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Theorem zorng 9915
Description: Zorn's Lemma. If the union of every chain (with respect to inclusion) in a set belongs to the set, then the set contains a maximal element. Theorem 6M of [Enderton] p. 151. This version of zorn 9918 avoids the Axiom of Choice by assuming that 𝐴 is well-orderable. (Contributed by NM, 12-Aug-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-May-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
zorng ((𝐴 ∈ dom card ∧ ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → 𝑧𝐴)) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥𝑦)
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝐴

Proof of Theorem zorng
Dummy variable 𝑢 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 risset 3226 . . . . . 6 ( 𝑧𝐴 ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴 𝑥 = 𝑧)
2 eqimss2 3972 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = 𝑧 𝑧𝑥)
3 unissb 4832 . . . . . . . . 9 ( 𝑧𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑢𝑧 𝑢𝑥)
42, 3sylib 221 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → ∀𝑢𝑧 𝑢𝑥)
5 vex 3444 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 𝑥 ∈ V
65brrpss 7432 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢𝑥)
76orbi1i 911 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥) ↔ (𝑢𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))
8 sspss 4027 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑢𝑥 ↔ (𝑢𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))
97, 8bitr4i 281 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥) ↔ 𝑢𝑥)
109ralbii 3133 . . . . . . . 8 (∀𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥) ↔ ∀𝑢𝑧 𝑢𝑥)
114, 10sylibr 237 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 = 𝑧 → ∀𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))
1211reximi 3206 . . . . . 6 (∃𝑥𝐴 𝑥 = 𝑧 → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))
131, 12sylbi 220 . . . . 5 ( 𝑧𝐴 → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))
1413imim2i 16 . . . 4 (((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → 𝑧𝐴) → ((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥)))
1514alimi 1813 . . 3 (∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → 𝑧𝐴) → ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥)))
16 porpss 7433 . . . 4 [] Po 𝐴
17 zorn2g 9914 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ dom card ∧ [] Po 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 [] 𝑦)
1816, 17mp3an2 1446 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ dom card ∧ ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑢𝑧 (𝑢 [] 𝑥𝑢 = 𝑥))) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 [] 𝑦)
1915, 18sylan2 595 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ dom card ∧ ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → 𝑧𝐴)) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 [] 𝑦)
20 vex 3444 . . . . . 6 𝑦 ∈ V
2120brrpss 7432 . . . . 5 (𝑥 [] 𝑦𝑥𝑦)
2221notbii 323 . . . 4 𝑥 [] 𝑦 ↔ ¬ 𝑥𝑦)
2322ralbii 3133 . . 3 (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 [] 𝑦 ↔ ∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥𝑦)
2423rexbii 3210 . 2 (∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 [] 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥𝑦)
2519, 24sylib 221 1 ((𝐴 ∈ dom card ∧ ∀𝑧((𝑧𝐴 ∧ [] Or 𝑧) → 𝑧𝐴)) → ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥𝑦)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 399  wo 844  wal 1536   = wceq 1538  wcel 2111  wral 3106  wrex 3107  wss 3881  wpss 3882   cuni 4800   class class class wbr 5030   Po wpo 5436   Or wor 5437  dom cdm 5519   [] crpss 7428  cardccrd 9348
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1911  ax-6 1970  ax-7 2015  ax-8 2113  ax-9 2121  ax-10 2142  ax-11 2158  ax-12 2175  ax-ext 2770  ax-rep 5154  ax-sep 5167  ax-nul 5174  ax-pow 5231  ax-pr 5295  ax-un 7441
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3or 1085  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2070  df-mo 2598  df-eu 2629  df-clab 2777  df-cleq 2791  df-clel 2870  df-nfc 2938  df-ne 2988  df-ral 3111  df-rex 3112  df-reu 3113  df-rmo 3114  df-rab 3115  df-v 3443  df-sbc 3721  df-csb 3829  df-dif 3884  df-un 3886  df-in 3888  df-ss 3898  df-pss 3900  df-nul 4244  df-if 4426  df-pw 4499  df-sn 4526  df-pr 4528  df-tp 4530  df-op 4532  df-uni 4801  df-int 4839  df-iun 4883  df-br 5031  df-opab 5093  df-mpt 5111  df-tr 5137  df-id 5425  df-eprel 5430  df-po 5438  df-so 5439  df-fr 5478  df-se 5479  df-we 5480  df-xp 5525  df-rel 5526  df-cnv 5527  df-co 5528  df-dm 5529  df-rn 5530  df-res 5531  df-ima 5532  df-pred 6116  df-ord 6162  df-on 6163  df-suc 6165  df-iota 6283  df-fun 6326  df-fn 6327  df-f 6328  df-f1 6329  df-fo 6330  df-f1o 6331  df-fv 6332  df-isom 6333  df-riota 7093  df-rpss 7429  df-wrecs 7930  df-recs 7991  df-en 8493  df-card 9352
This theorem is referenced by:  zornn0g  9916  zorn  9918
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