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Theorem efexp 11298
Description: The exponential of an integer power. Corollary 15-4.4 of [Gleason] p. 309, restricted to integers. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-Jun-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
efexp  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( exp `  ( N  x.  A )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ N ) )

Proof of Theorem efexp
Dummy variables  j  k are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 zcn 9013 . . . 4  |-  ( N  e.  ZZ  ->  N  e.  CC )
2 mulcom 7713 . . . 4  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  N  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  N
)  =  ( N  x.  A ) )
31, 2sylan2 282 . . 3  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( A  x.  N
)  =  ( N  x.  A ) )
43fveq2d 5391 . 2  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  N )
)  =  ( exp `  ( N  x.  A
) ) )
5 oveq2 5748 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  0  ->  ( A  x.  j )  =  ( A  x.  0 ) )
65fveq2d 5391 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  0  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  j ) )  =  ( exp `  ( A  x.  0 ) ) )
7 oveq2 5748 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  0  ->  (
( exp `  A
) ^ j )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ 0 ) )
86, 7eqeq12d 2130 . . . 4  |-  ( j  =  0  ->  (
( exp `  ( A  x.  j )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ j )  <->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  0 ) )  =  ( ( exp `  A
) ^ 0 ) ) )
9 oveq2 5748 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  k  ->  ( A  x.  j )  =  ( A  x.  k ) )
109fveq2d 5391 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  k  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  j ) )  =  ( exp `  ( A  x.  k )
) )
11 oveq2 5748 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  k  ->  (
( exp `  A
) ^ j )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k
) )
1210, 11eqeq12d 2130 . . . 4  |-  ( j  =  k  ->  (
( exp `  ( A  x.  j )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ j )  <->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  k
) )  =  ( ( exp `  A
) ^ k ) ) )
13 oveq2 5748 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  ( k  +  1 )  ->  ( A  x.  j )  =  ( A  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )
1413fveq2d 5391 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  ( k  +  1 )  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  j ) )  =  ( exp `  ( A  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) ) )
15 oveq2 5748 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  ( k  +  1 )  ->  (
( exp `  A
) ^ j )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ (
k  +  1 ) ) )
1614, 15eqeq12d 2130 . . . 4  |-  ( j  =  ( k  +  1 )  ->  (
( exp `  ( A  x.  j )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ j )  <->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  (
k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( exp `  A
) ^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) )
17 oveq2 5748 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  -u k  ->  ( A  x.  j )  =  ( A  x.  -u k ) )
1817fveq2d 5391 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  -u k  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  j ) )  =  ( exp `  ( A  x.  -u k ) ) )
19 oveq2 5748 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  -u k  ->  (
( exp `  A
) ^ j )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ -u k
) )
2018, 19eqeq12d 2130 . . . 4  |-  ( j  =  -u k  ->  (
( exp `  ( A  x.  j )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ j )  <->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  -u k
) )  =  ( ( exp `  A
) ^ -u k
) ) )
21 oveq2 5748 . . . . . 6  |-  ( j  =  N  ->  ( A  x.  j )  =  ( A  x.  N ) )
2221fveq2d 5391 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  N  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  j ) )  =  ( exp `  ( A  x.  N )
) )
23 oveq2 5748 . . . . 5  |-  ( j  =  N  ->  (
( exp `  A
) ^ j )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ N
) )
2422, 23eqeq12d 2130 . . . 4  |-  ( j  =  N  ->  (
( exp `  ( A  x.  j )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ j )  <->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  N
) )  =  ( ( exp `  A
) ^ N ) ) )
25 ef0 11288 . . . . 5  |-  ( exp `  0 )  =  1
26 mul01 8115 . . . . . 6  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  x.  0 )  =  0 )
2726fveq2d 5391 . . . . 5  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  0 ) )  =  ( exp `  0
) )
28 efcl 11280 . . . . . 6  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( exp `  A )  e.  CC )
2928exp0d 10369 . . . . 5  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  (
( exp `  A
) ^ 0 )  =  1 )
3025, 27, 293eqtr4a 2174 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  0 ) )  =  ( ( exp `  A
) ^ 0 ) )
31 oveq1 5747 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  k ) )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k
)  ->  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  k ) )  x.  ( exp `  A
) )  =  ( ( ( exp `  A
) ^ k )  x.  ( exp `  A
) ) )
3231adantl 273 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  /\  ( exp `  ( A  x.  k )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k ) )  ->  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  k
