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Theorem dfac3 9539
Description: Equivalence of two versions of the Axiom of Choice. The left-hand side is defined as the Axiom of Choice (first form) of [Enderton] p. 49. The right-hand side is the Axiom of Choice of [TakeutiZaring] p. 83. The proof does not depend on AC. (Contributed by NM, 24-Mar-2004.) (Revised by Stefan O'Rear, 22-Feb-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
dfac3 (CHOICE ↔ ∀𝑥𝑓𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑓,𝑧

Proof of Theorem dfac3
Dummy variables 𝑦 𝑤 𝑣 𝑢 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 df-ac 9534 . 2 (CHOICE ↔ ∀𝑦𝑓(𝑓𝑦𝑓 Fn dom 𝑦))
2 vex 3496 . . . . . . . 8 𝑥 ∈ V
3 vuniex 7457 . . . . . . . 8 𝑥 ∈ V
42, 3xpex 7468 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 × 𝑥) ∈ V
5 simpl 485 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤) → 𝑤𝑥)
6 elunii 4835 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑣𝑤𝑤𝑥) → 𝑣 𝑥)
76ancoms 461 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤) → 𝑣 𝑥)
85, 7jca 514 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤) → (𝑤𝑥𝑣 𝑥))
98ssopab2i 5428 . . . . . . . 8 {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣 𝑥)}
10 df-xp 5554 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 × 𝑥) = {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣 𝑥)}
119, 10sseqtrri 4002 . . . . . . 7 {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ⊆ (𝑥 × 𝑥)
124, 11ssexi 5217 . . . . . 6 {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∈ V
13 sseq2 3991 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} → (𝑓𝑦𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}))
14 dmeq 5765 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦 = {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} → dom 𝑦 = dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)})
1514fneq2d 6440 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} → (𝑓 Fn dom 𝑦𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}))
1613, 15anbi12d 632 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} → ((𝑓𝑦𝑓 Fn dom 𝑦) ↔ (𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)})))
1716exbidv 1916 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} → (∃𝑓(𝑓𝑦𝑓 Fn dom 𝑦) ↔ ∃𝑓(𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)})))
1812, 17spcv 3604 . . . . 5 (∀𝑦𝑓(𝑓𝑦𝑓 Fn dom 𝑦) → ∃𝑓(𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}))
19 fndm 6448 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} → dom 𝑓 = dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)})
20 eleq2 2899 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (dom 𝑓 = dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} → (𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓𝑧 ∈ dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}))
21 dmopab 5777 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} = {𝑤 ∣ ∃𝑣(𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}
2221eleq2i 2902 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑧 ∈ dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ↔ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∣ ∃𝑣(𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)})
23 vex 3496 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 𝑧 ∈ V
24 elequ1 2115 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 (𝑤 = 𝑧 → (𝑤𝑥𝑧𝑥))
25 eleq2 2899 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 (𝑤 = 𝑧 → (𝑣𝑤𝑣𝑧))
2624, 25anbi12d 632 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (𝑤 = 𝑧 → ((𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤) ↔ (𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧)))
2726exbidv 1916 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (𝑤 = 𝑧 → (∃𝑣(𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤) ↔ ∃𝑣(𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧)))
2823, 27elab 3665 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∣ ∃𝑣(𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ↔ ∃𝑣(𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧))
29 19.42v 1948 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (∃𝑣(𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧) ↔ (𝑧𝑥 ∧ ∃𝑣 𝑣𝑧))
30 n0 4308 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ ↔ ∃𝑣 𝑣𝑧)
3130anbi2i 624 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ((𝑧𝑥𝑧 ≠ ∅) ↔ (𝑧𝑥 ∧ ∃𝑣 𝑣𝑧))
3229, 31bitr4i 280 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (∃𝑣(𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧) ↔ (𝑧𝑥𝑧 ≠ ∅))
3322, 28, 323bitrri 300 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ((𝑧𝑥𝑧 ≠ ∅) ↔ 𝑧 ∈ dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)})
3420, 33syl6rbbr 292 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (dom 𝑓 = dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} → ((𝑧𝑥𝑧 ≠ ∅) ↔ 𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓))
3519, 34syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} → ((𝑧𝑥𝑧 ≠ ∅) ↔ 𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓))
3635adantl 484 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}) → ((𝑧𝑥𝑧 ≠ ∅) ↔ 𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓))
37 fnfun 6446 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} → Fun 𝑓)
38 funfvima3 6990 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((Fun 𝑓𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}) → (𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓 → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ ({⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} “ {𝑧})))
