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Theorem tz9.1 9163
Description: Every set has a transitive closure (the smallest transitive extension). Theorem 9.1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 73. See trcl 9162 for an explicit expression for the transitive closure. Apparently open problems are whether this theorem can be proved without the Axiom of Infinity; if not, then whether it implies Infinity; and if not, what is the "property" that Infinity has that the other axioms don't have that is weaker than Infinity itself?

(Added 22-Mar-2011) The following article seems to answer the first question, that it can't be proved without Infinity, in the affirmative: Mancini, Antonella and Zambella, Domenico (2001). "A note on recursive models of set theories." Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic, 42(2):109-115. (Thanks to Scott Fenton.) (Contributed by NM, 15-Sep-2003.)

Hypothesis
Ref Expression
tz9.1.1 𝐴 ∈ V
Assertion
Ref Expression
tz9.1 𝑥(𝐴𝑥 ∧ Tr 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑥𝑦))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝐴,𝑦

Proof of Theorem tz9.1
Dummy variables 𝑧 𝑤 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 omex 9098 . . 3 ω ∈ V
2 fvex 6676 . . 3 ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ V
31, 2iunex 7661 . 2 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∈ V
4 sseq2 3991 . . 3 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (𝐴𝑥𝐴 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧)))
5 treq 5169 . . 3 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (Tr 𝑥 ↔ Tr 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧)))
6 sseq1 3990 . . . . 5 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (𝑥𝑦 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝑦))
76imbi2d 343 . . . 4 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑥𝑦) ↔ ((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝑦)))
87albidv 1915 . . 3 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → (∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑥𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝑦)))
94, 5, 83anbi123d 1430 . 2 (𝑥 = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) → ((𝐴𝑥 ∧ Tr 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑥𝑦)) ↔ (𝐴 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∧ Tr 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝑦))))
10 tz9.1.1 . . 3 𝐴 ∈ V
11 eqid 2819 . . 3 (rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω) = (rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)
12 eqid 2819 . . 3 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) = 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧)
1310, 11, 12trcl 9162 . 2 (𝐴 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∧ Tr 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑧 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑤 ∈ V ↦ (𝑤 𝑤)), 𝐴) ↾ ω)‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝑦))
143, 9, 13ceqsexv2d 3541 1 𝑥(𝐴𝑥 ∧ Tr 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦((𝐴𝑦 ∧ Tr 𝑦) → 𝑥𝑦))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 398  w3a 1082  wal 1529   = wceq 1531  wex 1774  wcel 2108  Vcvv 3493  cun 3932  wss 3934   cuni 4830   ciun 4910  cmpt 5137  Tr wtr 5163  cres 5550  cfv 6348  ωcom 7572  reccrdg 8037
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1790  ax-4 1804  ax-5 1905  ax-6 1964  ax-7 2009  ax-8 2110  ax-9 2118  ax-10 2139  ax-11 2154  ax-12 2170  ax-ext 2791  ax-rep 5181  ax-sep 5194  ax-nul 5201  ax-pow 5257  ax-pr 5320  ax-un 7453  ax-inf2 9096
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 209  df-an 399  df-or 844  df-3or 1083  df-3an 1084  df-tru 1534  df-ex 1775  df-nf 1779  df-sb 2064  df-mo 2616  df-eu 2648  df-clab 2798  df-cleq 2812  df-clel 2891  df-nfc 2961  df-ne 3015  df-ral 3141  df-rex 3142  df-reu 3143  df-rab 3145  df-v 3495  df-sbc 3771  df-csb 3882  df-dif 3937  df-un 3939  df-in 3941  df-ss 3950  df-pss 3952  df-nul 4290  df-if 4466  df-pw 4539  df-sn 4560  df-pr 4562  df-tp 4564  df-op 4566  df-uni 4831  df-iun 4912  df-br 5058  df-opab 5120  df-mpt 5138  df-tr 5164  df-id 5453  df-eprel 5458  df-po 5467  df-so 5468  df-fr 5507  df-we 5509  df-xp 5554  df-rel 5555  df-cnv 5556  df-co 5557  df-dm 5558  df-rn 5559  df-res 5560  df-ima 5561  df-pred 6141  df-ord 6187  df-on 6188  df-lim 6189  df-suc 6190  df-iota 6307  df-fun 6350  df-fn 6351  df-f 6352  df-f1 6353  df-fo 6354  df-f1o 6355  df-fv 6356  df-om 7573  df-wrecs 7939  df-recs 8000  df-rdg 8038
This theorem is referenced by:  epfrs  9165
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