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Theorem dif1card 9425
Description: The cardinality of a nonempty finite set is one greater than the cardinality of the set with one element removed. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 2-Feb-2013.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
dif1card ((𝐴 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑋𝐴) → (card‘𝐴) = suc (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋})))

Proof of Theorem dif1card
Dummy variable 𝑚 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 diffi 8739 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ Fin → (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∈ Fin)
2 isfi 8522 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∈ Fin ↔ ∃𝑚 ∈ ω (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚)
3 simp3 1132 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚)
4 en2sn 8582 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω) → {𝑋} ≈ {𝑚})
543adant3 1126 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → {𝑋} ≈ {𝑚})
6 incom 4182 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∩ {𝑋}) = ({𝑋} ∩ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}))
7 disjdif 4424 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ({𝑋} ∩ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋})) = ∅
86, 7eqtri 2849 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∩ {𝑋}) = ∅
98a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → ((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∩ {𝑋}) = ∅)
10 nnord 7576 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑚 ∈ ω → Ord 𝑚)
11 ordirr 6207 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (Ord 𝑚 → ¬ 𝑚𝑚)
1210, 11syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑚 ∈ ω → ¬ 𝑚𝑚)
13 disjsn 4646 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑚 ∩ {𝑚}) = ∅ ↔ ¬ 𝑚𝑚)
1412, 13sylibr 235 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑚 ∈ ω → (𝑚 ∩ {𝑚}) = ∅)
15143ad2ant2 1128 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → (𝑚 ∩ {𝑚}) = ∅)
16 unen 8585 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚 ∧ {𝑋} ≈ {𝑚}) ∧ (((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∩ {𝑋}) = ∅ ∧ (𝑚 ∩ {𝑚}) = ∅)) → ((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∪ {𝑋}) ≈ (𝑚 ∪ {𝑚}))
173, 5, 9, 15, 16syl22anc 836 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → ((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∪ {𝑋}) ≈ (𝑚 ∪ {𝑚}))
18 difsnid 4742 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑋𝐴 → ((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∪ {𝑋}) = 𝐴)
19 df-suc 6195 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 suc 𝑚 = (𝑚 ∪ {𝑚})
2019eqcomi 2835 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑚 ∪ {𝑚}) = suc 𝑚
2120a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑋𝐴 → (𝑚 ∪ {𝑚}) = suc 𝑚)
2218, 21breq12d 5076 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑋𝐴 → (((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∪ {𝑋}) ≈ (𝑚 ∪ {𝑚}) ↔ 𝐴 ≈ suc 𝑚))
23223ad2ant1 1127 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → (((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∪ {𝑋}) ≈ (𝑚 ∪ {𝑚}) ↔ 𝐴 ≈ suc 𝑚))
2417, 23mpbid 233 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → 𝐴 ≈ suc 𝑚)
25 peano2 7590 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑚 ∈ ω → suc 𝑚 ∈ ω)
26253ad2ant2 1128 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → suc 𝑚 ∈ ω)
27 cardennn 9401 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ≈ suc 𝑚 ∧ suc 𝑚 ∈ ω) → (card‘𝐴) = suc 𝑚)
2824, 26, 27syl2anc 584 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → (card‘𝐴) = suc 𝑚)
29 cardennn 9401 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚𝑚 ∈ ω) → (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋})) = 𝑚)
3029ancoms 459 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋})) = 𝑚)
31303adant1 1124 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋})) = 𝑚)
32 suceq 6254 . . . . . . . . 9 ((card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋})) = 𝑚 → suc (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋})) = suc 𝑚)
3331, 32syl 17 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → suc (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋})) = suc 𝑚)
3428, 33eqtr4d 2864 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑋𝐴𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → (card‘𝐴) = suc (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋})))
35343expib 1116 . . . . . 6 (𝑋𝐴 → ((𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → (card‘𝐴) = suc (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}))))
3635com12 32 . . . . 5 ((𝑚 ∈ ω ∧ (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚) → (𝑋𝐴 → (card‘𝐴) = suc (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}))))
3736rexlimiva 3286 . . . 4 (∃𝑚 ∈ ω (𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ≈ 𝑚 → (𝑋𝐴 → (card‘𝐴) = suc (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}))))
382, 37sylbi 218 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}) ∈ Fin → (𝑋𝐴 → (card‘𝐴) = suc (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}))))
391, 38syl 17 . 2 (𝐴 ∈ Fin → (𝑋𝐴 → (card‘𝐴) = suc (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋}))))
4039imp 407 1 ((𝐴 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑋𝐴) → (card‘𝐴) = suc (card‘(𝐴 ∖ {𝑋})))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wb 207  wa 396  w3a 1081   = wceq 1530  wcel 2107  wrex 3144  cdif 3937  cun 3938  cin 3939  c0 4295  {csn 4564   class class class wbr 5063  Ord word 6188  suc csuc 6191  cfv 6352  ωcom 7568  cen 8495  Fincfn 8498  cardccrd 9353
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1789  ax-4 1803  ax-5 1904  ax-6 1963  ax-7 2008  ax-8 2109  ax-9 2117  ax-10 2138  ax-11 2153  ax-12 2169  ax-ext 2798  ax-sep 5200  ax-nul 5207  ax-pow 5263  ax-pr 5326  ax-un 7451
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 208  df-an 397  df-or 844  df-3or 1082  df-3an 1083  df-tru 1533  df-ex 1774  df-nf 1778  df-sb 2063  df-mo 2620  df-eu 2652  df-clab 2805  df-cleq 2819  df-clel 2898  df-nfc 2968  df-ne 3022  df-ral 3148  df-rex 3149  df-rab 3152  df-v 3502  df-sbc 3777  df-dif 3943  df-un 3945  df-in 3947  df-ss 3956  df-pss 3958  df-nul 4296  df-if 4471  df-pw 4544  df-sn 4565  df-pr 4567  df-tp 4569  df-op 4571  df-uni 4838  df-int 4875  df-br 5064  df-opab 5126  df-mpt 5144  df-tr 5170  df-id 5459  df-eprel 5464  df-po 5473  df-so 5474  df-fr 5513  df-we 5515  df-xp 5560  df-rel 5561  df-cnv 5562  df-co 5563  df-dm 5564  df-rn 5565  df-res 5566  df-ima 5567  df-ord 6192  df-on 6193  df-lim 6194  df-suc 6195  df-iota 6312  df-fun 6354  df-fn 6355  df-f 6356  df-f1 6357  df-fo 6358  df-f1o 6359  df-fv 6360  df-om 7569  df-1o 8093  df-er 8279  df-en 8499  df-dom 8500  df-sdom 8501  df-fin 8502  df-card 9357
This theorem is referenced by:  unidifsnel  30209  unidifsnne  30210
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