) )  x.  ( exp `  A ) )  =  ( ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k )  x.  ( exp `  A
) ) )
33 nn0cn 8941 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( k  e.  NN0  ->  k  e.  CC )
34 ax-1cn 7677 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  1  e.  CC
35 adddi 7716 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC  /\  1  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  ( k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( A  x.  k )  +  ( A  x.  1 ) ) )
3634, 35mp3an3 1287 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( A  x.  k )  +  ( A  x.  1 ) ) )
37 mulid1 7727 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( A  x.  1 )  =  A )
3837adantr 272 . . . . . . . . . . . 12  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  1 )  =  A )
3938oveq2d 5756 . . . . . . . . . . 11  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC )  ->  ( ( A  x.  k )  +  ( A  x.  1 ) )  =  ( ( A  x.  k )  +  A ) )
4036, 39eqtrd 2148 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( A  x.  k )  +  A ) )
4133, 40sylan2 282 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( A  x.  (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( A  x.  k )  +  A ) )
4241fveq2d 5391 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( exp `  ( A  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( exp `  ( ( A  x.  k )  +  A
) ) )
43 mulcl 7711 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  k
)  e.  CC )
4433, 43sylan2 282 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( A  x.  k
)  e.  CC )
45 simpl 108 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  ->  A  e.  CC )
46 efadd 11291 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( A  x.  k
)  e.  CC  /\  A  e.  CC )  ->  ( exp `  (
( A  x.  k
)  +  A ) )  =  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  k ) )  x.  ( exp `  A
) ) )
4744, 45, 46syl2anc 406 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( exp `  (
( A  x.  k
)  +  A ) )  =  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  k ) )  x.  ( exp `  A
) ) )
4842, 47eqtrd 2148 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( exp `  ( A  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  k ) )  x.  ( exp `  A
) ) )
4948adantr 272 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  /\  ( exp `  ( A  x.  k )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k ) )  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  k ) )  x.  ( exp `  A
) ) )
50 expp1 10251 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( exp `  A
)  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( exp `  A
) ^ ( k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k )  x.  ( exp `  A
) ) )
5128, 50sylan 279 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  -> 
( ( exp `  A
) ^ ( k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k )  x.  ( exp `  A
) ) )
5251adantr 272 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  /\  ( exp `  ( A  x.  k )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k ) )  ->  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ (
k  +  1 ) )  =  ( ( ( exp `  A
) ^ k )  x.  ( exp `  A
) ) )
5332, 49, 523eqtr4d 2158 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN0 )  /\  ( exp `  ( A  x.  k )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k ) )  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ ( k  +  1 ) ) )
5453exp31 359 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  (
k  e.  NN0  ->  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  k )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k )  -> 
( exp `  ( A  x.  ( k  +  1 ) ) )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ ( k  +  1 ) ) ) ) )
55 oveq2 5748 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  k ) )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k
)  ->  ( 1  /  ( exp `  ( A  x.  k )
) )  =  ( 1  /  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k ) ) )
56 nncn 8688 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( k  e.  NN  ->  k  e.  CC )
57 mulneg2 8122 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  CC )  ->  ( A  x.  -u k
)  =  -u ( A  x.  k )
)
5856, 57sylan2 282 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN )  ->  ( A  x.  -u k
)  =  -u ( A  x.  k )
)
5958fveq2d 5391 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN )  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  -u k ) )  =  ( exp `  -u ( A  x.  k ) ) )
6056, 43sylan2 282 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN )  ->  ( A  x.  k
)  e.  CC )
61 efneg 11295 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( A  x.  k )  e.  CC  ->  ( exp `  -u ( A  x.  k ) )  =  ( 1  /  ( exp `  ( A  x.  k ) ) ) )
6260, 61syl 14 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN )  ->  ( exp `  -u ( A  x.  k )
)  =  ( 1  /  ( exp `  ( A  x.  k )
) ) )
6359, 62eqtrd 2148 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN )  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  -u k ) )  =  ( 1  /  ( exp `  ( A  x.  k )
) ) )
64 efap0 11293 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( exp `  A ) #  0 )
65 nnnn0 8938 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( k  e.  NN  ->  k  e.  NN0 )
66 expnegap0 10252 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( exp `  A
)  e.  CC  /\  ( exp `  A ) #  0  /\  k  e. 