3938ancoms 461 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ Fun 𝑓) → (𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓 → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ ({⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} “ {𝑧})))
4037, 39sylan2 594 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}) → (𝑧 ∈ dom 𝑓 → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ ({⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} “ {𝑧})))
4136, 40sylbid 242 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}) → ((𝑧𝑥𝑧 ≠ ∅) → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ ({⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} “ {𝑧})))
4241imp 409 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}) ∧ (𝑧𝑥𝑧 ≠ ∅)) → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ ({⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} “ {𝑧}))
43 ibar 531 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑧𝑥 → (𝑢𝑧 ↔ (𝑧𝑥𝑢𝑧)))
4443abbi2dv 2948 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑧𝑥𝑧 = {𝑢 ∣ (𝑧𝑥𝑢𝑧)})
45 imasng 5944 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑧 ∈ V → ({⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} “ {𝑧}) = {𝑢𝑧{⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}𝑢})
4645elv 3498 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ({⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} “ {𝑧}) = {𝑢𝑧{⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}𝑢}
47 vex 3496 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 𝑢 ∈ V
48 elequ1 2115 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (𝑣 = 𝑢 → (𝑣𝑧𝑢𝑧))
4948anbi2d 630 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑣 = 𝑢 → ((𝑧𝑥𝑣𝑧) ↔ (𝑧𝑥𝑢𝑧)))
50 eqid 2819 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} = {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}
5123, 47, 26, 49, 50brab 5421 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑧{⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}𝑢 ↔ (𝑧𝑥𝑢𝑧))
5251abbii 2884 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 {𝑢𝑧{⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}𝑢} = {𝑢 ∣ (𝑧𝑥𝑢𝑧)}
5346, 52eqtri 2842 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ({⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} “ {𝑧}) = {𝑢 ∣ (𝑧𝑥𝑢𝑧)}
5444, 53syl6reqr 2873 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑧𝑥 → ({⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} “ {𝑧}) = 𝑧)
5554eleq2d 2896 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑧𝑥 → ((𝑓𝑧) ∈ ({⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} “ {𝑧}) ↔ (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧))
5655ad2antrl 726 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}) ∧ (𝑧𝑥𝑧 ≠ ∅)) → ((𝑓𝑧) ∈ ({⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} “ {𝑧}) ↔ (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧))
5742, 56mpbid 234 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}) ∧ (𝑧𝑥𝑧 ≠ ∅)) → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧)
5857exp32 423 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}) → (𝑧𝑥 → (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧)))
5958ralrimiv 3179 . . . . . 6 ((𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}) → ∀𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧))
6059eximi 1829 . . . . 5 (∃𝑓(𝑓 ⊆ {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)} ∧ 𝑓 Fn dom {⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∣ (𝑤𝑥𝑣𝑤)}) → ∃𝑓𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧))
6118, 60syl 17 . . . 4 (∀𝑦𝑓(𝑓𝑦𝑓 Fn dom 𝑦) → ∃𝑓𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧))
6261alrimiv 1922 . . 3 (∀𝑦𝑓(𝑓𝑦𝑓 Fn dom 𝑦) → ∀𝑥𝑓𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧))
63 eqid 2819 . . . . 5 (𝑤 ∈ dom 𝑦 ↦ (𝑓‘{𝑢𝑤𝑦𝑢})) = (𝑤 ∈ dom 𝑦 ↦ (𝑓‘{𝑢𝑤𝑦𝑢}))
6463aceq3lem 9538 . . . 4 (∀𝑥𝑓𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧) → ∃𝑓(𝑓𝑦𝑓 Fn dom 𝑦))
6564alrimiv 1922 . . 3 (∀𝑥𝑓𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧) → ∀𝑦𝑓(𝑓𝑦𝑓 Fn dom 𝑦))
6662, 65impbii 211 . 2 (∀𝑦𝑓(𝑓𝑦𝑓 Fn dom 𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑥𝑓𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧))
671, 66bitri 277 1 (CHOICE ↔ ∀𝑥𝑓𝑧𝑥 (𝑧 ≠ ∅ → (𝑓𝑧) ∈ 𝑧))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 208  wa 398  wal 1529   = wceq 1531  wex 1774  wcel 2108  {cab 2797  wne 3014  wral 3136  Vcvv 3493  wss 3934  c0 4289  {csn 4559   cuni 4830   class class class wbr 5057  {copab 5119  cmpt 5137   × cxp 5546  dom cdm 5548  cima 5551  Fun wfun 6342   Fn wfn 6343  cfv 6348  CHOICEwac 9533
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1790  ax-4 1804  ax-5 1905  ax-6 1964  ax-7 2009  ax-8 2110  ax-9 2118  ax-10 2139  ax-11 2154  ax-12 2170  ax-ext 2791  ax-sep 5194  ax-nul 5201  ax-pow 5257  ax-pr 5320  ax-un 7453
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 209  df-an 399  df-or 844  df-3an 1084  df-tru 1534  df-ex 1775  df-nf 1779  df-sb 2064  df-mo 2616  df-eu 2648  df-clab 2798  df-cleq 2812  df-clel 2891  df-nfc 2961  df-ne 3015  df-ral 3141  df-rex 3142  df-rab 3145  df-v 3495  df-sbc 3771  df-dif 3937  df-un 3939  df-in 3941  df-ss 3950  df-nul 4290  df-if 4466  df-pw 4539  df-sn 4560  df-pr 4562  df-op 4566  df-uni 4831  df-br 5058  df-opab 5120  df-mpt 5138  df-id 5453  df-xp 5554  df-rel 5555  df-cnv 5556  df-co 5557  df-dm 5558  df-rn 5559  df-res 5560  df-ima 5561  df-iota 6307  df-fun 6350  df-fn 6351  df-fv 6356  df-ac 9534
This theorem is referenced by:  dfac4  9540  dfac5  9546  dfac2a  9547  dfac2b  9548  dfac8  9553  dfac9  9554  ac4  9889  dfac11  39653
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