ax-8 2110  ax-9 2118  ax-10 2139  ax-11 2154  ax-12 2170  ax-ext 2791  ax-sep 5194  ax-nul 5201  ax-pow 5257  ax-pr 5320  ax-cnex 10585  ax-resscn 10586 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 209  df-an 399  df-or 844  df-3or 1083  df-3an 1084  df-tru 1534  df-ex 1775  df-nf 1779  df-sb 2064  df-mo 2616  df-eu 2648  df-clab 2798  df-cleq 2812  df-clel 2891  df-nfc 2961  df-ne 3015  df-ral 3141  df-rex 3142  df-rab 3145  df-v 3495  df-sbc 3771  df-dif 3937  df-un 3939  df-in 3941  df-ss 3950  df-nul 4290  df-if 4466  df-pw 4539  df-sn 4560  df-pr 4562  df-op 4566  df-uni 4831  df-br 5058  df-opab 5120  df-mpt 5138  df-id 5453  df-xp 5554  df-rel 5555  df-cnv 5556  df-co 5557  df-dm 5558  df-rn 5559  df-res 5560  df-ima 5561  df-iota 6307  df-fun 6350  df-fn 6351  df-f 6352  df-fv 6356  df-ov 7151  df-neg 10865  df-z 11974  df-uz 12236  df-clim 14837 This theorem is referenced by:  climcl  14848  clim2  14853  climshftlem  14923  climsuse  41879  0cnv  42013  climuzlem  42014  climisp  42017  climrescn  42019  climxrrelem  42020  climxrre  42021  ioodvbdlimc1lem2  42207  ioodvbdlimc2lem  42209
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