NN0 )  ->  (
( exp `  A
) ^ -u k
)  =  ( 1  /  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k
) ) )
6728, 64, 65, 66syl2an3an 1259 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN )  ->  ( ( exp `  A
) ^ -u k
)  =  ( 1  /  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k
) ) )
6863, 67eqeq12d 2130 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN )  ->  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  -u k ) )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ -u k )  <-> 
( 1  /  ( exp `  ( A  x.  k ) ) )  =  ( 1  / 
( ( exp `  A
) ^ k ) ) ) )
6955, 68syl5ibr 155 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  k  e.  NN )  ->  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  k )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k )  -> 
( exp `  ( A  x.  -u k ) )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ -u k ) ) )
7069ex 114 . . . 4  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  (
k  e.  NN  ->  ( ( exp `  ( A  x.  k )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ k )  -> 
( exp `  ( A  x.  -u k ) )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ -u k ) ) ) )
718, 12, 16, 20, 24, 30, 54, 70zindd 9123 . . 3  |-  ( A  e.  CC  ->  ( N  e.  ZZ  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  N ) )  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ N
) ) )
7271imp 123 . 2  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( exp `  ( A  x.  N )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ N ) )
734, 72eqtr3d 2150 1  |-  ( ( A  e.  CC  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( exp `  ( N  x.  A )
)  =  ( ( exp `  A ) ^ N ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:    -> wi 4    /\ wa 103    = wceq 1314    e. wcel 1463   class class class wbr 3897   ` cfv 5091  (class class class)co 5740   CCcc 7582   0cc0 7584   1c1 7585    + caddc 7587    x. cmul 7589   -ucneg 7898   # cap 8306    / cdiv 8395   NNcn 8680   NN0cn0 8931   ZZcz 9008   ^cexp 10243   expce 11258
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-ia1 105  ax-ia2 106  ax-ia3 107  ax-in1 586  ax-in2 587  ax-io 681  ax-5 1406  ax-7 1407  ax-gen 1408  ax-ie1 1452  ax-ie2 1453  ax-8 1465  ax-10 1466  ax-11 1467  ax-i12 1468  ax-bndl 1469  ax-4 1470  ax-13 1474  ax-14 1475  ax-17 1489  ax-i9 1493  ax-ial 1497  ax-i5r 1498  ax-ext 2097  ax-coll 4011  ax-sep 4014  ax-nul 4022  ax-pow 4066  ax-pr 4099  ax-un 4323  ax-setind 4420  ax-iinf 4470  ax-cnex 7675  ax-resscn 7676  ax-1cn 7677  ax-1re 7678  ax-icn 7679  ax-addcl 7680  ax-addrcl 7681  ax-mulcl 7682  ax-mulrcl 7683  ax-addcom 7684  ax-mulcom 7685  ax-addass 7686  ax-mulass 7687  ax-distr 7688  ax-i2m1 7689  ax-0lt1 7690  ax-1rid 7691  ax-0id 7692  ax-rnegex 7693  ax-precex 7694  ax-cnre 7695  ax-pre-ltirr 7696  ax-pre-ltwlin 7697  ax-pre-lttrn 7698  ax-pre-apti 7699  ax-pre-ltadd 7700  ax-pre-mulgt0 7701  ax-pre-mulext 7702  ax-arch 7703  ax-caucvg 7704
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 116  df-dc 803  df-3or 946  df-3an 947  df-tru 1317  df-fal 1320  df-nf 1420  df-sb 1719  df-eu 1978  df-mo 1979  df-clab 2102  df-cleq 2108  df-clel 2111  df-nfc 2245  df-ne 2284  df-nel 2379  df-ral 2396  df-rex 2397  df-reu 2398  df-rmo 2399  df-rab 2400  df-v 2660  df-sbc 2881  df-csb 2974  df-dif 3041  df-un 3043  df-in 3045  df-ss 3052  df-nul 3332  df-if 3443  df-pw 3480  df-sn 3501  df-pr 3502  df-op 3504  df-uni 3705  df-int 3740  df-iun 3783  df-disj 3875  df-br 3898  df-opab 3958  df-mpt 3959  df-tr 3995  df-id 4183  df-po 4186  df-iso 4187  df-iord 4256  df-on 4258  df-ilim 4259  df-suc 4261  df-iom 4473  df-xp 4513  df-rel 4514  df-cnv 4515  df-co 4516  df-dm 4517  df-rn 4518  df-res 4519  df-ima 4520  df-iota 5056  df-fun 5093  df-fn 5094  df-f 5095  df-f1 5096  df-fo 5097  df-f1o 5098  df-fv 5099  df-isom 5100  df-riota 5696  df-ov 5743  df-oprab 5744  df-mpo 5745  df-1st 6004  df-2nd 6005  df-recs 6168  df-irdg 6233  df-frec 6254  df-1o 6279  df-oadd 6283  df-er 6395  df-en 6601  df-dom 6602  df-fin 6603  df-sup 6837  df-pnf 7766  df-mnf 7767  df-xr 7768  df-ltxr 7769  df-le 7770  df-sub 7899  df-neg 7900  df-reap 8300  df-ap 8307  df-div 8396  df-inn 8681  df-2 8739  df-3 8740  df-4 8741  df-n0 8932  df-z 9009  df-uz 9279  df-q 9364  df-rp 9394  df-ico 9628  df-fz 9742  df-fzo 9871  df-seqfrec 10170  df-exp 10244  df-fac 10423  df-bc 10445  df-ihash 10473  df-cj 10565  df-re 10566  df-im 10567  df-rsqrt 10721  df-abs 10722  df-clim 10999  df-sumdc 11074  df-ef 11264
This theorem is referenced by:  efzval  11299  efgt0  11300  tanval3ap  11331  demoivre  11388
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